International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Allelopathic effects of Palustriella falcata (Bryophyta) extracts on wild mustard plants

By: B. Turkyilmaz Unal, C. Islek, T. Ezer, Z. Duzelten

Key Words: Bryophytes, Peroxidase, Phenolics, Photosynthetic pigments, Proline

Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res. 11(4), 37-45, October 2017.

Certification: ijaar 2017 0043 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

In order to protect themselves from various stress factors in certain habitats, bryophytes produce secondary metabolites such as phenolics. This study aimed to determine the effects of Palustriella falcata (Brid.) Hedenäs on growth parameters and levels of photosynthetic pigments, total protein, proline and total phenolics of Sinapis arvensis L. (wild mustard) to be used for biological control. There are non-significant differences in growth parameters compared to controls. The levels of photosynthetic pigments generally increased in the P. falcata distilled water treatments; decreases occured in the other solvent treatments. The biggest decreases were found for the treatments with ethyl acetate and 50mg.mL−1 P. falcata in ethyl acetate. The total protein amount and peroxidase enzyme activity are opposite to each other. Increases in the amount of proline and total phenolics were determined in all treatment groups. In the P. falcata treated groups, the biggest increases were seen with the 25mg.mL−1 ethyl acetate treatment (44.25% increase in total protein amount and 49.82% in proline amount), and with the 50mg.mL−1 ethyl acetate treatment (1050.76% increase in total phenolic amount). It is thought that the changes observed are due to the allelopathic effect of the P. falcata.

| Views 79 |

Allelopathic effects of Palustriella falcata (Bryophyta) extracts on wild mustard plants

Alam A. 2015. Moss flora of India: an updated checklist. GRIN Publisher, Germany p. 183.

Asakawa Y. 2007. Biologically active compounds from bryophytes. Pure Applied Chemistry 79, 557-580.

https://doi.org/10.1351/pac200779040557

Basile A, Sorbo S, Lo´ Pez-Sa´ Ez JA, Cobianchi RC. 2003. Effects of seven pure flavonoids from mosses on germination and growth of Tortula muralis Hedw (Bryophyta) and Raphanus sativus L. (Magnoliophyta). Phytochemistry 62, 1145-1151.

https://doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(02)00659-3

Bates LS, Waldern RP, Teare ID. 1973. Rapid determination of free proline for water-stress studies. Plant Soil 39, 205-207.

Bhattacharya A, Sood P, Cıtovsky V. 2010. The roles of plant phenolics in defence and communication during Agrobacterium and Rhizobium infection. Molecular Plant Pathology 11(5), 705-719.

https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1364-3703.2010.00625.x

Bradford MA. 1976. Rapid and sensitive method for quantation of microgram quantities of proteins utilizing the principle of protein dye binding. Analytical Biochemistry 72, 248.

Cortini Pedrotti C. 2006. Flora dei muschi d’Italia, Bryopsida (II parte). In: Delfino A, Ed. Medicina Science. Roma p. 827-1235.

Cruz-Ortega R, Ayala-Cordero G, Anaya AL. 2002. Allelochemical stress produced by the aqueous leachates of Calicarpa acuminate: effects on roots of bean, maize and tomato. Physiologia Plantarum 116, 20-27.

https://doi.org/10.1034/j.1399-3054.2002.1160103.x

Davis PH. 1965. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands (Vol. 10). Edinburgh University Press.

Einhellig FA. 2004. Mode of allelochemical action of phenolic compounds. In: Maci´as FA,. Galindo JCG, Molinillo JMG and Cutler HG, Eds. Allelopathy, Chemistry and Mode of Action of Allelochemicals. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, USA, p. 217-239.

Fritz D, Bernardi AP, Haas JS, Ascoli BM, Bordignon SADL, Von Poser G. 2007. Germination and growth inhibitory effects of Hypericum myrianthum and H. polyanthemum extracts on Lactuca sativa L. Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia 17(1), 44-48.

Gayosa C, Pomar F, Merino F, Bernal MA. 2004. Oxidative metabolism and phenolic compounds in Capsicum annuum L. var. annuum infected by Phytophthora capsici Leon. Scienta Horticultures 102(1), 1-13.

https://doi.org/10.1016/ j.scienta.2003.11.015

Glime JM. 2007. Bryophyte ecology. Michigan Technological University and the International Association of Bryologists, Houghton, MI p. 714.

Gradistein SR, Churchill SP, Salazar-Allen N. 2001. Guide to the bryophytes of tropical America. Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 86, 1-577.

Harborne J. 1993. Introduction to ecological biochemistry. London, Academic Press.

Herzog V, Fahimi H. 1973. Determination of the activity of peroxidase. Anaytical Biochemistry 5, 554-562.

Kato-Noguchi H, Seki T, Shigemori H. 2010. Allelopathy and allelopathic substance in the moss Rhynchostegium pallidifolium. Journal of plant physiology 167(6), 468-471.

https://doi.org/10.1016/ j.jplph.2009.10.018

Khatami SA, Angadji SJ, Delkhosh B, Khatami S, Ebrahimpour M. 2017. Allelopathic effects of nettle, chamomile and dandelion on germination and seedling growth of weeds (wild mustard, common mallow, canary grass). Allelopathy Journal 40(2), 151-162.

Koua FHM, Kimbara K, Tani A. 2015. Bacterial-biota dynamics of eight bryophyte species from different ecosystems. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences 22(2), 204-210.

https://doi.org/10.1016/ j.sjbs.2014.07.009

Ozen HC, Onay A. 2013. Plant physiology. Nobel Academic Publishers, Ankara, Turkey p. 275-294.

Sharma A, Bargali K, Pande N. 2009. The allelopathic potential of bryophyte extract on seed germination and seedling growth of Bidens biternata. Nature Science 7, 30-38.

Singh A, Singh D, Singh NB. 2009. Allelochemical stress produced by aqueous leachate of Nicotiana plumbaginifolia Viv. Plant Growth Regulation 58(2), 163-171.

Singleton VL, Orthofer R, Lamuela-Raventos RM. 1999. Analysis of total phenols and other oxidation substrates and antioxidants by means of folin-ciocalteu reagent. Methods Enzymology 299, 152-178.

Smith AJE. 2004. The moss flora of Britain and Ireland, II. Edition, Cambridge Univ. Press.

Srivastava V. 2015. Allelopathic effect of Lantana camara extract on seed germination and seedling growth of Brassica juncea. Enlightened Voice (A Multi-Disciplinary National Research Journal) 1(1), 97-101.

Thakur S, Kapila S. 2015. Allelopathic effect of some liverworts on seed germination of the weed Bidens pilosa L. International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences Review and Research 32(1), 77-80.

Tsubota H, Kuroda A, Masuzaki H, Nakahara M, Deguchi H. 2006. Preliminary study on allelopathic activity of bryophytes under laboratory conditions using the sandwich method. Journal of Hattori Botanical Laboratory 100, 517-525.

Tukey JW. 1954. Some selected quick and easy methods of statistical analysis. Transactions of New York Academy of Sciences p. 88-97.

Turkyilmaz Unal B. 2013. Effects of growth regulators on seed germination, seedling growth and some aspects of metabolism of wheat under allelochemical stress. Bangladesh Journal of Botany 42(1), 65-72. http://dx.doi.org/10.3329/bjb.v42i1.15865

Uddin Md N, Robinson RW. 2017. Allelopathy and resource competition: the effects of Phragmites australis invasion in plant communities. Botanical studies 58(1), 29.

Wang L, Wang LN, Zhao Y, Lou HX, Cheng AX. 2013. Secondary metabolites from Marchantia paleacea calluses and their allelopathic effects on Arabidopsis seed growth. Natural product research 27(3), 274-276.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/ 14786419.2012.665918

Wang Q, Zhao C, Gao Y, Gao C, Qıao Y, Xie H, Wang W, Yuan L, Liu J, Ma W, Li W. 2016. Effects of Abietinella abietina extracts on the germination and seedling emergence of Picea crassifolia: results of greenhouse experiments. Polish Journal of Ecology 64, 357-368.

https://doi.org/10. 3161/15052249PJE2016.64.3.006

Witham FH, Blayles DF, Devli RM. 1971. Experiments in plant physiology, New York, Van Nostrand Reinheld Company p. 55-56.

Xie C, Lou H. 2009. Secondary metabolites in bryophytes: an ecological aspect. Chemical Biodiversity 6(3), 303-312.

https://doi.org/10.1002/cbdv.200700450

B. Turkyilmaz Unal, C. Islek, T. Ezer, Z. Duzelten.
Allelopathic effects of Palustriella falcata (Bryophyta) extracts on wild mustard plants.
Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res. 11(4), 37-45, October 2017.
https://innspub.net/ijaar/allelopathic-effects-palustriella-falcata-bryophyta-extracts-wild-mustard-plants/
Copyright © 2017
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
https://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update