International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Development of an optimum irrigation scheme using least-cost path analysis and digital elevation modeling

By: Aaftab Ahmad, Burhan A. M Niyazi, Chaabani Anis

Key Words: Irrigation, GIS, DEM, LCPA, Water resources.

Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res. 12(2), 38-45, February 2018.

Certification: ijaar 2018 0080 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Irrigation suffices crop water requirements for optimum crop production in arid regions. It consumes about 72% of available fresh water in the world while contributing 40% of the world food supply. As the global population increasing rapidly and the available fresh water per capita is decreasing, so scarce natural resources (such as land and water) must be used wisely. Development of an optimum water supply and on farm distribution system for irrigated lands will increase water use efficiency and will reduce water supply cost. Different techniques of GIS have been used in irrigated agriculture to increase water use efficiency and yield in farm lands. In this study, the combination of digital elevation modelling (DEM) and least cost path analysis (LCPA) was used to develop an optimum irrigation scheme. Digital elevation model was used to generate the complete topography of the irrigated farms to determine water flow path from Haddah sewerage water treatment plant (Makah Province Saudi Arabia) to farm fields(date palm) near Bahrah town (in downstream of Wadi Fatima, Makkah province). Least-cost path analysis was used to find cheapest water supply path between source and the irrigated lands to decrease construction cost and water losses. The combination of least-cost path analysis and digital elevation model in water allocation for irrigated lands was efficient and cost effective as compared to the existing unlined water allocation channel. Construction and material cost was more as compared to unlined channel but it saved more than 50% water for development of an optimum irrigation scheme.

| Views 101 |

Development of an optimum irrigation scheme using least-cost path analysis and digital elevation modeling

Adriaensen FJP. 2003. The application of ‘least-cost’ modeling as a functional landscape model. Landscape and Urban Planning 64, 233-247.

Aissi H, Salem C, Vincent M. 2012. GIS-based Multicriteria Evaluation Approach for Corridor Siting. (Environment and Planning B-Planning & Design 39(2), 287–307.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1068/b37085).

Burrough PA. 1995. Spatial aspects of ecological data. In Data Analysis in Community andLandscape Ecology, 213–251.

RH, Jongman CJF, Ter Braak OFR, Van Tongeren eds. Wagenigen, The Netherlands: Cambridge University Press.

Chang KS. 2012. Introduction to Geographic Information Systems. McGraw-Hill: New York, 6th Edition.

Chyi RC, Wei LT, Yu FL. 2012. A GIS-dynamic segmentation approach to planning travel routes on forest trail networks in Central Taiwan. Landscape and Urban Planning 97, 221-228.

Dosskey MG, Eisenhauer DE, Helmers MJ. Establishing conservation buffers using precision information. Soil and Water Conservation. 60(6), 349-354.

Feldman SC, Ramona E, Pelletier EW, James C, Smoot, Douglas A. 1995. A Prototype for Pipeline Routing Using Remotely Sensed Data and Geographic Information System Analysis. Remote Sensing of Environment 53(2), 123-131.

Franklin JP, Mc Cullough, Gray C. 2000. Terrain Variables Used for Predictive.

Fried JS, Brown DG, Zweifler MO, Gold MA. 2000. Mapping contributing areas for storm water discharge to streams using terrain analysis. In Terrain Analysis: Principles and Applications 183-203. J. P. Wilson and J. C. Gallant, eds., New York, John Wiley & Sons.

Guy F, Eric L. 2004. Online article GIS-based Management system for irrigation Districts. Website

www.newideaFtCollins.htm.

Hector Valenzuela. 2012. (Online article on crop production guidelines and efficiency of localized irrigation methods. Website University of Hawaii, Hither. Last visited on 18/06/2012.

www.extento.edu/kbase/reports/dripirrigation.htm.

Hugh Turral. 1995. Recent trends in irrigation management changing directions for the public sector. Natural Resource Perspectives No 5, September 1995.

Hugh T, Mark S, Jean MF. 2010. Investing in irrigation: Reviewing the past and looking to the future. Agricultural Water Management 97, 551-560.

Kemal SG, Hasan D, Cigdem D. 2002. Creation of GIS supported database in irrigation Project Management. Agro environmental conference, 26-29 October 2002, Cairo, Egypt.

Knox JW, Kay MG, Weatherhead EK. 2012. Water regulation, crop production, and agricultural water management-Understanding farmer perspectives on irrigation efficiency. Agricultural Water Management 108, 3-8.

Lucina S, Isidor D, Playan E, Aragues R. 2010. Irrigation modernization and water conservation in Spain: The case of Riegosdel Alto Aragón. Agricultural Water Management 97, 1663-1675.

Mackey BG, Mullen IC, Baldwin KA, Gallant JC, Sims RA, Mckenney DW. 2000. Toward a Spatial Model of Boreal Forest Ecosystems: The Role of Digital Terrain Analysis. In Terrain Analysis: Principles and Applications 391-423. J. P. Wilson and J. C. Gallant, eds., New York, John Wiley & Sons. Mapping of Vegetation Communities in Southern California. In Terrain Analysis: Principles and Applications 331-53. J. P. Wilson and J. C. Gallant, eds., New York, John Wiley & Sons.

Mohammad A, Ali S, Majid B, Abd AN, Saeed BN, Mona G. 2010. Comparison of different irrigation methods based on the parametric evaluation approach in Dosalegh plain: Iran. Agricultural Water Management 97, 1093-1098.

Negash W. 2004. GIS Based Irrigation Suitability Analysis. (A Case Study of Abaya-Chambo Basin, Southern Rift Valley of Ethiopia). FWU, Vol. 4, Lake Abaya Research Symposium 2004.Page 79-89. Proceedings.

Rees WG. 2004. Least-cost Paths in Mountainous Terrain. Computers and Geosciences. 30(3), 203-209.

Sami AS. 2015. Evaluation of soil efficiency in wastewater treatment and simulating its transport: field and lab studies on the soil of waste water treatment at the downstream site of wadi Fatima Makkah province. (Master thesis, department of Hydrology King Abdul-Aziz University Jeddah Saudi Arabia.

Stefano B, Divide G, Francesco O. 2011. Routing of Power lines through least-cost path analysis and multicriteria evaluation to minimize environmental impacts. Environmental Impact Assessment Review 31, 234-239.

Sulebak JR. 2000. Applications of Digital Elevation Models. SINTEF Institute of Applied Mathematics. Department of Geographic Information Technology, White paper 2000.

Toriman ME, Mokhtar M. 2012. Irrigation: Types, Sources and Problems in Malaysia. Irrigation Systems and Practices in Challenging Environments, Dr. Teang Shui Lee (Ed.), ISBN: 978-953-51-0420-9 In Tech, Available from:

www.intechopen.com/books/irrigation-systems-and-practices-in-challenging-environments/irrigation-types-sources-andproblems-in-malaysia.

Aaftab Ahmad, Burhan A. M Niyazi, Chaabani Anis.
Development of an optimum irrigation scheme using least-cost path analysis and digital elevation modeling.
Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res. 12(2), 38-45, February 2018.
https://innspub.net/ijaar/development-optimum-irrigation-scheme-using-least-cost-path-analysis-digital-elevation-modeling/
Copyright © 2018
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
https://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update