International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

The effect of Terra preta media using pirolysis system on growth and production of corn (Zea mays L)

By: A. Sutopo, Yuliyanto

Key Words: Terra preta, Pyrolysis, Corn

Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res. 16(1), 16-21, January 2020.

Certification: ijaar 2020 0204 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Terra preta is a black soil found in the Amazon basin in the 15th century with the main characteristics of black and loose has the nature of resistant to leaching, able to provide and maintain nutrients in a very long time, whereas in Indonesia the availability of such land has not yet existed so it is necessary to make and apply terra preta soil with mineral soil base material mixed with charcoal, bones burned with pyrolysis combustion system and other organic materials. In enriching microorganisms, mycorrhizal fungi are added which function to increase nutrient absorption, increase plant resistance to biotic and abiotic stresses, able to maintain growth and production stability. The study aims to determine the effect of the application of terra preta planting media with pyrolysis combustion systems on the growth and production of corn plants using polybags. The results showed that the application of terra preta in general had a good effect on the growth and production of corn compared to plants that only used mineral soil or control media. Application of T1: 100% terra preta treatment on observations of plant height and stem diameter showed the best treatment. On observation of the number of leaves, of wet weight and dry weight of root, canopy, corn seed, corn cob and corn husk of T5 treatment: mineral soil + 15gr mycorrhizae + 80% terra preta showed the best treatment.

| Views 114 |

| Views 114 |

The effect of Terra preta media using pirolysis system on growth and production of corn (Zea mays L)

Adimihardja, Abdurachman. 2008. Teknologi Dan Strategi Konservasi Tanah Dalam Kerangka Revitalisasi Pertanian. Bogor. Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Sumberdaya Lahan Pertanian.

Gani, Anischan. 2009. Potensi Arang Hayati Biochar sebagai Komponen Teknologi Perbaikan Produktivitas Lahan Pertanian. Peneliti Balai Balai Besar Penelitian Tanaman Padi, Sukamandi 34-35.

Lehmann J, Rondon M. 2006. Biochar soil management on highly weathered soils in the humid tropics. p: 517-530 In Biological Approaches to Sustainable Soil Systems (Norman Uphoff et al., Eds.). Taylor & Francis Group PO Box 409267Atlanta, GA30384-9267.

Lehmann J, da Silva Jr JP, Steiner C, Nehls T, Zech W, Glaser B. 2003. Nutrient availability and leaching in an archaeological Anthrosol and a Ferralsol of the Central Amazon basin: fertilizer, manure and charcoal amendments. Plant and Soil 249, 343-357.

Sembiring M, Tryana, dan S Sinaga Tuti. 2003. Arang Aktif : Pengenalan dan Proses Pembuatan. Jurusan Teknik Industri Fakultas Teknik Universitas Sumatera Utara.

Soemeinaboedhy IN, Tejowulan RS. 2007. Pemanfaatan berbagai macam arang sebagai sumber unsur P dan K serta sebagai pembenah tanah. Jurnal Agroteksos 17(2), 115-121.

Talanca H. 2010. Status Cendawan Mikoriza Vesikular-Arbuskular (MVA) pada Tanaman. Prosiding Pekan Serealia Nasional.

Tirta GI. 2006. Pengaruh Kalium dan Mikoriza terhadap Pertumbuhan Bibit Panili (Vanilla planifolia Andrew)

Warnock DD, Lehmann J, Kuyper TW, Rillig MC. 2007. Mycorrhizal responses to biochar in soil – concepts and mechanism. Plant and Soil 300, 9-20.

A. Sutopo, Yuliyanto.
The effect of Terra preta media using pirolysis system on growth and production of corn (Zea mays L).
Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res. 16(1), 16-21, January 2020.
https://innspub.net/ijaar/effect-terra-preta-media-using-pirolysis-system-growth-production-corn-zea-mays-l/
Copyright © 2020
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
https://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update