International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Effects of invigoration and spacing on growth and seed production of four bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea (L) Verdc) Landraces

By: Happy Suryati, Satriyas Ilyas, Abdul Qadir, Bambang Budhianto

Key Words: Canopy, Hydropriming, Local landrace, Matriconditioning, Rhizobium sp.

Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res. 14(1), 16-25, January 2019.

Certification: ijaar 2019 0177 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Low production of bambara groundnut in Indonesia is due to low quality seeds and the use of less optimal cultivation technology. Objective of the research was to obtain information on the effects of invigoration and spacing on the growth and seed production of four of bambara groundnut landraces, namely Sumedang, Sukabumi, Tasikmalaya, and Gresik. Field experiment was conducted from November 2015 to June 2016 at Dramaga, Bogor and seed processing laboratory. The experiment utilized three replicate split plot design. Invigoration was the main plot that comprised of three levels, i.e without treatment, matriconditioning + Rhizobium sp., and hydropriming. Sub plot was the spacing that comprises of three levels, such as 40 x 10cm, 50 x 20cm, and 60 x 25cm. Result showed that invigoration increased the emergence field of four landraces, but did not increase plant height in all landraces. The spacing of 40 x 10cm increased plant height for Landrace Sumedang, Sukabumi and Tasikmalaya. Hydropriming increased the canopy diameter on the Sumedang and Tasikmalaya and the spacing of 60 x 25cm increased the canopy diameter for all landraces. Seeds without and with invigoration at a spacing of 60 x 25cm gave the highest yield of DW pods and DW pods per plot for all landraces. Invigoration with hydropriming at a spacing of 50 x 20cm and 60 x 25cm increased yield for all landraces. Seed germination was not affected by all invigoration and differences in spacing.

| Views 33 |

Effects of invigoration and spacing on growth and seed production of four bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea (L) Verdc) Landraces

Afzal I, Shahzad MAB, Ahmad N, Cheema MA, Warraich EA, Khalid A. 2002. Effect of priming and growth regulator treatment on emergence and seedling growth regulator treatments on emergence and seedling growth of hybrid maize (Zea Mays L.). Internat J of Agri and Biol 4, 303-306.

Arief R, Koes F. 2010. Seed Invigoration. Proceeding of National Cereals Week: Research Institute for Cereals.

Berchie JN, Adu- Dapaah H, Sarkodie-Addo J, Asare E, Agyemang A, Addy S, Donkoh J. 2010. Effect of seed priming on seedling emergence and establishment of four bambara groundnut (Vigna subterrenea (L). Verdc.) Landraces. Journal of Agronomy 9, 180-183.

El Naim AM, Eldouma MA, Abdalla AE. 2010. Effect of weeding frequencies and plant population on vegetative growth characteristic in groundnut (Arachis hypogea L.) in North Kordofan of Sudan. Int. J. Appl. Biol. Pharmaceut. Technol 1, 1188-1193.

Fitriesa S. 2015. Study on morphology and invigoration, as well as reducing N fertilizer to increase growth, yield, and quality of bambara groundnut’s seeds. Msc Thesis. Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia.

Hidayat N. 2008. Growth and production of peanuts (Arachis hypogae L.) local varieties of Madura at various spacing and phosphorus fertilizers. Agrovivor 1, 55-63.

Ilyas S, Sopian O. 2013. Effect of seed maturity and invigoration on seed viability and vigor, plant growth, and yield of Bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranean (L) Verdc). J. Acta Hort 979, 695-702.

Juwita L. 2012. Formation of base population to increase production of kacang bogor (Vigna subterranean L. Verdcourt) from Darmaga, Sukabumi, and Parung. Bachelor Miniscript. Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia.

Khan AA, Miura H, Prusinski J, Ilyas S. 1990. Matriconditioning of Seed to Improve Emergence. Proceeding of the Symposium on Stand Establishment of Horticultural Crops. Minnesota p. 19-40.

Mas’udah S. 2008. Effect of paclobutrazol on source-sink capacity in eight peanut varieties (Arachis hypogea L.) MSc thesis, Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia.

Mkandawire FL, Sibuga KP. 2002. Yield response of bambara groundnut to plant population and seedbed type. African Crop Science Journal 10, 39-49.

Modi AT. 2013. Pre-germination hydration affects seed performance in bambara groundnut. Sci. Res. Essays 8, 940-945.

Nurmauli N, Nurmiaty Y. 2010. Effect of hydration, dehydration, and NPK dose on viability of soybean’s seeds. J. Agritropika 15, 1-8.

Oosterhuis D, Kerby T, Hake K. 1990. Leaf physiology and management. Physiology Today. Newsletter of Cotton Physiology Education Program, National Cotton Council Technical Service. 6 p

Safiatou S. 2012. Effect of different seed priming methods on germination, seedling establishment and vigor in sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L) Moench) and bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranean (L) Verdc). MSc Thesis, School Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology. Ghana.

Sari R, Prayudyaningsih R. 2015. Rhizobium: Use it as nitrogen fixing bacteria. Ebony Technical Info 12, 51-64.

Sesay A, Yarmah A. 1996. Field studies on bambara groundnut in Sierra Leone. Proceeding of the International Bambara Groundnut Symposium : University of Nottingham, UK.

Sinefu F, Modi AT, Mabhaudhi T. 2011. Seed quality component of bambara groundnut landrace from Kwazulu-Natal South Africa. African Crop Science Conference Proccedings 10, 149-156.

Widajati E, Murniati E, Palupi ER, Kartika T, Suhartanto MR, Qadir A. 2013. Seed Science and Technology Fundamental. Bogor, ID: IPB Press.

Happy Suryati, Satriyas Ilyas, Abdul Qadir, Bambang Budhianto.
Effects of invigoration and spacing on growth and seed production of four bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea (L) Verdc) Landraces.
Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res. 14(1), 16-25, January 2019.
https://innspub.net/ijaar/effects-invigoration-spacing-growth-seed-production-four-bambara-groundnut-vigna-subterranea-l-verdc-landraces/
Copyright © 2019
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
https://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update