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Genetic diversity analysis of morpho-genetic traits and micronutrient concentration in chickpea genotypes

By: Shumaila Kousar, Muhammad Sohaib, Rao Touqeer Ahmed, Sana, Bilal Ahmed, Hamza Ali Khan

Key Words: Chickpea diversity, Correlation, Cluster analysis, Iron and Zinc concentration, Principal Component Analysis.

Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res. 14(5), 1-8, May 2019.

Certification: ijaar 2019 0184 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Chickpea is a major dietary crop having suitable amount of nutrition for human diet. To evaluate chickpea genotypes for yield and its components and seed mineral analysis, an experiment on 48 genotypes including both Desi and Kabuli types was performed. The diversity was evaluated with the help of Correlation analysis and multivariate analysis i.e. Principal component and Cluster analysis. A desirable amount of variation among genotypes was observed. A positive correlation was found for no. of primary branches, number of secondary branches, no. of pods per plant, hundred seed weight, harvest index and zinc concentration with seed yield. Principal component analysis revealed that the first four principal components described 90.745% cumulative variation for the investigated genotypes. Grain yield, harvest index, hundred seed weight, number of primary branches/plant, number of secondary branches per plant had positive relation with PC1. Hundred seed weight and biomass yield showed positive relation with PC2. Both qualitative traits i.e. Fe and Zn concentration had positive interaction with PC3. The fourth component PC4 had positive relation with Number of seeds/pods. The genotypes were clustered into four clusters using cluster analysis. The genotypes of Cluster III were superior for most of the studied traits. The study suggested that to improve nutritional values and yield potential of chickpea genotypes emphasis should be given to these clusters with desired traits for utilization in chickpea hybridization programs.

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Genetic diversity analysis of morpho-genetic traits and micronutrient concentration in chickpea genotypes

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Shumaila Kousar, Muhammad Sohaib, Rao Touqeer Ahmed, Sana, Bilal Ahmed, Hamza Ali Khan.
Genetic diversity analysis of morpho-genetic traits and micronutrient concentration in chickpea genotypes.
Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res. 14(5), 1-8, May 2019.
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