International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Growth and yield response of upland rice to nitrogen levels and weed control methods

By: J. A. Adigun, E. Kolo, O. R. Adeyemi, O. S. Daramola, A. A. Badmus, O. A. Osipitan

Key Words: Rice, Nitrogen, Pre-emergence herbicide, Weeds, Butachlor, Propanil

Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res. 11(6), 92-101, December 2017.

Certification: ijaar 2017 0062 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Field trials were conducted to evaluate the effect of nitrogen levels and weed control methods on growth and yield of rice at the Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta (07o15’N, 03o25’E) in the forest-savannah transition zone of South west Nigeria during the rainy seasons of 2014 and 2015. Three nitrogen levels (0, 60 and 90)kg ha-1 constituted the main plot treatments. The sub-plot treatments were seven weed control methods: Propanil +2, 4-D (Orizoplus) at 2.0kg a.i. ha-1; Orizoplus at 2.0kg a.i. ha-1 followed by supplementary hoe-weeding (fb SHW) at 6 weeks after sowing (WAS); Butachlor (Buster) at 1.0kg a.i. ha-1; Buster at 1.0kg a.i. ha-1 fb SHW at 6 WAS; two hoe-weedings at 3 and 6 WAS; three hoe-weedings at 3, 6 and 9 WAS (season-long weed control); and weedy check. Nitrogen level had no significant effect on weed growth. Rice growth and grain yield increased with increase in nitrogen level from 0 to 90kg ha-1. All weed control methods significantly reduced weeds with subsequent improved rice growth and yield compared with weedy-check. Pre-emergence application of Orizoplus at 2.0 or Buster at 1.0kg a.i. ha-1 fb SHW at 6 WAS provided weed control, and rice growth and yield similar to season-long weed control. Practical applications of this study are that increased nitrogen level and early weed control with a pre-emergence herbicide followed by supplementary weed removal at 6 WAS could help to improve growth and yield of upland rice.

| Views 96 |

Growth and yield response of upland rice to nitrogen levels and weed control methods

Adigun J, Osipitan AO, Lagoke ST, Adeyemi RO, Afolami SO. 2014. Growth and yield performance of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp) as influenced by row-spacing and period of weed interference in South-West Nigeria. Journal of Agricultural Science 6(4), 188-198.

Adigun JA, Adeyemi OR, Lagoke STO, Olorunmaiye PM, Daramola OS, Babatunde AO. 2016. Influence of Inter-Row Spacing and Weed Control Methods in Groundnut (Arachis hypogeal (L.) ASSET Journal in press.

Adigun JA, Lagoke STO, Adekpe IO. 2005. Efficacy of selected herbicides for weed control in upland rice. Agricultura Tropica Et. Subtropica, 38(4), 9-104.

Adigun JA, Lagoke STO, Kumar V, Erinle ID. 1993. Weed management studies in transplanted tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill) in the Nigeria Savanna Samaru Journal of Agricultural Research 10, 20-39.

Ahmed GJU, Bhuiyan MKA, Riches CR, Mortimer M, Johnson D. 2005. Farmer’s participatory studies of integrated weed management system for intensified lowland. Proceeding of the 8th Biennial Agronomy Convention, Bangladesh Agronomy Society, Dhaka 31-32.

Ahmed S, Awan TH, Salim M, Chauhan BS. 2015. Economics of Nitrogen and Integrated weed management in dry seeded rice. Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences 25(6), 1675-1684.

Akobundu IO. 1987. Weed science in the tropics. Principle and practices. Wiley Inter science. Chischester 33-35.

Alagesan A, Raja Babu C. 2011. Impact of Different Nitrogen Levels and Time of Application on Grain Yield and Yield Attributes of Wet Seeded Rice. International Journal of Food, Agricultural and Veterinary Science 1(1), 1-5.

Basak JK, Ali MA, Islam MN, Alam MJ. 2009. Assessment of the effect of climate change on boro rice production in Bangladesh using CERES-Rice model. In Proceedings of the international conference on climate change impacts and adaptation strategies for Bangladesh 103-113.

Baskin CC, Baskin JM. 2001. Seeds: Ecology, Biogeography and Evolution of Dormancy and Germination. Plant Ecology 152(2), 204-5.

Bouman BAM, Humphreys E, Tuong TP, Barker R, Donald LS. 2007. Rice and water. Advances in Agronomy 92,187-237.

FAO. 1996. Production statistics, Year book 50, 71.

FAO. 2001. FAO Statistical Databases. Available online at http://apps.fao.org/

FAO. 2004. IFA LF. Global estimates of gaseous emissions of NH3, NO and N2O from agricultural lands 1-22.

Gonzalez PR. 1998. Competition between barley and Lolium rigidum for nitrate. Weed Research 38, 453-460.

Good AG, Shrawat AK, Muench DG. 2004. Can less yield more? Is reducing nutrient input into the environment compatible with maintaining crop production? Trends in Plant Science 9, 597-605.

Gupta AK, Singh Y, Jain AK, Singh D. 2014. Prevalence and incidence of bakanae disease of rice in northern India. Journal Agricultural Search 1, 233-237.

Imeokparia PO, Okusanya BA. 1997. Relative effectiveness and economics of cultural and chemical control methods in lowland Rice (Oriza sativa) in the southern guinea savanna of Nigeria. Nigeria Journal of Weed Science 10, 35-47.

Ismaila U, Kolo MGM, Gbanguba UA. 2011. Efficacy and Profitability of some Weed Control Practices in Upland Rice (Oryza sativa L.) at Badeggi. Nigeria American Journal of Experimental Agriculture 1(4), 174-186.

Jana RK, De Dattta SK. 1975. Effect of solar energy and soil moisture content on nitrogen responses of upland rice. In: J.S Kanwar, Biswas eds Bainas, D.R Bhumbla and J.D on soil fertility evaluation. Indian Society of science. Indian Agricultural Research Institute New Delhi pp 487-497.

Kumar A, Dixit S, Ram T, Yadaw RB, Mishra KK, Mandal NP. 2014. Breeding high-yielding drought-tolerant rice: genetic variations and conventional and molecular approaches. Journal of experimental botany 65(21), 6265-6278.

Lagoke ST, Eni E, Adigun JA, Phillip BB. 2014. Influence of Intercropped groundnut (Arachis hypogeae) on the performance of Weed control treatments in maize production. International Journal of Agronomy and Agricultural Research 5(6), 1-8.

Lampayan RM, Bouman BAM, Dios JLD, Espirity AJ, Soriano JB, Lactaoen AT, Faronilo JE, Thant KM. 2010. Yield of aerobic rice in rainfed lowlands of the Philippines as affected by nitrogen management and row spacing. Field Crops Research 116, 165-174.

Mandana T, Akif G, Ebrahim A, Azin NZ. 2014. Effect of nitrogen on rice yield, yield components and quality parameters. African Journal of Biotechnology 13, 91-105.

Osipitan OA, Adigun JA, Kolawole RO. 2016. Row spacing determines critical period of weed control in crop: cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) as a case study. Azarian Journal of Agriculture, 3(5), 90-96.

Osipitan OA, Adigun JA, Lagoke STO, Afolami SO. 2013. Effect of inter-row spacing and weed control methods on growth and yield of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. walp) in South Western Nigeria. Nigeria Journal of Plant Protection, 27, 97-111.

Padhan D, Chakraborty M, Sen A. 2016. Fertility Status of Rice Growing Soils Belonging to Different Land Types Under the Western Central Tableland Agro-climatic Zone of Odisha. International Journal of Ecology and Environmental Sciences 42(1), 39-45.

Parthipan T, Ravi V, Subramanian E, Ramesh T. 2003. Integrated Weed Management on Growth and Yield of Transplanted Rice and its Residual Effect on Succeeding Black gram. Journal of Agronomy    12, 99-103.

Rodenburg J, Johnson DE. 2009. Weed management in rice-based cropping systems in Africa. Advances in Agronomy 103, 149-217.

Saeed M, Khaliq A, Cheema`ZA, Ranjha AM. 2010. Effect of nitrogen levels and weed-crop competition durations on yield and yield components of maize. Journal of Agricultural Research 48, 471-481.

Satorre EH, Snaydon RW. 1992. A comparison of root and shoot competition between spring cereals and Avena fatua L. Weed Research 32, 45-55.

Shahidul HB, Min YE, Romij MD, Tae SP, Hang WK, Do SK, Park KW. 2011. Weed Population Dynamics under Climatic Change. Asian Journal of Turfgrass Science 25(1), 174-182.

Sharma RP, Pathatk SK, Singh RC. 2007. Effect of nitrogen and weed management in direct-seeded rice under upland condition. Indian Journal of Agronomy 52(2), 114-119.

J. A. Adigun, E. Kolo, O. R. Adeyemi, O. S. Daramola, A. A. Badmus, O. A. Osipitan.
Growth and yield response of upland rice to nitrogen levels and weed control methods.
Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res. 11(6), 92-101, December 2017.
https://innspub.net/ijaar/growth-yield-response-upland-rice-nitrogen-levels-weed-control-methods/
Copyright © 2017
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
https://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update