International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Performance of chickpea (Cicer arietinum) and mustard (Brassica campestris) as a mixed crop in the coastal region of Bangladesh

By: G. N. Hasan, M. H. Khan, M. M. Islam, M. S. I. Khan, P. Chakraborti, R. Akter, M. R. Islam

Key Words: Chickpea, Chickpea Equivalent Yield (CEY), Mixed cropping, Mustard.

Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res. 13(2), 43-49, August 2018.

Certification: ijaar 2018 0133 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

On-Farm experimental trial were conducted on the field of Multi Location Testing (MLT) site at Amtali, Borguna and Farming System Research & Development (FSRD) site Razakhali, Dumki, Patuakhali during the Rabi season of 2014-2015.The experiment was laid out in RCB design with six treatments i.e. T1: Chickpea 100%, T2: 100% Mustard, T3:100% chickpea + 15% Mustard, T4: 100% chickpea + 20% Mustard, T5: 100% chickpea + 25% Mustard, T6: 100% chickpea + 30% Mustard were used in the trial.In this trial campestris group of mustard & high yielding Chickpea varieties was used. Results revealed that the yield of chickpea decreased with the increase of mustard population in the mixed cropped situation in both the locations. At Razakhali, the highest Chickpea Equivalent yield (1730 kg/ha) was recorded from T3:100% chickpea + 15% Mustard treatment followed by T4: 100% chickpea + 20% Mustard (1640 kg/ha). The highest gross margin Tk. 44260 and lowest gross margin Tk. 14270 was also obtained from T3 and T1 respectively. At Amtali location the highest Chickpea Equivalent yield (1575 kg/ha) was observed from treatment T3:100% chickpea + 15% Mustard followed by T4: 100% Mustard(1480 kg/ha). Accordingly the highest gross margin Tk. 35180 and lowest gross margin Tk. 15070was obtained from T3 and T1 respectively. The height BCR 1.74 & 1.59 was also found from T3 treatment in both the locations respectively. From the result of this on farm trial it is apparent that, mixed cropping is more profitable than the sole cropping and risk of cultivation of one crop can be reduced by mixed cropping.

| Views 48 |

Performance of chickpea (Cicer arietinum) and mustard (Brassica campestris) as a mixed crop in the coastal region of Bangladesh

Alom MS, Paul NK, Quayyum MA. 2008. Performance of hybrid maize (Zea mays L.) under intercropping systems with mungbean in different planting methods. SAARC Journal of Agriculure.6, 73-82.

Anil L, Park J, Phipps RH, Miller FA. 1998. Temperate intercropping of cereals for forage: a review of the potential for growth and utilization with particular reference to the UK. Grass forage science. 53, 301-317.

Awal MA, Kothi H, Ikeda T. 2006, radiation interception and use by maize/peanut intercrop canopy. Agriculture for Meteorol. 139, 73-84.

Bandyopadhyay SK. 1984. Nitrogen and water relations in grain sorghum legume intercropping systems. Ph. D. Dissertation, Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI), New Delhi- 110012, India.

Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. (BBS). 2014. Yearbook of Agricultural Atatistics of Bangladesh. Reproduction, documentation and publication wing, BBS, secretariat, Dhaka.

Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS). 2013. Statistical year book of Bangladesh for 2012. Dhaka, Bangladesh: statistics division, ministry of planning, government of Bangladesh.

Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. (BBS). 2014. Statistical year book of Bangladesh for 2013. Dhaka, Bangladesh: statistics division, ministry of planning, government of Bangladesh.

Bulson HAJ, Snaydon RW, Stopes CE. 1997. Effects of plant density on intercropped wheat and filed beans in an organic farming system. Journal of agricultural science 128, 59-71.

Jensen ES, Hauggaard-nielsen H, Kinane J, Andersen MK, Jornsgaard B. 2005. Intercropping – the practical application of diversity, competition and facilitation in arable organic cropping systems. In: kopke U, niggli U, neuhoff D, lockeretz W, willer H (Eds) researching sustainable systems 2005. Proceedings of the first scientific conference of the international society of organic agricultural research (isofar), bonn, Germany, 2005, 22-25 p.

Jodha NS, Subbarao KV. 1987. The chickpea. In: chickpea: world importance and distribution (ends: m. C. Saxena and K. B. Singh), cab international, Wallingford, Oxon, UK. 1-10 p.

Mamuna NM, Choudhury DA, Ibrahim M, Hossain MA, Kabira HMF. 2002, performance of chilli as intercropped with mustard. Journal of Biological Science 5(9), 909-910.

Ofori F, Stern WR. 1987. Cereal-legume intercropping systems. Advance Agronomy. 41, 41-90.

Rahman ML, Zilani MA. 2009. Agricultural Research Priority: vision- 2030 and beyond Bangladesh Agricultural Research Council, Farmgate. Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Razzaque MA, Rafiguzzaman S, Bazzaz MMM, Ali A, Talukdar MMR. 2007. Study on the intercropping groundnut with chilli at different plant populations. Bangladesh Journal of Agricultural Research. 32(1), 37-43.

Samsuzzaman S, Karim MMA, Ali MA, Mohiuddin M. 1995. Performance of mustard (Brassica juncea) and chickpea (Cicer arietinum) intercropping at varying levels of population in the farmers’ field. Journal of Bioscience 3, 171-176.

Sarkar RK, Pal PK. 2004. Effect of intercropping rice (Oryza sativa) with groundnut (Arachis hypogea) and Pigeonpea (Cajanas cajan) under different row orientations on rainfed uplands. Indian J. Agron. 49 (3), 147-150.

Singh U, Jambunathan R. 1989. Pulses as a substitute for animal protein. The proceedings of advances in pulses research in Bangladesh, national workshop on pulses, june 6–8. (191-97). BARI, Joydebpur, Bangladesh.

Singh KK, Rathi KS. 2003. Dry matter production and productivity as influenced by staggered sowing of mustard intercropped at different row ratios with chickpea. J. Agron. Crop sci. 189, 169-175.

Theunissen J. 1997. Intercropping in field vegetables as an approach to sustainable horticulture. Outlook agr. 26, 95- 99.

Vandermeer J. 1989. The ecology of intercropping. Cambridge university press, Great Britain 237.

G. N. Hasan, M. H. Khan, M. M. Islam, M. S. I. Khan, P. Chakraborti, R. Akter, M. R. Islam.
Performance of chickpea (Cicer arietinum) and mustard (Brassica campestris) as a mixed crop in the coastal region of Bangladesh.
Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res. 13(2), 43-49, August 2018.
https://innspub.net/ijaar/performance-chickpea-cicer-arietinum-mustard-brassica-campestris-mixed-crop-coastal-region-bangladesh/
Copyright © 2018
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
https://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update