International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Potato viruses on cultivated Solanaceae species in mix and sole cropping systems in Cameroon

By: Godwill Mih Chewachong, Nchongboh Chofong Gilbert, Achiangia Patrick Njukeng

Key Words: Potato viruses, Cultivated Solanaceae spp., Prevalence, Mixed cropping

Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res. 16(3), 24-37. March 2020.

Certification: ijaar 2020 0213 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

The role of potato in assuring food security of poor resource farmers in the Western Highlands of Cameroon cannot be over emphasized. Unfortunately, the incidence of potato viruses remains a major limiting factor threat­ening sustainable potato produc­tion in Cameroon. The prevalence of six potato viruses; Potato virus X (PVX), Potato virus A (PVA), Potato leaf roll virus (PLRV), Potato virus Y (PVY), Potato virus M (PVM) and Potato virus S (PVS) was evaluated in the western highlands of Cameroon. Surveys of these viruses were conducted in four Solanaceae species; Solanium tuberosum, S. scabrum, S. capsicum, Lycopersicon esculentum, in sole and mixed cropping systems. They were identified and assayed by Nitrocellulose Membrane Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay (NCM-ELISA) for the prevalence of viruses. NCM-ELISA tests revealed that the six viruses infect Solanaceae species to a varying extent. Potato virus Y (PVY) was predominant followed by Potato virus X (PVX), Potato virus A (PVA), Potato virus S (PVS), Potato virus M (PVM) and Potato leaf roll virus (PLRV). Mixed and single infections were recorded. Our results also showed single, double, triple, quadruple and quintuple infections at 41.89, 21.78, 16.2, 17.87 and 2.23%, respectively. Information obtained from this research will serve as the basis for developing effective control measures against these viruses.

| Views 25 |

| Views 25 |

Potato viruses on cultivated Solanaceae species in mix and sole cropping systems in Cameroon

Abbott JA. 1999. Quality measurement of fruits and vegetables. Postharvest Biology and Technology 15, 207-225.

Ali M, Nasiruddin K, Haque M, Faisal S. 2014. Virus elimination in potato through meristem culture followed by thermotherapy. SAARC Journal of Agriculture 11, 71-80.

Annis B, Berry RE, Tamaki G. 1982. Host preferences of the green peach aphid, Myzus persicae (Hemiptera: Aphididae). Environmental Entomology 11, 824-827.

Aquino V, Espino T, Tisalona L, Flores C. 1996. Isolation, transmission, propagation and purification of major potato viruses: potato virus X (PVX), potato virus Y (PVY) and potato leaf roll virus (PLRV). 27. Anniversary and Annual Scientific Meeting of the Pest Management Council of the Philippines, Inc., Davao City (Philippines), 7-10 May 1996.

Astier S, Albouy J, Maury Y, Lecoq H. 2001. Principles of plant virology: genome, pathogenicity, virus ecology. Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique.

Ata A, Allen D, Thottappilly G, Rossel H. 1982. Variation in the rate of seed transmission of cowpea aphid-borne mosaic virus in cowpea. Tropical grain legume bulletin.

Balachandran S, Hurry V, Kelley S, Osmond C, Robinson S, Rohozinski J, Seaton G, Sims D. 1997. Concepts of plant biotic stress. Some insights into the stress physiology of virus‐infected plants, from the perspective of photosynthesis. Physiologia Plantarum, 100, 203-213.

Banttari E, Orr P, Preston D. 1990. Purple top as a cause of potato chip discoloration. Trans ASAE,   33, 221-226.

Bokx J, Ghaffari H. 1969. Detection of potato viruses X, Z and A by rubbing infectious foliage onto A6-test leaves, [sn].

Boonham N, Walsh K, Preston S, North J, Smith P, Barker I. 2002. The detection of tuber necrotic isolates of Potato virus Y, and the accurate discrimination of PVY O, PVY N and PVY C strains using RT-PCR. Journal of virological methods 102, 103-112.

Bosland PW, Votava EJ, Votava EM. 2012. Peppers: vegetable and spice capsicums. Cabi.

Bridge J, Price NS, Kofi P. 1995. Plant parasitic nematodes of plantain and other crops in Cameroon, West Africa. Fundamental and Applied Nematology 18, 251-260.

Brunt AA, Crabtree K, Dallwitz M, Gibbs A, Watson L. 1996. Viruses of plants. Descriptions and lists from the VIDE database. Cab International.

Büchen-Osmond C. 1987. Potato Y potyvirus in: Plant Virus Online. Descriptions and Lists from the VIDE database (http://biology.anu.au/Groups/ MES/vide/descr652. htm).

Chandra S, Mondy N. 1981. The effect of potato virus X on the nitrogenous constituents of potatoes. Experientia 37, 577-578.

Clark MF, Adams A. 1977. Characteristics of the microplate method of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for the detection of plant viruses. Journal of General Virology 34, 475-483.

DeBokx J, Piron P. 1977. Effect of temperature on symptom expression and relative virus concentration in potato plants infected with potato virus YN and YO. Potato Research 20, 207-213.

Delhey R. 1981. Incidence of viruses S and M on potato crops in Argentina. Fitopatologia 16, 1-5.

Eigenbrode SD, Ding H, Shiel P, Berger PH. 2002. Volatiles from potato plants infected with potato leafroll virus attract and arrest the virus vector, Myzus persicae (Homoptera: Aphididae). Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences 269, 455-460.

Elena SF, Bedhomme S, Carrasco P, Cuevas JM, de la Iglesia F, Lafforgue G, Lalić J, Pròsper À, Tromas N, Zwart MP. 2011. The evolutionary genetics of emerging plant RNA viruses. Molecular plant-microbe interactions, 24, 287-293.

Faccioli G. 2001. Control of potato viruses using meristem and stem-cutting cultures, thermotherapy and chemotherapy. In: Virus and virus-like diseases of potatoes and production of seed-potatoes, Springer, pp. 365-390.

Fereres A. 2000. Barrier crops as a cultural control measure of non-persistently transmitted aphid-borne viruses. Virus research 71, 221-231.

Fondong V, Ntonifor C, Gass T. 1991. SURVEY AND IDENTIFICATION OF POTATO VIRUSES IN THE WESTERN HIGHLANDS OF CAMEROON. Symposium on Tropical Root Crops in a Developping Economy 380, pp. 514-514.

Fontem D. 2001. Influence of rate and frequency of Ridomil Plus applications on late blight severity and potato yields in Cameroon. African Crop Science Journal 9, 235-243.

Fontem D, Aighewi B. 1993. Effect of fungicides on late blight control and yield loss of potato in the western highlands of Cameroon. International Journal of Pest Management, 39, 152-155.

Fontem D, Gumedzoe M, Nono-Womdim R. 1999. Biological constraints in tomato production in the western highlands of Cameroon. Tropicultura    16, 89-89.

Fox A, Collins L, Macarthur R, Blackburn L, Northing P. 2017. New aphid vectors and efficiency of transmission of Potato virus A and strains of Potato virus Y in the UK. Plant Pathology 66, 325-335.

Frank SA. 1996. Models of parasite virulence. The Quarterly review of biology 71, 37-78.

Fribourg C, Nakashima J. 1984. Characterization of a new potyvirus from potato. Phytopathology 74, 1363-1369.

Fuglie KO. 2007. Priorities for potato research in developing countries: Results of a survey. American Journal of Potato Research 84, 353-365.

García-Arenal F, Fraile A, Malpica JM. 2001. Variability and genetic structure of plant virus populations. Annual review of phytopathology        39, 157-186.

García-Arenal F, McDonald BA. 2003. An analysis of the durability of resistance to plant viruses. Phytopathology 93, 941-952.

Gebre SK, Marchoux G, Delecolle B, Pochard E. 1985. Variability of natural strains of potato virus Y infecting peppers in south-eastern France. Characterization and classification into 3 pathotypes. Agronomie (France).

Gibb K, Padovan A. 1993. Detection of sweet potato feathery mottle potyvirus in sweet potato grown in northern Australia using an efficient and simple assay. International Journal of pest management 39, 223-228.

Grogan R. 1981. The science and art of plant-disease diagnosis. Annual Review of Phytopathology 19, 333-351.

Guo DP, Guo YP, Zhao JP, Liu H, Peng Y, Wang QM, Chen JS, Rao GZ. 2005. Photosynthetic rate and chlorophyll fluorescence in leaves of stem mustard (Brassica juncea var. tsatsai) after turnip mosaic virus infection. Plant Science 168, 57-63.

Gutiérrez S, Michalakis Y, Munster M, Blanc S. 2013. Plant feeding by insect vectors can affect life cycle, population genetics and evolution of plant viruses. Functional Ecology 27, 610-622.

Hamilton R. 1985. Virus transmission. In: The plant viruses, Springer, pp. 245-267.

Heiser CB, Smith PG. 1953. The cultivated Capsicum peppers. Economic Botany 7, 214-227.

Hill E, Hill J, Durand D. 1984. Production of monoclonal antibodies to viruses in the potyvirus group: use in radioimmunoassay. Journal of general virology 65, 525-532.

Hiruki C. 1970. Red Kidney Bean, a useful bioassay host for qualitative and quantitative work with Potato virus M. Phytopathology 60, 739-740.

Hooker WJ. 1981. Compendium of potato diseases. International Potato Center.

Jayasinghe U, Chuquillanqui C. 1989. Use of indicator plants for detection of potato viruses. International Potato Center.

Jeffries CJ. 1998a. Technical guidelines for the safe movement of germplasm. Nº19 Potato. Rome 177.

Jeffries CJ. 1998b. Potato. Bioversity International.

Jeger MJ. 2009. Epidemiology of Plant Disease. eLS.

Jones R. 1990. Strain group specific and virus specific hypersensitive reactions to infection with potyviruses in potato cultivars. Annals of Applied Biology 117, 93-105.

Jones R, Rupert E, Barnett O. 1981. Virus infection of Trifolium species in cell suspension cultures. Phytopathology 71, 116-119.

Kaniewski W, Lawson C, Sammons B, Haley L, Hart J, Delannay X, Tumer NE. 1990. Field resistance of transgenic russeet burbank potato to effects of infection by potato virus X and potato virus Y. Bio/technology 8, 750-754.

Karyeija R, Kreuze J, Gibson R, Valkonen J. 2000. Synergistic interactions of a potyvirus and a phloem-limited crinivirus in sweet potato plants. Virology 269, 26-36.

Kerlan C, Tribodet M, Glais L, Guillet M. 1999. Variability of potato virus Y in potato crops in France. Journal of Phytopathology 147, 643-651.

Lajeunesse MJ, Forbes MR. 2002. Host range and local parasite adaptation. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences      269, 703-710.

Lee M, Bottner KD, Secor G, Rivera-Varas V. 2006. ‘Candidatus Phytoplasma americanum’, a phytoplasma associated with a potato purple top wilt disease complex. International Journal of systematic and evolutionary microbiology 56, 1593-1597.

Loebenstein G, Thottappilly G. 2013. Virus and virus-like diseases of major crops in developing countries. Springer Science & Business Media.

López-Delgado H, Mora-Herrera M, Zavaleta-Mancera H, Cadena-Hinojosa M, Scott I. 2004. Salicylic acid enhances heat tolerance and potato virus X (PVX) elimination during thermotherapy of potato microplants. American Journal of Potato Research 81, 171-176.

MacLachlan D, Larson RH, Walker JC. 1953. Strain interrelationships in potato virus A.

Martin C, Demo P, Gass T, Fondong V, Koi J. 1995. Development of a seed production system from in-vitro in Cameroon: Experiences from the first two years. American Journal of Potato Research 72, 299-302.

Matthews G, Wiles T, Baleguel P. 2003. A survey of pesticide application in Cameroon. Crop Protection 22, 707-714.

Mauck K, BosquePérez NA, Eigenbrode SD, Moraes CM, Mescher MC. 2012. Transmission mechanisms shape pathogen effects on host–vector interactions: evidence from plant viruses. Functional Ecology 26, 1162-1175.

Maule AJ, Caranta C, Boulton MI. 2007. Sources of natural resistance to plant viruses: status and prospects. Molecular Plant Pathology 8, 223-231.

Mayo M, Ziegler-Graff V. 1996. Molecular biology of luteoviruses. Advances in virus research 46, 413-460.

McDonald J, Singh R. 1996. Host range, symptomology, and serology of isolates of potato virus Y (PVY) that share properties with both the PVY N and PVY O strain groups. American Journal of Potato Research 73, 309-315.

McKinlay R. 1985. Effect of undersowing potatoes with grass on potato aphid numbers. Annals of Applied Biology 106, 23-29.

Moury B, Desbiez C, Jacquemond M, Lecoq H. 2006. Genetic diversity of plant virus populations: towards hypothesis testing in molecular epidemiology. Advances in Virus Research 67, 49-87.

Ndamukong K, Ntonifor N, Mbuh J, Atemnkeng A, Akam M. 2006. Molluscicidal activity of some Cameroonian plants on Bulinus species. East African Medical journal 83.

Njukeng A, Atiri G, D’A HUGHES J, Agindotan B, Mignouna H, Thottappilly G. 2002. A sensitive TAS-ELISA for the detection of some West African isolates of Yam mosaic virus in Dioscorea spp. Tropical science 42, 65-74.

Njukeng A, Atiri G, Hughes JA, Winter S. 2004. Development of serological procedures for rapid, sensitive and reliable detection of yam mosaic virus in yam tissues. Tropical science 44, 136-147.

Njukeng A, Chewachong M, Chofong G, Demo P, Sakwe P, Njualem K. 2013a. Determination of scanned virus-free potato planting materials by positive selection and screening of tubers from seed stores in the western highlands of Cameroon. International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences 7, 707-716.

Njukeng PA, Chewachong, GM, Sakwe P, Chofong G, Nkeabeng L, Demo P, Njualem K. 2013b. Prevalence of six viruses in potato seed tubers produced in informal seed system in the North West region of Cameroon. Cameroon Journal of Experimental Biology 9, 44-49.

Olet EA, Heun M, Lye KA. 2006. A new subspecies of Solanum scabrum Miller found in Uganda. Novon: A Journal for Botanical Nomenclature 16, 508-511.

Perez P, Collar J, Avilla C, Duque M, Fereres A. 1995. Estimation of vector propensity of potato virus Y in open-field pepper crops of central Spain. Journal of economic entomology 88, 986-991.

Petrunak D, Gildow F, Christ B. 1991. Incidence and distribution of six viruses infecting potatoes in Pennsylvania. Plant Disease 75.

Power A, Flecker A. 2003. The Importance of Species: Perspectives on Expandability and Triage.

Purcifull D, Edwardson J. 1981. Potexviruses, Vol. 627, Elsevier/North-Holland, Amsterdam.

Rahoutei J, GarcíaLuque I, Barón M. 2000. Inhibition of photosynthesis by viral infection: effect on PSII structure and function. Physiologia Plantarum 110, 286-292.

Reckhaus P, Nienhaus F. 1981. Etiology of a virus disease of white yam (Dioscorea rotundata) in Togo/Untersuchungen zur Ätiologie einer Viruskrankheit an Yam (Dioscorea rotundata) in Togo. Zeitschrift für Pflanzenkrankheiten und Pflanzenschutz/Journal of Plant Diseases and Protection 492-509.

Roberts F. 1948. Experiments on the spread of potato virus X between plants in contact. Annals of Applied Biology 35, 266-278.

Romancer Ml, Kerlan C. 1994. Biological characterisation of various geographical isolates of potato virus Y inducing superficial necrosis on potato tubers. Plant Pathology, 43, 138-144.

Salazar L. 1971. Estudios sobre metodos de diagnosticos del virus X de papa. Invest Agropecu.

Salazar LF. 1987. La détection des virus dans la production de plants de pommes de terre. LA POMME DE TERRE: BULLETINS D’INFORMATION TECHNIQUE [Perú]. 1, 123-128.

Salazar LF. 1996. Potato viruses and their control. International Potato Center.

Seal S, Vanden Bosch F, Jeger M. 2006. Factors influencing begomovirus evolution and their increasing global significance: implications for sustainable control. Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences 25, 23-46.

Sertkaya E, Sertkaya G. 2005. Aphid transmission of two important potato viruses, PVY and PLRV by Myzus persicae (Sulz.) and Aphis gossypii (Glov.) in Hatay Province of Turkey. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences 8, 1242-1246.

Šip V. 1972. Eradication of potato viruses A and S by thermotherapy and sprout tip culture. Potato Research 15, 270-273.

Stevenson WR, Loria R, Franc GD, Weingartner D. 2001. Compendium of potato diseases. American Phytopathological Society St. Paul^ eMinnesota Minnesota.

Struik PC, Wiersema SG. 1999. Seed potato technology. Wageningen Academic Pub.

Van Regenmortel M, Dubs M. 1993. Serological procedures. Diagnosis of plant virus diseases 159-214.

Wang Q, Valkonen J. 2009. Improved recovery of cryotherapy-treated shoot tips following thermotherapy of in vitro-grown stock shoots of raspberry (Rubus idaeus L.). Cryoletters 30, 171-182.

Waterhouse B, Moises H, Woodward D. 1981. Alpha-receptor-mediated facilitation of somatosensory cortical neuronal responses to excitatory synaptic inputs and iontophoretically applied acetylcholine. Neuropharmacology 20, 907-920.

Whitworth JL, Nolte P, McIntosh C, Davidson R. 2006. Effect of Potato virus Y on yield of three potato cultivars grown under different nitrogen levels. Plant Disease 90, 73-76.

Wilson C, Jones R. 1993. Resistance to potato leafroll virus infection and accumulation in potato cultivars, and the effects of previous infection with other viruses on expression of resistance. Crop and Pasture Science 44, 1891-1904.

Woolhouse ME, Taylor LH, Haydon DT. 2001. Population biology of multihost pathogens. Science 292, 1109-1112.

Wright GC, Bishop GW. 1981. Volunteer potatoes as a source of potato leafroll virus and potato virus X. American Potato Journal 58, 603-609.

Wróbel S. 2014. Modification of ELISA by replacing incubation of microtiter plates in an incubator with their shaking in PVY, PVM and PLRV detection. American Journal of Potato Research 91, 354-362.

Zitter TA. 1977. EPIDEMIOLOGY OF APHID–BORNE VIRUSES. In: Aphids as virus vectors, Elsevier, pp. 385-412.

Godwill Mih Chewachong, Nchongboh Chofong Gilbert, Achiangia Patrick Njukeng.
Potato viruses on cultivated Solanaceae species in mix and sole cropping systems in Cameroon.
Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res. 16(3), 24-37. March 2020.
https://innspub.net/ijaar/potato-viruses-cultivated-solanaceae-species-mix-sole-cropping-systems-cameroon/
Copyright © 2020
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
https://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update