Potato viruses on cultivated Solanaceae species in mix and sole cropping systems in Cameroon
By: Godwill Mih Chewachong, Nchongboh Chofong Gilbert, Achiangia Patrick Njukeng
Key Words: Potato viruses, Cultivated Solanaceae spp., Prevalence, Mixed cropping
Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res. 16(3), 24-37. March 2020.
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The role of potato in assuring food security of poor resource farmers in the Western Highlands of Cameroon cannot be over emphasized. Unfortunately, the incidence of potato viruses remains a major limiting factor threatening sustainable potato production in Cameroon. The prevalence of six potato viruses; Potato virus X (PVX), Potato virus A (PVA), Potato leaf roll virus (PLRV), Potato virus Y (PVY), Potato virus M (PVM) and Potato virus S (PVS) was evaluated in the western highlands of Cameroon. Surveys of these viruses were conducted in four Solanaceae species; Solanium tuberosum, S. scabrum, S. capsicum, Lycopersicon esculentum, in sole and mixed cropping systems. They were identified and assayed by Nitrocellulose Membrane Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay (NCM-ELISA) for the prevalence of viruses. NCM-ELISA tests revealed that the six viruses infect Solanaceae species to a varying extent. Potato virus Y (PVY) was predominant followed by Potato virus X (PVX), Potato virus A (PVA), Potato virus S (PVS), Potato virus M (PVM) and Potato leaf roll virus (PLRV). Mixed and single infections were recorded. Our results also showed single, double, triple, quadruple and quintuple infections at 41.89, 21.78, 16.2, 17.87 and 2.23%, respectively. Information obtained from this research will serve as the basis for developing effective control measures against these viruses.
Potato viruses on cultivated Solanaceae species in mix and sole cropping systems in Cameroon
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Potato viruses on cultivated Solanaceae species in mix and sole cropping systems in Cameroon.
Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res. 16(3), 24-37. March 2020.
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