International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Production and seed quality enhancement of kayeli local rice by fertilization

By: Injilia Apriani Thenu, Memen Surahman, Endah Retno Palupi

Key Words: Indica, Agronomic character, KNO3, After-ripening

Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res. 12(3), 65-73, March 2018.

Certification: ijaar 2018 0093 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Local varieties of rice are valuable germplasms and need to be conserved for breeding, moreover some of them are considered as precious for local festivity. Thus best cultivation technique is needed and the seed has to be made available. The research was aimed to obtain the optimum dose of fertilizer application for seed production and to investigate the after ripening duration of local rice seed of Kayeli. The research was conducted in West Halmahera, North Maluku from October 2016 to Juli 2017. The research was arranged in completely randomized blocked design with two factors. The first factor was four levels of NPK (15:15:15) dose, i.e.  0 kg ha-1, 125 kg ha-1, 250 kg ha-1, and 375 kg ha-1. The second factor was three levels of biofertilizer (bokashi) of 0 ton ha-1, 10 ton ha-1, 20 ton ha-1 and 30 ton ha-1. The result showed that combination of NPK and bokashi increased the plant height and total number of tillers,but the higher doses decreased the yield components.The combination of NPK at 125 kg ha-1 and Bokashi at 10 ton ha-1gave the highest seed production.The after ripening of Kayeli seeds last until 6-8 weeks after harvest.

| Views 34 |

Production and seed quality enhancement of kayeli local rice by fertilization

[BBPTP]. Balai Besar Penelitian Tanaman Padi. 2010. Deskripsi varietas padi. Badan penelitian dan pengembangan pertanian. Departemen Pertanian.

[BPS]. Badan Pusat Statistik West Halmahera. 2014. West Halmahera Distric in fig.s. West Halmahera (ID). BPS West Halmahera.

[Dirjen TP] Direktorat Jenderal Tanaman Pangan. 2009. Persyaratan dan Tatacara Sertifikasi Benih Bina Tanaman Pangan. Jakarta. Jakarta. Indonesia.

[KEPMENTAN]. Keputusan menteri pertanian Indonesia No.335/HK.130/C/05. 2015. Pedoman teknis sertifikasi benih tanaman pangan. Departemen Pertanian. Jakarta 14.

Abidin Z. 1987. Dasar-dasar pengetahuan tentang zat pengatur tumbuh. Angkasa. Bandung. Indonesia

Bakhtiar, Hasanuddin T, Hidayat. 2014. The identification some upland rice superior varieties in Aceh Besar. Journal Agrista 17(2), 49-54.

Hiddink GA, Termorshuizen AJ, Raaijmakers JM, va Brugge AHC. 2005. Effect of mixed and single crops on disease suppressiveness of soils. Phytopathology 95, 1325-1332.

Ilyas S, dan WT Diarni. 2007. Persistence and breaking seed dormancy of land rice cultivars. Jurnal Agrista 11(2), 92-101.

Jufri A, Rosjadi M. 2012. Pengaruh Zeolit dalam pupuk terhadap pertumbuhan dan produksi padi sawah di Kabupaten Badung Provinsi Bali. Jurnal. Sains dan Teknologi Indonesia 14(3), 161-166.

Kharismayani I. 2010. Studyafter-ripening atseveral varieties of upland rice.Bsc Thesis. Bogor (ID). Bogor Agriculture University. Bogor. Kusuma ME. 2012. The influence of some types of manure on the quality of bokashi. Journal Tropikal animal science 1(2), 41-46.

Manalu VMP, Wirnas D, Sudarsono. 2017. Selection characters in Early Generation for Adaptation of Rice to High-Temperature Stress. Journal Agron. Indonesian 45(2), 109-116.

Mawardiana, Sufardi, Husen E. 2013. Effect of biochar residues and NPK fertilization on soil chemical properties and growth and yield of rice crops of the third planting season. Journal Conservation of land resources 1(1), 16-23.

Mezuan IP, Handayani, Endang Inoriah. 2002. Aplication of different biofertilizer formulation in upland rice. Journal Indonesian agricultural sciences 4(1), 27-34.

Nazirah L, Damanik BSJ. 2015. Growth and yield of three varieties of upland rice on fertilizer. Journal Floretek (10), 54-60.

Nurseha, Sagala D, Rajab H. 2012. Response of Highland Rice Situ Bagendit Variety to the Various Method of Manure Managemen. Journal Agroqua 10(2), 34-38.

Pasaribu A, Kardhinata EH, Bangun MK. 2013. Test of several varieties of irrigated wetland rice (Oryza sativa L.) and potassium fertilizer application (KCL) to increase production and collapse resistance. Journal Online Agrotechnology 1(2), 45-57.

Putra S. 2012. Effect of NPK single, compound and leaf fertilizer to increase upland rice yield of Situ Patenggang. Journal Agrotrop 2(1), 55-61.

Rahman FH, Sumadi dan Nuraini A. 2014. Effect of P and bokashi fertilizer application on growth, yield components and seed quality of soybean (Glycine max L. (merr)) Journal Agri. Sci. 1(4), 254-261.

Santika A. 2006. Testing techniques of dormancy period of rice seed (Oryza sativa L.) . Bogor. Bulletin of Agricultural Engineering 11(2), 67-71.

Shaheen AM, Mouty MMA, Ali AH, Rizk FA. 2007. Natural and chemical phosphorus fertilizers as affected onion plant growth, bulbs yield and its some physical and chemical properties. Austral. Journal Basic Appl. Sci. (1), 519-524.

Soejadi, Nugraha US. 2001. Efficacy study of seed dormancy breaking. JournalAgricultural Research of Food Crops (20), 72-80.

Syamsudin TS, Aktaviyani S. 2012. Application of fertilization on organic rice farming using system of rice intensification (SRI) method in Sukakarsa village. Journal Agroland 16 (1).

Wahyuni S, Kadir TS, Nugraha US. 2006. The yield and quality of the upland rice seeds in the environment grew differently. JournalAgricultural research of food crops 25(1), 30-37.

Wahyuni S, Nugraha US, Soejadi. 2004. Dormancy characterization and effective methods for breaking dormancy seeds of rice germplasm.  Research agency for rice crops. Subang. Indonesian. pp 23, 02.

Injilia Apriani Thenu, Memen Surahman, Endah Retno Palupi.
Production and seed quality enhancement of kayeli local rice by fertilization.
Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res. 12(3), 65-73, March 2018.
https://innspub.net/ijaar/production-seed-quality-enhancement-kayeli-local-rice-fertilization/
Copyright © 2018
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
https://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update