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Productivity and quality of sugar beet as affecting by sowing and irrigation methods and hill spacings

By: HM Sarhan

Key Words: Sugar beet, Sowing methods, Mechanical sowing, Manual sowing, Irrigation methods, Hill spacings, Plant populations, Plant densities, Yield, Quality

Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res. 15(5), 28-37, November 2019.

Certification: ijaar 2019 0202 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Two field experiments were carried out at Kalabsho Experimental Farm, Dakahlia Governorate, Sugar Crops Research Institute, Agricultural Research Center, Egypt, during 2014/2015 and 2015/2016 seasons to study the effect of sowing methods (mechanical and manual methods), irrigation methods (surface and drip irrigation system) and hill spacings (10, 15 and 20cm between hills) on yield and its components, as well as quality of sugar beet cv. Hossam as a multigerm variety under sandy soil conditions. The obtained results could be summarized as follows; the optimum sowing method that produced the highest values of yield and its components as well as root quality parameters was mechanical sowing method (planter machine) in both seasons. Irrigation sugar beet plants by using drip irrigation system yielded the highest values of yield and its components as well as root quality parameters and followed by using surface flooding irrigation system in both seasons. Planting sugar beet seeds on one side of the ridge, 60cm width, and 20cm between hills, resulting plant population density 35000 plants/fed produced, the highest values of yield and its components and root quality parameters and followed by planting on 15cm between hills, resulting plant population density 46666 plants/fed and finally planting on 10cm between hills, resulting plant population density 70000 plants/fed in the two seasons. From the obtained data in this study, it can be concluded that sowing sugar beet using mechanical sowing method (planter machine), irrigation by using drip irrigation system and planting on one side of the ridge, 60cm width, and 20cm between hills, resulting plant population density 35000 plants/fed in order to maximizing its productivity and quality under the environmental conditions of sandy soil in Kalabsho region, Dakahlia Governorate, Egypt.

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Productivity and quality of sugar beet as affecting by sowing and irrigation methods and hill spacings

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HM Sarhan.
Productivity and quality of sugar beet as affecting by sowing and irrigation methods and hill spacings.
Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res. 15(5), 28-37, November 2019.
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