International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Response of cassava ( Manihot esculenta CRANTZ) Varieties to dry season planting in port harcourt, Rivers state, Nigeria

By: Orluchukwu Joseph Amadi, Okolie Henry, DumkhanaKarasira

Key Words: Cassava-varieties, Dry season, Drought, Niger Delta.

Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res. 12(5), 1-8, May 2018.

Certification: ijaar 2018 0097 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

The trial on responses of cassava varieties to dry season cropping in Port Harcourt, Rivers State was conducted at the Teaching and Research farm of the University of Port Harcourt, Rivers State of Nigeria. The aim of the research was to determine the best cassava variety that can withstand drought and perform better in the dry season within the area. A complete randomized block design with three replicates on each planting date was adopted. Two cassava varieties- TMS 30572 (Brown skin) and TMS 98/0505 (Off- white skin) were used for the study due to its availability within the region. The dry season dates chosen for planting were December 21, 2010 (Dry-season); January 21, 2011 (Dry-season+ Harmattan); and February 21, 2011(Dry-season + 4 conventional rains). The result of the trial showed that the cassava variety- TMS 98/0505 is more tolerant to drought and less tolerant to the cloudiness of the rainy period in the Port Harcourt area than TMS 30572.On yield, TMS 98/0505 produced 7.0tons/ha in December, 5.52 tons/ha in January and 3.89 tons/ha in February planting, While TMS 30572 produced 5.57tons/ha in December, 5.05 tons/ha in January and 5.77 tons/ha in February. Therefore TMS 98/0505 is recommended for planting in Port Harcourt, Rivers State during the dry season period. This will bring about all year round planting of this very important crop which will lead to increased or even doubled production of cassava for domestic, industrial and export purposes.

| Views 103 |

Response of cassava ( Manihot esculenta CRANTZ) Varieties to dry season planting in port harcourt, Rivers state, Nigeria

AdjeiNsiahS, Kuyper TW, Leesis C, Abekoe MK Giller KE. 2007. Evaluating sustainable and profitable cropping sequences with cassava and four grain legumes crops: Effect on soil fertility and maize yields in the forest /savannah transitional agro-ecological zones of Ghana. Field crops res.2007; pages 103,87-97.

Balagoplan C.  2004. Cassava Utilization in Foods, Feed and Industry pages119-122.

Burns HK. Redolf KL, Genos KM. 2010. Cropping systems in cassava productivity. pages 50-55.

El-Sharkawy MA.2004. “Cassava Biology and Physiology,” Plant Molecular Biology, 56(4),481- 501.

El-SharkawyMA, de TafurSM, CadavidLF, 1992. “Potential Photosynthesis of Cassava as Affected by Growth Conditions,” Crop Science, 32(6),1336-1342 p.

El-Sharkawy MA. 2006.International Research on Cassava Photosynthesis, Productivity, Eco-physiology, and Responses to Environmental Stresses in the Tropics,” Pho-tosynthetica, 44(4),481-512 p.

Fermont AM.  2009.“Cassava and Soil Fertility in Intensifying Smallholder Farming Systems of East Africa,” Ph.D. Thesis, Wageningen Agricultural University, Wageningen, The Netherlands,

Food and Agricultural Organisation 2013. Cassava Processing and Utilization. Public Journal 55, 66-68 p.

FAOSTAT.2010. Food and Agricultural Commodities Production. pages 118-122.

International Institute of Tropical Agriculture. 1990. Cassava in Tropical Africa: A reference manual, Ibadan, Nigeria.

International Institute of Tropical Agriculture. 2012. New Cassava for Cameroon: A technical guide, IITA

Jarvis A, Ramirez-Villegas J, Campo BVH, Navarro-RacinesC. 2012. “Is Cassava the Answer to African Climate Change Adaptation,” Tropical Plant Biology5(1),9-29 p.

Lebot V.  2009. Tropical Root and Tuber Crops Pages 117 – 119

Marcelis LFM, Heuvelink E. 2002. The latest developments in the lightning technologies in dutch horticulture. ActaHort580, 35-42.

NAERLS. 2010.Cassava production, processing and utilization in Nigeria, An Extension Bulletin No.224.

Nwankwo CN, Ehirim CN.  2010. Evaluation of aquifer characteristic and ground water  quantity using geo-electrical method in Choba, Port Harcourt. Journal of scholar research library(2).396-403.

Nweke FI. 2003. New challenges in the cassava transformation in Nigeria and Ghana. Conference paper 108. Paper presented at the WVENT, IFPRI, NEPADCTAconference. Succession African Agriculture reform 1and 3 December, 2003.

Pellet D, El-Sharkawy MA. 1993. “Cassava Varietal Response to Phosphorus Fertilization. I.Yield, Biomass and Gas Exchange,” Field Crops Research35(1),1-11.

Philip Tayior L, Sanni R, Okechukwu C, Ezedinma M, Akoroda J,  Lemchi P, Illona F. Ogbe E, Okoro, AGO Dixon.  2005. The Nigerian cassava industry: Statistical handbook, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA),Ibadan, p94.

Pujol B, Gigot G, Laurent G, Pinheiro M, Elias M, Hossaert M, McKey D. 2005. Germination ecology of cassava (Manihotesculenta) in traditional ecosystems: seed and seedling biology of a vegetative propagated domestic plant. pages 366-379.

Romanoff S, Lynam J. 1992 “Cassava and African Food Security: Some Ethnographic Examples,”Ecology of Food Nutrition, 27, 1992, pp. 29-41.

Ugwu BO, Ukpabi UJ. 2002. Potential of soy-cassava flour processing to sustain cassava production in Nigeria outlook on agriculture31(2), 129-133.

Orluchukwu Joseph Amadi, Okolie Henry, DumkhanaKarasira.
Response of cassava ( Manihot esculenta CRANTZ) Varieties to dry season planting in port harcourt, Rivers state, Nigeria.
Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res. 12(5), 1-8, May 2018.
https://innspub.net/ijaar/response-cassava-manihot-esculenta-crantz-varieties-dry-season-planting-port-harcourt-rivers-state-nigeria/
Copyright © 2018
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
https://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update