International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Response of maize productivity to nitrogen fertilizer and spraying with blue green algae extract

By: Rasha SA El-Moursy, Abido WAE, Badawi MA

Key Words: Maize, Nitrogen fertilizer, Blue green algae extract, Growth, Yield, Grains quality.

Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res. 14(2), 10-20.

Certification: ijaar 2019 0182 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

The main purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the impact of nitrogen fertilizer and spraying with blue green algae extract levels on the productivity of maize. Two field experiments were conducted at private farm at Algraydh Village, Bialla district, Kafrelshiekh Governorate, Egypt during 2017 and 2018 seasons. The treatments were allocated in a strip-plot design with four replications. The vertical-plots were devoted to nitrogen fertilizer levels (60, 80, 100 and 120kgN fed-1). While, the horizontal-plots were assigned to spraying with blue green algae levels (without as control, 1.5, 3.0, 4.5 and 6.0g L-1). Increasing fertilizer levels up to 120kg N fed-1 significantly exceeded other levels of nitrogen fertilizer and produced the highest averages of growth characters, yield and grain quality, followed by using 100kg N fed-1 and there is no significant differences between them in most studied growth characters and yields in both seasons. Foliar spraying with 6.0g L-1 significantly surpassed other treatments and recorded the maximum averages of growth, yield and its components and grains quality of maize, followed by spraying plants with 4.5g L-1 and without significant differences between them in all studied characters in both seasons. Generally, mineral fertilizing maize with 100kgN fed‑1 (saved 20kgN fed‑1) beside spraying with algae extract at 4.5g L-1 were recommended for enhancing productivity and seed quality of maize moreover, reducing the pollution resulted from high levels of mineral nitrogen fertilizer under the environmental conditions of Kafrelshiekh Governorate Egypt.

| Views 22 |

Response of maize productivity to nitrogen fertilizer and spraying with blue green algae extract

Abd El-Mawgoud AMR, Tantawy AS, El-Nemr MA, Sassine YN. 2010. Growth and yield responses of strawberry plants to chitosan application. European Journal of Scientific Research 39 (1), 161-168.

Abebe Z, Feyisa H. 2017. Effects of nitrogen rates and time of application on yield of maize: rainfall variability influenced time of N application.  International Journal of Agronomy, ID 1545280, p 10.

Abera T, Debele T, Wegary D. 2017. Effects of varieties and nitrogen fertilizer on yield and yield components of maize on farmers field in mid altitude areas of Western Ethiopia. International Journal of Agronomy, ID 4253917, p 13.

Aghdam SM, Yeganehpoor F, Kahrariyan B, Shabani E. 2014. Effect of different urea levels on yield and yield components of corn 704. International journal of Advanced Biological and Biomedical Research 2(2), 300-305.

Ali N, Anjum MM. 2017. Effect of different nitrogen rates on growth, yield and quality of maize. Middle East Journal of Agriculture Research 6(1), 107-112.

Almodares A, Jafarinia M, Hadi MR. 2009. The effects of nitrogen fertilizer on chemical compositions in corn and sweet sorghum. American- Eurasian Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Science 6, 441-446.

AOAC. 2007. Official Methods of Analysis. 18th Ed. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Inc., Gaithersburg, MD, Method 2007.04.

Arora M, Kaushik A, Rani N, Kaushik CP. 2010. Effect of cyanobacterial exopolysaccharides on salt stress alleviation and seed germination. Journal of Environmental Biology 3(5), 701-704.

Aziz MA, Hashem MA. 2004. Role of cyanobacteria on yield of rice in saline soil. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences 7, 309-311.

Brady NC, Weil R. 2002. The Nature and Properties of Soils. 13th Ed., Prentice Hall, NJ., p 960.

Brady NC, Weil RR. 2008. Soil Colloids: Seat of Soil Chemical and Physical Acidity. In: Brady N.C., Weil R.R., ed. The Nature and Properties of Soils. Pearson Education Inc.; Upper Saddle River, NJ, USA., pp 311-358.

Cheema MA, Farhad W, Saleem MF, Khan HZ, Munir A, Wahid MA, Rasul F, Hammad HM. 2010. Nitrogen management strategies for sustainable maize production. Crop and Environment 1(1), 49-52.

Chen J. 2006. The combined use of chemical and organic fertilizers for crop growth and soil fertility. International Workshop on Sustained Management of the Soil-Rhizosphere System for Efficient Crop Production and Fertilizer Use. 16-20th of October, Thailand.

Enan SAAM, El-Saady AM, El-Sayed AB. 2016. Impact of foliar feeding with alga extract and boron on yield and quality of sugar beet grown in sandy soil. Egyptian Journal of Agronomy 38 (2), 319-336.

FAO. 2018. Food and Agricultural Organization, FAO Yearbook Production. Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations, Rome 54, p 115.

Gardner FP, Pearce RB, Michell RL. 1985. Physiology of crop plant. Iowa State Univ. Press Ames. Iowa. USA pp 58-75.

Ghalab AM, Salem SA. 2001. Effect of bio-fertilizer treatments on growth, chemical composition and productivity of wheat grown under different levels of NPK fertilization. Annals of Agricultural Science Cairo 46, 485-509.

Gomez KN, Gomez AA. 1984. Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research. John Wiley and Sons, New York, 2nd Ed p 68.

Gruzska M, Ohse S, Pereira AB, Dias CTDS. 2016. Corn yield as a function of amounts of nitrogen applied in bands. African Journal of Agricultural Research 11(20), 1805-1814.

Haque MM, Hamid A, Bhuiyan NI. 2001. Nutrient uptake and productivity as affected by nitrogen and potassium application levels in maize/sweet potato intercropping system. Korean Journal of Crop Science 46, 1-5.

Iqbal A, Ayoub M, Zaman H, Ahmed R. 2006. Impact of nutrient management and legumes association on agro qualitative traits of maize forage. Pakistan Journal of Botany 38(4), 1079-1084.

Karasu A. 2012. Effect of nitrogen levels on grain yield and some attributes of some hybrid maize cultivars (Zea mays indentata Sturt.) grown for silage as second crop. Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science 18(1), 42-48.

Khan HZ, Malik MA, Saleem MF. 2008. Effect of rate and source of organic material on the production potential of spring maize (Zea mays L.). Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Science 45(1), 40-43.

Ling F, Moshe S. 2002. Response of maize to foliar vs. soil application of nitrogen- phosphorus-potassium fertilizers. Journal of Plant Nutrition 25(11), 2333-2342.

Marrez DA, Naguib M, Sultan YY, Daw ZY, Higazy AM. 2014. Evaluation of chemical composition for Spirulina platensis in different culture media. Research Journal of Pharmaceutical, Biological and Chemical Sciences 5(4), 1161-1171.

Pavão AR, Filho JBSF. 2011. Impactos econômicos da introdução do milho Bt11 no Brasil: uma abordagem de equilíbrio geral inter-regional. Revista de Economia e Sociologia Rural 49(1), 81-108.

Purcell LC, Rosalind AB, Reaper DJ, Vories ED. 2002. Radition use efficiency and biomass production in soybean at different plant population densities. Crop Science 42(1), 172-177.

Raupp J, Oltmanns M. 2006. Farmyard manure, plant based organic fertilizers, inorganic fertilizer – which sustains soil organic matter best? In: Aspects of Applied Biology, Assoc. Applied Biologists 79, pp 273-276.

Sadasivam S, Manickam A. 1996. Biochemical Methods, 2nd Ed., New Age International. India.

Seadh SE, Attia AN, El-Moursy SA, Said EM, El-Azab AAS. 2013. Productivity of maize as affected by organic, foliar and nitrogen fertilization levels. World Research Journal of Agronomy 2(1), 30-36.

Shaaban MM. 2001. Green microalgae water extract as foliar feeding to wheat plants. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences 4(6), 628-632.

Shanahan JF, Kitchen NR, Raun WR, Schepers JS. 2008. Responsive in-season nitrogen management for cereals. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture 61, 51-62.

Snedecor GW, Cochran WG. 1980. Statistical Methods. 7Th Ed. Iowa State University Press, Iowa, USA., PP 507.

Vonshak A, Richmond A. 1988. Mass Production of the Blue-green Alga Spirulina: An Overview. Biomass 15, 233-247.

Yassen AA, Badran NM, Zaghloul SM. 2007. Role of some organic residues as tools for reducing metals hazard in plant. World Journal of Agricultural Sciences 3(2), 204-209.

Zeleke A, Alemayehu G, Yihenew GS. 2018. Effects of planting density and nitrogen fertilizer rate on yield and yield related traits of maize (Zea mays L.) in Northwestern, Ethiopia. Advances in Crop Science and Technology 6(2), 1-5.

Zhang X, Ervin EH. 2004. Cytokinin-containing seaweed and humic acid extracts associated with creeping bentgrass leaf cytokinins and drought resistance. Crop Science 44(5), 1737-1745.

Rasha SA El-Moursy, Abido WAE, Badawi MA.
Response of maize productivity to nitrogen fertilizer and spraying with blue green algae extract.
Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res. 14(2), 10-20.
https://innspub.net/ijaar/response-maize-productivity-nitrogen-fertilizer-spraying-blue-green-algae-extract/
Copyright © 2019
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
https://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update