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Response of maize (Zea mays L.) against aqueous extracts of Diodia scandens and Croton hirtus weed species

By: Dan David Quee, Johnny Ernest Norman, Musa Decius Saffa

Key Words: Maize, Aqueous extracts, Croton hirtus, Diodia scandens, Concentrations.

Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res. 13(2), 63-70, August 2018.

Certification: ijaar 2018 0135 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

The response of maize against Diodia scandens and Croton hirtus aqueous extracts were carried out under laboratory conditions. The importance of this study was to create consciousness in maize farmers about the allelopathic effect of Diodia scandens and Croton hirtus, if not properly controlled will cause economic losses in maize production. The phytotoxic properties of these weeds can also be used as a tool for controlling weeds in crops as the technology is easily transferable to farmers in low-input maize farming systems. The experiment consisted of six concentration levels and two aqueous extracts, laid out as a 2 × 6 factorial arranged in completely randomized design (CRD) with three replicates. The aqueous extracts showed considerable inhibitions with increase in concentration on germination percentage, number of seedling growth, root and shoot lengths, and seedling dry biomass compared with distilled water treated control. The results acquired proved that the degree of retardation in all growth parameters appeared to be more pronounced in maize seeds treated with Croton hirtus aqueous extracts. Statistical analysis (P < 0.05) revealed that there were significant differences in germination %, number of seedling growth, root and shoot lengths of maize treated with different concentrations of both aqueous extracts when compared to the values obtained from the control experiment. While other concentrations (10, 20, 40 and 50 grams) in the seedling dry biomass showed no significant difference between both aqueous extracts. Field trials are suggested for further clarifications of allelopathic activity of Diodia scandens and Croton hirtus on maize.

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Response of maize (Zea mays L.) against aqueous extracts of Diodia scandens and Croton hirtus weed species

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Dan David Quee, Johnny Ernest Norman, Musa Decius Saffa.
Response of maize (Zea mays L.) against aqueous extracts of Diodia scandens and Croton hirtus weed species.
Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res. 13(2), 63-70, August 2018.
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