International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Assessment of genetic diversity in different genotypes of mustard (Brassica juncea L.)

By: Kirshan Kumar Menghwar, Jay Kumar Soothar, Tanweer Fatah Abro, Tarique Ahmed Baloch, Feroz Gul Nizamani, Mukesh Kumar Soothar, Wahid Dino Sipio, Mohsin Ali Khaskheli

Key Words: Genetic diversity, Genotypes, Mustard.

Int. J. Biosci. 15(2), 297-304, August 2019.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/15.2.297-304

Certification: ijb 2019 0090 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

The present study is about the estimation of genetic diversity among oilseed cultivars based on morphological characterization to fill the gap between production and consumption of edible oil. The research was conducted during 2017-2018 in Randomized Complete Block Design with six genotypes like juncea Group, Mirpur bithoro-I, Samara road-II, UCD-5/12, P-53-126/40, Rainbow and JS-13 (check) repeated in triplicate at Oilseeds Research Section Tandojam to determine the mean performance and genetic diversity on different genotypes of mustard (Brassica juncea L.). The results showed that all the genotypes had dissimilarity and significant differences (P <0.01) for growth and yield performance for all parameters. Mean performance indicated that among the cultivars UCD-5/12 surpassed all genotypes for days to 75% flowering (58.33), branches plant-1 (7.53) and yield (1133.9 kg ha-1). P-53-126/40 and Rainbow showed highest values in plant population plot-1 (159.00) and day to 90% maturity (127.65). More number of pods plant-1 (544.8) and yield plant-1 (25.68 g) were recorded in Samara road-II. Mirpur bithoro-I and JS-13 indicated maximum plant height (162.27cm), seed index (1000 grain weight, g) (4.62) and oil content (36.54%) respectively. Considering the genetic distance, out of 15 pair of comparisons, 3 pairs showed the highest genetic distance which can extensively be utilized in heterosis breeding; however, 12 pairs of comparisons revealed narrow genetic distance, which may be proved useful in backcross breeding programs. In total, first three principal component accounted 80.1% variability, which is considered very high and could be utilized for further breeding programs in mustard.

| Views 38 |

Assessment of genetic diversity in different genotypes of mustard (Brassica juncea L.)

Avtar R, Manmohan M,  Jattan, Rani B, Kumari N, Thakral NK, Sheoran RK. 2017. Evaluation and diversity analysis in Indian mustard (Brassica juncea L.) germplasm accessions on the basis of principal component analysis. Journal of Applied & Natural Science 9(4), 2485- 2490.

https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v9i4.1558

Bibi T, Riaz A, Mahmood T, Akhter M, Haider Z, Riaz M. 2017. Genetic divergence of quantitative traits in Brassica juncea L. genotypes based on multivariate analysis. Asian Research Journal of Agriculture 3(4), 1-8.

http://dx.doi.org/10.9734/ARJA/2017/31449

Chandra K, Pandey A, Mishra SB. 2018. Genetic diversity analysis among Indian mustard (Brassica juncea L.) genotypes under rain fed condition. International Journal of Current. Microbiology & Applied Science 7(3), 256-268.

https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.703.030

Gomez, KA, Gomez AA. 1984. Statistical procedure for Agricultural research. John wiley and sons Inc. 2nd (Ed) New York, U.S.A.

Iqbal S, Farhatullah S, Shah M, Kanwal L, Fayyaz, Afzal M. 2014. Genetic variability and heritability studies in indigenous Brassica rapa accessions. Pakistan Journal of Botany 46(2), 609-612.

Khan FA, Muhammad Y, Ghulam M. 2005. Correlation and factor wise contribution of the characters related to yield and quality of Brassica juncea L. International Journal of Agriculture & Biology 7(2), 257-259.

http://dx.doi.org/1560–8530/2005/07–2–257–259

Khan MH, Ali MM, Vhuiyan SR, Mahmud F. 2013. Genetic divergence in rapeseed-mustard (Brassica rapa L.). Bangladesh Journal of Agriculture Research 38(3), 417-423.

Kumar R, Singh GS, Singh J, Kumar H. 2016. Study of correlation and path coefficient analysis in germplasm lines of Indian mustard (Brassica juncea L.). Agricultural Science Digest 36(2), 92-96.

http://dx.doi.org/10.18805/asd.v36i2.10625

Kumari A, Kumari V. 2018. Studies on genetic diversity in Indian mustard (Brassica juncea L.) for morphological characters under changed climate in the mid-hills of Himalayas. Journal of Pharmaceutical Innovation 7(7), 290-296.

Mustafa HSB, Mahmood T, Hassan E, Hassan M, Hameed A, Siddique F, Tayyab M. 2017. Seed yield evaluation and association between yield components in different advanced lines of mustard (Brassica juncea L.). Speciality Journal of Agricultural Sciences 3(2), 8-13.

Neeru, Thakral NK, Avtar R, Singh A. 2015. Evaluation and classification of Indian mustard (Brassica juncea L.) genotypes using principal component analysis. Journal of Oilseed Brassica 6(1), 167-174.

Pandey R, Kumar B, Kumar M. 2013. Genetic divergence for quantitative traits in Indian mustard (Brassica juncea L.). American-Eurasian Journal of Agricultural & Environmental Science 13(3), 348-351.

Rakow G, Woods DL. 1987. Out crossing in rape and mustard under Saskatchewan prairies conditions. Journal of Plant Science 67(1), 147-151.

https://doi.org/10.4141/cjps87-017

Sandhu R, Rai SK, Bharti R, Kour A, Gupta SK, Verma A. 2017. Studies on genetic diversity among various genotypes of Brassica napus L. using morphological markers. International Journal of Current Microbiology & Applied Science 6(7), 469-480.

https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.607.056

Tudu VK, Kumar A, Rani V. 2018. Assessment of genetic divergence in Indian mustard (Brassica juncea L.) based on yield attributing traits. Journal of Pharma & Phytochemicals 1(1), 2093-2096.

Verma U, Thakral NK, Neeru. 2016. Genetic diversity analysis in Indian mustard (Brassica juncea L.) International Journal of Applied Mathematics & Statistical Science (3), 25-34.

Kirshan Kumar Menghwar, Jay Kumar Soothar, Tanweer Fatah Abro, Tarique Ahmed Baloch, Feroz Gul Nizamani, Mukesh Kumar Soothar, Wahid Dino Sipio, Mohsin Ali Khaskheli.
Assessment of genetic diversity in different genotypes of mustard (Brassica juncea L.).
Int. J. Biosci. 15(2), 297-304, August 2019.
https://innspub.net/ijb/assessment-genetic-diversity-different-genotypes-mustard-brassica-juncea-l/
Copyright © 2019
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
https://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update