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Assessment of heavy metal concentration in poultry meat collected from chromate mining area of Balochistan, Pakistan

By: Shahida, Khalid Mehmood, Kulsoom Baloch, Adeela Anwar, Naheeda Jalal, Nida Nazar

Key Words: Chicken meat, Heavy metals, Minerals, Chromate mines, Broiler, Domestic.

Int. J. Biosci. 15(2), 132-140, August 2019.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/15.2.132-140

Certification: ijb 2019 0074 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Chicken meat and its products are the excellent and cheaper source of protein and nutrition in the third world population but contamination of the foodstuffs by toxic metals is a clear warning and their long-term exposure has negative effects on the human health. Therefore, to assess the contamination of heavy metals a comparative study has designed to monitor the heavy metals i.e Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, and Zn in broiler and domestic reared chicken samples (liver, kidney, and heart). The present study is focused on determination of trace metals concentration in domestic reared and broiler chicken collected from chromate mining area of Balochistan, Pakistan. The heavy metals in chicken samples were analyzed using atomic absorption spectroscopy.  The result of the study shows elevated level for heavy metals in broiler chicken as compared to domestic reared chicken specially in liver, which was Pb,1.09±0.78mg/L, Cd,1.47±0.82mg/L, Cr,1.55±0.81mg/L, Fe,3.31±2.0478mg/L, Zn,0.81±0.67mg/L and Cu,0.51±0.02mg/L followed by broiler kidney which was Pb,2.85±2.76mg/L, Cd,1.25±1.51mg/L, Cr,1.81±0.50mg/L, Fe,3.17±1.65mg/L, Zn,1.17±1.38mg/LandCu,0.19±0.15mg/L and then in heart which was Pb,0.06±0.07mg/L,Cd,0.57±0.49mg/L,Cr,0.32±0.24mg/L,Fe,0.69±1.00mg/L,Zn,0.87±0.85mg/L, Cu,0.27±0.3

5mg.The highest value of Fe, Cr, Cd, and Pb was observed in broiler chicken samples while Cu and Zn were at low level as compared to domestic reared chicken samples.

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Assessment of heavy metal concentration in poultry meat collected from chromate mining area of Balochistan, Pakistan

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Shahida, Khalid Mehmood, Kulsoom Baloch, Adeela Anwar, Naheeda Jalal, Nida Nazar.
Assessment of heavy metal concentration in poultry meat collected from chromate mining area of Balochistan, Pakistan.
Int. J. Biosci. 15(2), 132-140, August 2019.
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