International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Assessment of population dynamics and breeding habitat diversity of Culex quinquefasciatus

By: Sisir Kumar Nayak, Surya Narayan Swain, Tapan Kumar Barik

Key Words: Culex mosquitoes, Breeding Preference Ratio (BPR), Container Index (CI), House Index (HI)

Int. J. Biosci. 12(6), 183-192, June 2018.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/12.6.183-192

Certification: ijb 2018 0059 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Mosquitoes are the most important group of insects well known for the public health importance. Mosquito vector control remains the cornerstone for the control of vector borne diseases. Larval control is the initial step in mosquito vector control, since they are killed at the breeding sites, prior to dispersing and infesting a community. Therefore, identification of breeding sites appears to be an easier means to check the mosquito population. Containers in and around human habitation are probably the most important factors facilitating the breeding of mosquito vectors. The present study was undertaken to determine the breeding preferences of Culex mosquitoes by conducting larval survey in 6 different localities of Ganjam district of Odisha state, India. Larval survey was carried out in outdoor as well as indoor containers and the Breeding Preference Ratio (BPR) was calculated. Result of current study showed a high BPR value (14.70%) for the indoor containers. In all most all study area, high rate of breeding preference was also observed for cement tanks in outdoor and plastic buckets in indoor studies. To support the study further, the Container Index (CI) and House Index (HI) percentages were also calculated. The CI% was found more in indoor and HI% was found more in outdoor studies respectively.

| Views 43 |

Assessment of population dynamics and breeding habitat diversity of Culex quinquefasciatus

Aigbodion FI, Anyiwe MA. 2005. Some economic costs of malaria in Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Entomology 22, 93-107.

Ali NM, Khan K, Kausar A. 2013. Study on mosquitoes of Swat Ranizai sub division of Malakand. Pakistan Journal of Zoology 45(2), 503-510.

Braga IA, Valle D. 2007.Aedesaegypti: vigilância, monitoramento da resistência e alternativas de controle no Brasil. EpidemiolServSaude16, 295–302.

Chen CD, Nazni WA, Lee HL, Sofan-Azirun M. 2005.Weekly variation on susceptibility status of Aedes mosquitoes against temephos in Selangor, Malaysia. Tropical Biomedicine 22, 195-206.

Dame D, Fasulo TR. 2003. Mosquitoes. In: Public health pesticide applicator training manual for USA and its territories. Gainesville University of Florida, USA.

Eshita Y, Kurihara T. 1978. Studies on the habitats of Aedes albopictus and Aedes riversi in the Southwestern part of Japan.Japanese Journal of Sanitary Zoology 30, 181-86.

Gautam A, Mihir P, Gautam S. 2006. Larval habitats and species composition of mosquitoes in Darjeeling, Himalayas.Journal of Vector Borne Diseases 43, 7-15.

Kaul HN, Wattal BL, Sinha P. 1977. Chemical characteristics of Culex pipiens fatigans breeding waters in areas around Delhi. Journal of Communicable Diseases 9(1), 8-21.

Lee HL. 1991. A nationwide resurvey of the factors effecting the breeding of Aedes aegypti (L.) and Aedes albopictus (skuse) (Diptera: Culicidae) in urban towns of Peninsular Malaysia-1988-1989. Tropical Biomedicine8, 151-60.

Mafiana CF. 1989. Observations of mosquito species breeding in open drains and test container lagos in Nigeria. Bioscience Research communications 1, 95-102.

Manorenjitha MS, Zairi J. 2012.Nutrition and overcrowding effects on larval development and fecundity of female Aedes albopictus (Skuse). International Journal of Life Science and Medical Research 2(4), 63-67.

https://doi.org/10.5963/LSMR0204002

Mboera LEG, Takken W, Mdira KY, Pickett JA. 2000. Sampling gravid Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae) in Tanzania with traps baited with synthetic oviposition pheromone and grass infusions. Journal of Medical Entomology 37, 172-176.

https://doi.org/10.1603/0022-2585-37.1.172

Raghavendra K, Barik TK, Swain V. 2010. Studies on the impact of thermal stress on survival and development of adaptive thermos tolerance in immature stages of Anopheles culicifacies. Journal of Eco biotechnology 2(5), 25-30.

Rozilawati H, Zairi J, Adanan CR. 2007. Seasonal abundance of Aedes albopictus in selected urban and suburban areas in Penang, Malaysia. Tropical Biomedicine 24(1), 83-94.

Rueda LM. 2008. Global diversity of mosquitoes (Insecta: Diptera: Culicidae) in freshwater. Hydrobiologia 595, 477-487.

https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-8259-7_48

Seng CM, Jute N. 1994. Breeding of Aedesaegypti (L.) and Aedes albopictus (Skuse) in urban housing of Sibu town, Sarawak. Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health 25, 543–548.

Shivakumar MS, Purohit H, Annasamundram S, Patel PV. 2010. Efficacy of Azadirachtin treated nets on adults of Aedesaegypti and Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae). Journal of Ecobiotechnolog y2, 76-79.

Tun-Lin W, Kay BH, Barnes A. 1995. The premise condition index: a tool for streamlining surveys of Aedesaegypti. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 53,591-594.

https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.1995.53.591

Wongkoon S, Jaroensutasinee M, Jaroensutasinee K. 2005. Larval Infestations of Aedesaegypti and Ae. albopictus in Nakhon si thammarat, Thailand. Dengue Bulletin 29, 169-75.

World Health Organization.1998. Diagnosis, prevention and control. 2nd ed. New Delhi: Prentice Hall India, 48-59.

Sisir Kumar Nayak, Surya Narayan Swain, Tapan Kumar Barik.
Assessment of population dynamics and breeding habitat diversity of Culex quinquefasciatus.
Int. J. Biosci. 12(6), 183-192, June 2018.
https://innspub.net/ijb/assessment-population-dynamics-breeding-habitat-diversity-culex-quinquefasciatus/
Copyright © 2018
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
https://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update