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Assessment of the state of pollution of the Mediterranean Sea by persistent synthetic materials: case of the coastline of Annaba East Algerian

By: Asma Boussaha, Borhane Djebar

Key Words: Macro-wastes, coastline, Annaba, Algeria.

Int. J. Biosci. 12(4), 117-126, April 2018.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/12.4.117-126

Certification: ijb 2018 0294 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

This article is based on a thesis that is currently underway at Badji Mokhtar University in Annaba addressing the management of coastal macro waste. The objects of this study, solid and visible to the naked eye, are a pollution of the coast and contribute in reducing its attractive value. The accumulation of glass, plastics and metals in the marine environment is worrying, especially since we do not know the scale or the impacts of this pile.We have developed a flexible methodology that takes into account both the quantitative and qualitative aspects of pollution through two fundamental criterias: nature and weight. Our results show a predominance of glass with a rate of 78% whereas it accounted for only 22% in 2007. Plastics come in 2nd position with 18%, in 2007 they reached 29% finally, the rate of metals fell significantly from 23 to 4% between 2007 and 2015. This is the direct consequence of its valuation through its marketing since 2000.This work is part of a perspective of awareness concerning clean beaches and the protection of public health and the environment. We suggest the implementation of a monitoring program that will regularly assess the potential sources of contamination and the establishment of a coastal management plan in joint venture with the municipality of Annaba.

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Assessment of the state of pollution of the Mediterranean Sea by persistent synthetic materials: case of the coastline of Annaba East Algerian

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Asma Boussaha, Borhane Djebar.
Assessment of the state of pollution of the Mediterranean Sea by persistent synthetic materials: case of the coastline of Annaba East Algerian.
Int. J. Biosci. 12(4), 117-126, April 2018.
https://innspub.net/ijb/assessment-state-pollution-mediterranean-sea-persistent-synthetic-materials-case-coastline-annaba-east-algerian/
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