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Biocontrol of larvae of dengue vector Aedes aegypti (L.) Using fresh seed extract of some selected indigenous plants

By: Md. Ahsan Shahriar Tohfa, Tahmina Akter, Md. Junayed, Saadia Ahmad

Key Words: Aedes aegypti, dengue vector, fresh seed, larvicidal, mosquito.

Int. J. Biosci. 17(4), 46-59, October 2020.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/17.4.46-59

Certification: ijb 2020 0063 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Present study was conducted to control dengue vector mosquito, Aedes aegypti using environmentally safe biological materials, the seeds of some selected indigenous plants under laboratory condition. Here test plants were Anacardium occidentale, Azadirachta indica, Corchorus capsularis, Momordica charantia, Swietenia mahagoni and Terminalia catappa. For this late 3rd instar larvae of Aedes aegypti (L.) were exposed to different concentrations (5%, 4%, 3%, 2% and 1%) of aquatic extract of fresh seeds of 6 selected plants. After 24 hours of exposure highest mortality (95%) observed in crude seed extract of Corchorus capsularis followed by 90% mortality in crude extract of Anacardium occidentale and Swietenia mahagoni, 75% in Azadirachta indica, 60% in Terminalia catappa respectively. Lowest mortality observed in Momordica charantia killing 50% larvae after 24 hours of exposure. Among all the test plants minimum LC50 value was recorded in fresh seed extract of Corchorus capsularis (1.020) followed by Anacardium occidentale (1.44), Azadiracta indica (2.44), Swietenia mahagoni (3.11), Terminalia catappa (3.78) and Momordica charantia (5.47) after 24 hours of exposure. Among all the test plants crude seed extract of Corchorus capsularis was observed most toxic against late 3rd instar larvae of Aedes aegypti having LC50 (1.02, 0.78 and 0.59), Lc90 (4.74, 3.30 and 2.27) and LC95 (5.96, 4.47 and 3.32) values after 24, 48 and 72 hours of exposure respectively. From the above study, it can be said that plant seeds might contain certain phytochemicals that can be used in controlling Aedes mosquitoe larvae is an ideal environmental healthy approach.

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Biocontrol of larvae of dengue vector Aedes aegypti (L.) Using fresh seed extract of some selected indigenous plants

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Md. Ahsan Shahriar Tohfa, Tahmina Akter, Md. Junayed, Saadia Ahmad.
Biocontrol of larvae of dengue vector Aedes aegypti (L.) Using fresh seed extract of some selected indigenous plants.
Int. J. Biosci. 17(4), 46-59, October 2020.
https://innspub.net/ijb/biocontrol-larvae-dengue-vector-aedes-aegypti-l-using-fresh-seed-extract-selected-indigenous-plants/
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