International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Brucellosis causing economic losses in small ruminants of Pakistan

By: Saima Dil, Aamer Bin Zahur, Subhan Qureshi, Aman Ullah, Muhammad Azeem Khan

Key Words: Brucellosis, Small ruminants, Abortion, Economic, Isolates

Int. J. Biosci. 12(5), 194-200, May 2018.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/12.5.194-200

Certification: ijb 2018 0073 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Brucellosis is an economically important reemerging bacterial zoonosis that not only affects health and productivity of animals but it is also of public health concern. Brucellosis is prevalent in Pakistan, economic losses due to brucellosis have never been estimated for small ruminant population of the country. This study was conducted for assesing economic impact of brucellosis in small ruminants. A herd comprising of 250 sheep with clinical signs of late term abortions was selected. Brucellosis positive status of herd was confirmed through Rose Bengal plate test (RBPT) and Indirect enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (I-ELISA). Bacterial isolation and Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to identify species of brucella. The component for calculating economic loss were loss due to reduction in meat yield by abortion, still birth, repeat breeding, veterinary expenses and increased cost of management due to rearing of nonproductive animals and weak lambs. A total of 52% of animals were found to be infected with brucellosis in sheep herd. The isolates obtained from aborted fetuses were characterized as B. melitensis through culture and molecular technique. The annual economic loss was calculated as Rs. 2745/ sheep. Based on results it was concluded that Brucellosis causes significant economic losses in small ruminants of Pakistan.

| Views 36 |

Brucellosis causing economic losses in small ruminants of Pakistan

Acha NP, Szyfres B. 2003. Zoonoses and Communicable Diseases Common to Man andAnimals. Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), Washington, D.C.].

Ahmad Z, Yaqoob M, Younas M. 2001. The lohi sheep: a meat breed of pakistan review 38.

Ajogi I, Akinwumi JA, Esuruoso GO,Lamorde AG. 1998. Settling the nomads in Wase and Wawa-Zange grazing reserves in the Sudan savannah zone of Nigeria III: estimated fi nancial losses due to bovine brucellosis. Nigerian veterinary Journal 19, 86-94.

Alton GG, Jones LM, Pretz DE. 1988. Laboratory Techniques in Brucellosis. 2nd Edi. WHO Monograph series 50, 34-56.

Ameen-ur-Rashid, Gondal MA, Khan AA, Ali A, MA Khan, Rafiullah, Ahmed S, Wazir I, Shah SSA and Khan S. 2017. Molecular and serological study of caprine and ovine brucellosis in district Peshawar Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies 5(6),1436-1440.

Angara TE, Ismail AAA, Ibrahim AM, Osman ZS. 2006. Assessment of the economic losses due to bovine brucellosis in Khartoum state, SUDAN. International Journal of Technical Research.

Anon. 1995. Arab Organization for Agriculture Development (AOAD). Khartoum, Sudan.

Bamaiyi PH, Khairani-Bejo S, ZainalAbidin M. 2015. The economic impact attributable to brucellosis among goat farms in Peninsula Malaysia and cost benefit analysis to brucellosis. Research Opinion Animal Veterinary Sciences 5(2), 57-64.

Behroozikhah AM, Bagheri Nejad R, Amiri K, Bahonar AR. 2012. Identification at biovar level of Brucella isolates causing abortion in small ruminants of iran. Journal of Pathology doi: 10.1155/2012/357235.

Benkirane A. 2006. Ovine and caprine brucellosis: world distribution and control/eradication strategies in West Asia/North Africa region. Small Ruminant Research 62 (1-2), 19-25.

Bernues A, Manrique E, Maza MT. 1997. Economic evaluation of bovine brucellosis and tuberculosis eradication programmes in a mountain area of Spain. Preventive Veterinary Medecine 30(2), 137-49.

Brisibe F, Nawathe DR, Bot CJ. 1996. Sheep and goat brucellosis in Borno and Yobe states of aridnortheastern Nigeria. Small Ruminant Research 20, 83-88.

Chaudhary JK, Singh B, Prasad S and Verma MR. 2013. Analysis of morbidity and mortality rates in bovine in Himachal Pradesh. Veterinary World 6(9), 614-619. doi: 10.5455.

Diaz R, Casanova A, Ariza J and Moriyon I. 2011. The diagnosis of a neglected disease. Tropical Disease 5(4), 950.

Dijkhuizen AA, Hurine RBM, Jalvingh AW. 1995. Economic analysis of animal diseases and their control. Preventive Veterinary Medecine 25, 135-145.

Economic Survey of Pakistan. 2016. Government of Pakistan, finance division, economic advisor wing, Islamabad.

Foster G, Osterman BS, Godfroid J, Jacques I, Cloeckaert A. 2007. Brucella ceti sp. nov. and Brucella pinnipedialis sp. nov for Brucella strains with cetaceans and seals as their preferred hosts. International journal of systematic and evolutionary microbiology 57(Pt 11), 2688-93.

Hassan A, Ishaq M, Shah NA, Farooq A. 2014.Milk production potential in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Pakistan Journal of Agriculture Research 27(1).

ILRI. 2012. Mapping of poverty and likely zoonoses hotspots. Zoonoses Project 4. Report to Department for International Development, UK. P: 119, ILRI, Nairobi, Kenya.

Iqbal ZH, Jamil ZI, Qureshi, Saqib M, Lodhi LA, WaqasMS and Safdar M. 2013. Sero-prevalence of ovine brucellosis by modified Rose Bengal test and ELISA in Southern Punjab, Pakistan. Pakistan Veterinary Journal 33(4), 455-457.

John K, Fitzpatrick J, French N, Kazwala R, Kambarage D, Godfrey S, Mfinanga A, MacMillan and Cleaveland S. 2010. Quantifying Risk Factors for Human Brucellosis in Rural Northern Tanzania. Public Library of Science, One 5(4), 9968.

Khan MFU, Ashfaq F, Masood MA. 2014. Study on Fattening Potential of Different Sheep and Goat Breeds under Different Plan of Nutrition in Pakistan. The Journal of Animal & Plant Sciences 24, 23-24.

Koichi, Masanobu K, Michio S, Tsuneo K and Akio Y. 2007. Simultaneous detection of the genus Brucella by combinatorial PCR. Jon Journal Infectious Disease 60, 137-139.

Lilenbaum W, de-Souza GN, Ristow P, Moreira MC, Fraguas S, Cardoso VS, Oelemann WM. 2007. A serological study on Brucella abortus, caprine arthritis-encephalitis virus and Leptospira in dairy goats in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Veterinary Journal 173(2), 408-12.

Mac Millan A. 1990. Conventional serological tests.Animal brucellosis 206, 153-197.

McDermott JD, Grace J, Zinsstag. 2013. Economics of brucellosis impact and control in low-income countries. Revue scientifique et technique (International Office of Epizootics) 32(1), 249-261.

Mc Dermott JJ, Arimi SM. 2002. Brucellosis in sub-Saharan Africa: epidemiology, control and impact. Veterinary Micrbiology 90, 111-134.

Mulok D, Kogid M, Asid R, Lily L. 2012. Is economic growth sufficient for poverty alleviation? Empirical evidence from Malaysia. Cuadernos de Economics 35, 26-32.

Munir M, Shah NA, Aujla KM. 2010. Production of wool and hair in high land balochistan, Pakistan. Pakistan journal of agriculture, agricultural engineering & veterinary sciences 26(1), 75-86.

Nicoletti P. 1980. The epidemiology of bovine brucellosis. Advances in veterinary science and comparative medicine 24, 69-98.

OIE. 2009. Bovine brucellosis. In: Manual of standards for diagnostic tests and vaccines.

Rodostits OM, Gay CC, Douglas C, Blood and Kenneth, Hinchcliff W. 2003. In: Veterinary Medicine 9th Edn. W.B. Saunders Co., United Kingdom.

Sahin M, Unver A, Otlu S. 2008. Isolation and biotyping of Brucella melitensis from aborted sheep fetuses in turkey. Bulletin- Veterinary Institute in Pulawy 52(1), 59-62. ·

Salih H, Saleem M. 2010. Brucellosis in Iraq: epidemiology, present status, and challenges in controlling the disease; Thesis Master of Science Department: Department of Diagnostic Medicine/Pathobiology.

Samartino LE. 2002. Brucellosis in Argentina. Veterinary Microbiology 90, 71-80.

Sam-Bittner A. 2004. An overview and the economic impacts associated with mandatory Brucellosistesting in Wyoming cattle. Wyoming Departmentof Administration and Information, Economic Analysis Division.

Scholz HC, Hubalek Z, Sedlacek I, Vergnaud G, Tomaso H, Al Dahouk S, Melzer F, Kampfer P, Neubaue H, Cloeckaert A, Maquart M, Zygmunt MS, Whatmore AM, Falsen E, Bahn P, Gollner C, Pfeffer M, Huber B, Busse HJ, Nockler K. 2008. Brucella microti sp. nov., isolated from the common vole Microtus arvalis. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 58(2), 375-82.

Silva I, Dangolla A, Kulachelvy K. 2000. Seroepidemiology of Brucella abortus infection in bovids in Sri Lanka. Preventive Veterinary Medicine 346(1), 51-9.

Singh B, Bardhan D, Verma MR, Prasad S, Sinha DK. 2014. Estimation of economic losses due to peste de petits ruminants in small ruminants in India. Veterinary World 7(4), 194-199.

Singh B, Prasad S. 2008. Modelling of Economic Losses due to Some Important Diseasesin Goats in India. Agriculture Economic Research Review 21, 297-302.

Sulima M, Venkataraman KS. 2010 .Economic losses due to Brucella .melitensis infection in sheep and goats. Tamilnadu Journal of Veterinary Animal science 6(4), 191-192.

Verger JM, Grimont F, Grimont PAD, Grayon M. 1987. Taxonomy of the genus Brucella. Annual Inst Pasteur Microbiology 138, 235-238.

Walker RL. 1999. Brucella: In Dwight C Harish and Yuang Chung Zee (ED): Veterinary Microbiology. USA.Blackwell Science Incharge 196-203.

Yanagi M, Yamasato K. 1993. Phylogenetic analysis of the family Rhizobiaceae and related bacteria by sequencing of 16S rRNA gene using PCR and DNA sequencer. Federation of European Microbiological Societies Microbiology Letters 15:107(1), 115-20.

Saima Dil, Aamer Bin Zahur, Subhan Qureshi, Aman Ullah, Muhammad Azeem Khan.
Brucellosis causing economic losses in small ruminants of Pakistan.
Int. J. Biosci. 12(5), 194-200, May 2018.
https://innspub.net/ijb/brucellosis-causing-economic-losses-small-ruminants-pakistan/
Copyright © 2018
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
https://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update