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Call to Action: Prevalence of soil-transmitted helminth infection (STHI) in Bucac, Bayugan City, Agusan Del Sur, Philippines

By: Jean Edwin Tulang, Rene June Dagoc, Angeli Mag-Aso, Karyl Marie Fabricante Dagoc

Key Words: Ascaris lumbricoides, Deworming, Global Health Concern, Hookworm Infection, Spatially Variable

Int. J. Biosci. 14(4), 360-368, April 2019.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/14.4.360-368

Certification: ijb 2019 0038 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Soil-transmitted helminth infection (STHI) is among the neglected tropical diseases that presents a global problem. In the Philippines, this was reported to be spatially variable. We conducted this study to determine the prevalence rate of STHI in Bucac, Bayugan City, Agusan del Sur, Philippines and analyze the relationship of the infection with the volunteer participants’ socio-demographic profile, lifestyle, and notable practices. Fecal samples were collected from 65 volunteer participants and examined by direct wet mount microscopy technique. Results revealed two helminth species, Ascaris lumbicoides and hookworm present in 17 fecal samples with an overall prevalence of 26.16%. A. lumbicoides showed a prevalence of 21.54% and hookworm infections were 4.62%. Based on WHO guideline, annual medical treatment (deworming) solution should be sustained (or started) in this part of the country. Reinforcing this solution with updated health and hygiene education campaign, particularly on WASH (Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene) strategies is also highly recommended. Chi-square analysis showed no significant relationship between the helminth infections and the variables considered in the study (gender, age, occupation, type of toilet, source of water for bathing, washing, drinking, presence of domesticated animals and wearing of footwear). Regardless of the different variables included, ascariasis and hookworm infections are still present around Barangay Bucac, Bayugan City, Agusan Del Sur and poses a public health concern. Implementation of ways to control or eradicate the present infections as well as further assessment and monitoring (with consideration of the economic status) in the area is recommended.

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Call to Action: Prevalence of soil-transmitted helminth infection (STHI) in Bucac, Bayugan City, Agusan Del Sur, Philippines

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Jean Edwin Tulang, Rene June Dagoc, Angeli Mag-Aso, Karyl Marie Fabricante Dagoc.
Call to Action: Prevalence of soil-transmitted helminth infection (STHI) in Bucac, Bayugan City, Agusan Del Sur, Philippines.
Int. J. Biosci. 14(4), 360-368, April 2019.
https://innspub.net/ijb/call-action-prevalence-soil-transmitted-helminth-infection-sthi-bucac-bayugan-city-agusan-del-sur-philippines/
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