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Classification and ordination of upland vegetation in a temperate forest at Mukeshpuri Hills, Pakistan

By: Asia BiBi, Eamon Bushra, Muhammad Hashim, Adeela Altaf, Shaheen Qadir, Ishtiaq Ahmad, Nazir Ahmad, Shaukat Hussain, Altaf Ahmad Dasti

Key Words: Mukeshpuri Hills vegetation, Altitudinal transect, Vegetation classification, Environmental gradient, Vegetation pattern, Western Himalaya, Pakistan.

Int. J. Biosci. 17(3), 206-229, September 2020.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/17.3.206-229

Certification: ijb 2020 0047 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

The Himalayas in Pakistan are the mountains, possessing diverse ground and forest vegetation and hence are considered an important site for research in vegetation ecology and biodiversity management. The study was conducted on Mukeshpuri Hills in the Abbottabad District of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province in the north of Pakistan. The present research work was conducted from July-August 2017. All the vascular plants present along the transect lying across the altitudinal ranges from 2500 – 2800 m, between 34°03’34.2 N to 34°03’88.9 N and 073°24’ 82.5 E to 073°24’92.3 E. During the field survey, a total of 82 species representing 72 genera belonging to 46 families were recorded. The major family was Lamiaceae, followed by Asteraceae, Rosaceae and Fabaceae. The other families contribute a little share in flora. Vegetation data were analyzed by multivariate statistics including cluster analysis, Detrended Correspondence Analysis (DCA) and correlation. The application of classification and the ordination suggested that the altitudinal edaphic factors play an important role in determining the boundaries of the plant communities. From the present study, we can conclude that altitude and soil pH is significantly driving the distribution patterns of vegetation.

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Classification and ordination of upland vegetation in a temperate forest at Mukeshpuri Hills, Pakistan

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Asia BiBi, Eamon Bushra, Muhammad Hashim, Adeela Altaf, Shaheen Qadir, Ishtiaq Ahmad, Nazir Ahmad, Shaukat Hussain, Altaf Ahmad Dasti.
Classification and ordination of upland vegetation in a temperate forest at Mukeshpuri Hills, Pakistan.
Int. J. Biosci. 17(3), 206-229, September 2020.
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