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Combining ability and heritability estimation for elite genotypes in hexaploid wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)

By: Dalel Khan Mandan, Altaf Hussain Solangi, Gul Muhammad Baloch, Zahoor Ahmed Soomro, Qamarudin Chachar, Wajid Ali Jatoi, Altaf Hussain Solangi

Key Words: Wheat, Diallel analysis, GCA and SCA, Grain yield, Locations

Int. J. Biosci. 15(2), 570-585, August 2019.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/15.2.570-585

Certification: ijb 2019 0011 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Wheat breeders are also well known of the phenomenon that in a hybridization programmes, certain crosses pass-on more favorable genes towards the progenies than others. Thus, identification of potential parents and hybrids remained main concern to cotton breeders for improving various yield and biomass traits in wheat breeding programmes. Genetic inheritance pattern deals with the nature of gene action. The present study was carried out in two different locations of Sindh (Tandojam and Sakrand) under the Directorate of Wheat Research Institute Sakrand. In order to estimate the combining ability six parents (TD-1, TJ-83, Imdad, Moomal, SKD-1 and Mehran) were chosen for the study of 6 × 6 half diallel crosses. The seed of six parents along with their F1 hybrids were sown in a randomized complete block design comprising of four replications. Data were recorded and evaluating from following characters viz., tillers plant-1, spike length (cm), grains spike-1, grain yield plant-1, seed index and harvest index (%). The mean squares from analysis of variances for genotypes, crosses and parents were significant for all the traits studied. In both I and II locations the data showed that all the characters such as tillers plant-1, spike length, grains spike-1, grain yield plant-1, seed index and harvest index (%) showed dominance type of gene action the degree of dominance revealed that ratio of dominance over additive genes and above unity (≥ 1.0) for all characters. The data further discovered that in all the traits revealed dominance, partial dominance and over dominance types of gene action.

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Combining ability and heritability estimation for elite genotypes in hexaploid wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)

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Dalel Khan Mandan, Altaf Hussain Solangi, Gul Muhammad Baloch, Zahoor Ahmed Soomro, Qamarudin Chachar, Wajid Ali Jatoi, Altaf Hussain Solangi.
Combining ability and heritability estimation for elite genotypes in hexaploid wheat (Triticum aestivum L.).
Int. J. Biosci. 15(2), 570-585, August 2019.
https://innspub.net/ijb/combining-ability-heritability-estimation-elite-genotypes-hexaploid-wheat-triticum-aestivum-l/
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