International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Comparative studies of water and soil quality scenario from selected sites of two main Rivers viz: river Ravi and Sutlej of Punjab, Pakistan

By: Saman Nadeem, Kashifa Naghma Waheed, Muhammad Zafarullah, Muhammad Ashraf, Shahid Sherzada, Hira Nadeem

Key Words: River Sutlej, River Ravi, Physico-chemical parameters, Soil texture, Heavy metals

Int. J. Biosci. 15(4), 408-417, October 2019.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/15.4.408-417

Certification: ijb 2019 0010 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

In this study, physico-chemical parameters of water and soil from two main rivers of Punjab viz: River Ravi and Sutlej have been described. This research work has been done to evaluate pH, Temperature, Carbon dioxide, Total alkalinity, Total hardness, Electrical conductivity, soil texture and Cd, Cr, Pb metal toxicity of both rivers and their impact were analyzed comparatively since the soil and water quality have always strong impact on survival of microorganisms and fish fauna found in aquatic ecosystems. Heavy metals such as Cd, Cr, Pb, etc. are of special concern because they can produce water pollution and chronic poisoning in aquatic animals. The results revealed that though the waters of River Sutlej (Head Ganda Singh site) and River Ravi (Head Balloki site) were found polluted to some extents, however, the physico-chemical parameters of water and soil indicated that these are suitable for irrigation and aquatic life.

| Views 34 |

| Views 34 |

Comparative studies of water and soil quality scenario from selected sites of two main Rivers viz: river Ravi and Sutlej of Punjab, Pakistan

Abbas HH, Mahmoud HM. 2004. Haematological and biochemical changes in Oreochromis aureus and Clarias gariepinus exposed to mixture of copper and lead salts. Egyptian Journal of Basic and Applied Physiology 1(3), 89-106.

Abbas HH, Zaghloul KH, Mousa MA. 2002. Effect of some heavy metals pollutants on some biological and histopathological changes in the blue tilapia Oreochromis aureus. Egyptian Journal of Agricultural Research 80(3), 1395-411.

Abd El-Hady OK. 1998. Comparative studies on some parasitic infection on fishes in fresh and Polluted water sources. PhD Thesis. Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Cairo University.

Abd El-Kader MA, Tork IY, Magda AA. 1993. Heavy metals pollution in drinking water and methods of removals. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences A(1), 65-69.

Abubakar UM. 2013. Physico-chemical parameters in relation to fish production of Dadin Kowa Dam, Gombe State, Nigeria. 28th Annual Conference of the Fisheries Society of Nigeria (FISON) 211-213.

Adeogun OA, Fafioye OO, Olaleye BA, Ngobili OG. 2005. The relationship between some physicochemical parameters and plankton composition on fish production in ponds.19th Annual Conference of the Fisheries Society of Nigeria. (FISON) 874-892.

Ajmal M, Razi-ud-Din. 1988. Studies on the Pollution of Hindon River and Kali Nadi (India). In: Ecology and Pollution of Indian Rivers, Trivade, R.K.(Ed). Ashish Publishing House, New Delhi, ISBN:9788170242154, pp:87-111.

Azizullah A, Khattak MNK, Richter P, Hader DP. 2011. Water Pollution in Pakistan and its impact on public health. Environment International 37(2), 479-497.

Basyigit B, Ozan ST. 2012. Concentrations of Some Heavy Metals in Water, Sediment, and Tissues of Pikeperch (Sander Lucioperca) from Karatas Lake Related to Physico-Chemical Parameters, Fish Size and Seasons. Polish Journal of Environment Studies 22(3), 633-644.

Bhatnagar A, Devi P. 2013. Water quality guidelines for the management of pond fish culture. International Journal of Environmental Sciences 3(6), 1980-2009.

Bhatti MT, Latif M. 2011. Assessment of Water Quality of a River using an indexing approach during the low-flow season. Irrigation and Drainage 60(1), 103-114.

BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards). 2012. Drinking Water-Specification 1S 10500: New Delhi, India.

Boyd CE. 1995. Bottom Soils, Sediment, and Pond Aquaculture. Department of Fisheries and Allied Aquacultures at Auburn University, Alabama.

Chakrabarty RD, Roy P, Singh SB. 1959. A quantitative study of the plankton and physico-chemical conditions of the river Jamuna at Allahabad. Indian Journal of Fisheries 6(1), 186-203.

Devi PA, Padmavathy P, Aanand S, Aruljothi K. 2017. Review on water quality parameters in freshwater cage fish culture. International Journal of Applied Research 3(5), 114-120.

Drastichoa J, Svbodova Z, Luskova V, Elechovska OC, Kala BP. 2004. Effect of Cadmium on blood plasma biochemistry in Carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 72, 733-40.

Eqani S, Malik RN, Katsoyiannis A, Zhang G, Chakraborty P, Mohammad A, Jones KC. 2012. Distribution and risk assessment of organochlorine contaminants in surface water from River Chenab, Pakistan. Journal of Environmental Monitoring 14(6), 1645-1654.

Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). 1983. Compilation of legal limits for hazardous substances in fish and fishery products. FAO Fishery Circular 464, 5-100.

Hopkinson CS. 1985. Shallow-water and pelagic metabolism: Evidence of heterotrophy in the near-shore Georgia Bight, Marine Biology 87(1), 19-32.

Javed M, Hayat S. 1995. Effect of waste disposal on the water quality of river Ravi from Lahore to head Baloki, Pakistan. Proceedings of Pakistan Congress of Zoology 15, 41-51.

Javed M, Hayat S. 1996. Planktonic productivity of river water as a bio-indicator of fresh water contamination by metals. Proceedings of Pakistan Congress of Zoology 16, 383-398.

Javed M, Hayat S. 1998. Fish as a bio-indicator of fresh water contamination by metals. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Sciences 35, 11-15.

Joshi BD, Bisht RCS. 1993. Some aspects of physico-chemical characteristics of Western Ganga Canal near Jwalapur at Haridwar. Himalayan Journal of Environmental Zoology 7, 76-82.

Kane S, Qarri F, Lazo P, Bekteshi L. 2015. The Effect of Physico-Chemical Parameters and Nutrients on Fish Growth in Narta Lagoon, Albania. Journal of Hygienic Engineering and Design. UDC 639.32 (496.5), 62-68.

Karanth KR. 1987. Groundwater Assessment Development and Management, Tata Mc Graw Hill publishing company Ltd., New Delhi 725-726.

Mahmood G, Javed M, Hassan M. 2000. Assessment of River Ravi for the Physico-chemistry and Heavy Metals Toxicity of Water. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences. 3, 1962-1964.

Mbalassa M, Bagalwa JJ, Nshombo M, Kateyo ME. 2014. Assessment of physicochemical parameters in relation with fish ecology in Ishasha River and Lake Edward, Albertine Rift Valley, East Africa. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences 3(6), 230-244.

Metzner AV. 1977. Removing soluble metals from waste water. Water Sewage Works. 124, 98-101.

Muhammad S, Shah MT, Khan S. 2011. Health risk assessment of heavy metals and their source apportionment in drinking water of Kohistan region northern Pakistan. Microchemical Journal  98(2), 334-343.

Nadeem S, Kashifa NW, Zafarullah M, Ashraf M, Sherzada S, Nadeem H. 2019. Determination of Physico-chemical water quality parameters along with food preferences in selected Fish Species collected from River Ravi, Punjab. International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies 7(4), 93-100.

Narayan S, Chauhan R. 2000. Water quality status of river complex Yamuna at Panchnada (Distt, Etawah, U.P., India). I: An integrated management approach. Pollution Research 19(3), 357-364.

Nawaz S, Nagra SA, Saleem Y, Priydarshi A. 2010. Determination of heavy metals in fresh water fish species of the River Ravi, Pakistan compared to farmed fish varieties. Environment Monitoring Assessment 167(1-4), 461-471.

Nazeer S, Hashmi MZ, Malik RN. 2014. Heavy metals distribution risk assessment and water quality characterization by water quality index of the River Soan, Pakistan. Journal of Ecological Indicators 43, 262-270.

Official Methods of Analysis. 2007. Section 993.14 of AOAC International, 18th edition, Revision 2, chapter 9 pp 50-60.

Onada OA, Akinwole AO, Ajani EK. 2015. Study of Interrelationship among water quality parameters in earthen and concrete tank. Peer J Pre Prints 3:e845v1

Polprasert C. 1982. Heavy metal pollution in the Chao Phraya River estuary, Thailand, Water Research 16, 775-784.

Rehman URH, Akbar ULN, Gul I, Gul N, Akhwan S, Sajed M, Khan P, Khan AM, Hamidullah, Bibi S, Wahab A. 2015. Impacts of Some physicochemical parameters of Water and Soil Collected from Panjkora River, Pakistan. Global Veterinaria 15(1), 57-61.

Saleem M, Iqbal J, Shah MH. 2015. Geochemical speciation, anthropogenic contamination, risk assessment and source identification of selected metals in fresh water sediments. A case study from Mangla Lake, Pakistan Journal of Environmental Nanotechnology, Monitoring & Management 4, 27-36.

Sharma V, Walia YK. 2015. Water quality Assessment using Physico-Chemical Parameters and Heavy Metals of Govind Sagar Lake, Himachal Pradesh, India World Environment 10(3), 967-974.

Shuvasish RC, Arvind BC. 2017. Analysis of some physicochemical parameters and their effect on the productivity of fishes in two different types of aquatic bodies of Unamgaon and Seipargaon of Patharkandi block of Karimganj district, Assam, India International Journal of Life Sciences 5(4), 587-592.

Smith SV, Hollibaugh JT. 1997. Annual cycle and inter-annual variability of ecosystem metabolism in a temperate climate embayment, Ecological Monographs. Ecological Society of America 67(4), 509-533.

Steel RGD, Torrie JH, Dinkkey DA. 1996. Principals and Procedures of Statistics, 2nd Ed., McGraw-Hill Book Co., Singapore.

Sunder S. 1988. Monitoring the Water Quality in a stretch of River Jhelum, Kashmir. In: Ecology and Pollution of Indian Rivers, Trivade, R.K. (Ed). Ashish Publishing House, New Delhi, ISBN:9788170242154 pp: 132-161.

Sverdrup HH, Johnson MW, Fleming RH. 1942.The Oceans: Their physics, chemistry and general biology. Prentice Hall, New York.

Taylor EW, Churchill. 1949. The examination of water supplies and A Churchill Ltd, London.

Waseem A, Arshad J, Iqbal F, Sajjad A, Mehmood Z, Murtaza G. 2014. Pollution Status of Pakistan. A Retrospective Review on Heavy Metals Contamination of Water, Soil and Vegetables, Biomedicine Research International. Article ID 813206; 1-29. http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014

World Health Organization (WHO). 1985. Guidelines for Drinking Water Quality (ii): Health Criteria and Supporting Information. Vol. 1, Recommendations. WHO, Geneva. 130pp.

Yadav J, Pathak RK, Sunil S. 2014.The Physico-Chemical parameters of Water and Locked Soil of Different Reservoirs of West Nimar M.P. (INDIA). International Journal of Latest Trends in Engineering and Technology 3(3), 391-395.

Younas S, Junaid F, Gul S, Rehman URH, Iqbal N, Adnan K, Rauf F, Ahmed I, Najoom S, Inayatullah, Sadia H, Usman K. 2017. Physicochemical parameters of water and soil of three Dams of district Karak, KP, Pakistan Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies 5(3), 317-322.

Zahra A, Hashmi MZ, Malik RN, Ahmed Z. 2014. Enrichment and geo-accumulation of heavy metals and risk assessment of sediments of the Kurang Nallah feeding tributary of the Rawal Lake Reservior, Pakistan. Science of the Total Environment 470-471, 925-933.

Zeb BS, Malik AH, Waseem A. 2011. Water quality assessment of Siran River, Pakistan. International Journal of Physical Science 6(34), 7789-7798.

Saman Nadeem, Kashifa Naghma Waheed, Muhammad Zafarullah, Muhammad Ashraf, Shahid Sherzada, Hira Nadeem.
Comparative studies of water and soil quality scenario from selected sites of two main Rivers viz: river Ravi and Sutlej of Punjab, Pakistan.
Int. J. Biosci. 15(4), 408-417, October 2019.
https://innspub.net/ijb/comparative-studies-water-soil-quality-scenario-selected-sites-two-main-rivers-viz-river-ravi-sutlej-punjab-pakistan/
Copyright © 2019
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
https://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update