International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Comparative study determining the impacts of forest harvesting on hydrology and water yield of broadleaved and needle leaved forests: State of knowledge and research outlook

By: Tanzeel Javaid Aini Farooqi, Umer Hayat, Muhammad Roman

Key Words: Deforestation, Streamflow, Broadleaved, Needle leaved, Hydrology

Int. J. Biosci. 16(2), 507-515, February 2020.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/16.2.507-515

Certification: ijb 2020 0013 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Water availability both at present and in the future is of primary importance for sustaining life on earth. The forest role in carbon sequestration and their impacts on water yield and the hydrological cycle is currently a burning issue within the scientific community. As a general concern, different forest types and cover may vary in their effects on water interception and discharge due to various structural and growth attributes, with implications to the water supply to downstream ecosystems. Changes in forest cover impose either positive or negative impacts on catchment hydrology depending on the direction and degree of changes. To reconcile the forest carbon sequestration and water conservation, there is a dire need to understand the mechanistic linkage between the two services. By conducting literature, we examine the impacts of forest cover change in the shape of deforestation on catchment water yield for contrasting forest types: coniferous forests and broadleaved forests. The research found that after deforestation, the percent increase in streamflow in two different forest types was 16% and 27% for broadleaved and needle-leaved forests, respectively. This research provides a scientific insight about when where and why to cut/plant the trees with a particular focus on sustainable forest management practices to get maximum and long term socio-economic benefits.

| Views 23 |

| Views 23 |

Comparative study determining the impacts of forest harvesting on hydrology and water yield of broadleaved and needle leaved forests: State of knowledge and research outlook

Adams KN, Fowler AM. 2006. Improving empirical relationships for predicting the effect of vegetation change on annual water yield. Journal of hydrology 321, 90-115.

Andréassian V. 2004. Waters and forests: from historical controversy to scientific debate. Journal of hydrology 291, 1-27.

Bonan GB. 2008. Forests and climate change: Forcings, feedbacks, and the climate benefits of forests. Science 320, 1444–1449.

Bosch JM, Hewlett JD. 1982. A review of catchment experiments to determine the effect of vegetation changes on water yield and evapotranspiration. Journal of hydrology 55, 3-23.

Brown AE, Western AW, McMahon TA, Zhang L. 2013. Impact of forest cover changes on annual streamflow and flow duration curves. Journal of Hydrology 483, 39-50.

Burton TA. 1997. Effects of basin‐scale timber harvest on water yield and peak streamflow 1. JAWRA Journal of the American Water Resources Association 33, 1187-1196.

Cornish PM. 1993. The effects of logging and forest regeneration on water yields in a moist eucalypt forest in New South Wales, Australia. Journal of Hydrology 150, 301-322.

Costanza R, d’Arge R, de Groot R, Farber S, Grasso M, Hannon B, Limburg K, Naeem S, O’Neil RV, Paruelo J, Raskin RG, Sutton P, van den Belt M. 1997. The value of the world’s ecosystem services and natural capital. Nature 387, 253-260.

David JS, Henriques MO, David TS, Tomé J, Ledger DC. 1994. Clearcutting effects on streamflow in coppiced Eucalyptus globulus stands in Portugal. Journal of Hydrology 162, 143-154.

Ellison D, Morris CE, Locatelli B, Sheil D, Cohen J, Murdiyarso D, Gutierrez V, Van Noordwijk M, Creed IF, Pokorny J, Gaveau D. 2017. Trees, forests and water: Cool insights for a hot world. Global Environmental Change 43, 51-61.

Fahey B, Jackson R. 1997. Hydrological impacts of converting native forests and grasslands to pine plantations, South Island, New Zealand. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 84, 69-82.

Hornbeck JW, Adams MB, Corbett ES, Verry ES, Lynch JA.1993. Long-term impacts of forest treatments on water yield: a summary for Northeastern USA. Journal of Hydrology 150, 323-344. doi:10.1016/ 0022-1694(93)90115-P

Houghton RA, House JI, Pongratz J, Van Der Werf GR, DeFries RS, Hansen MC, Quéré CL, Ramankutty N. 2012. Carbon emissions from land use and land-cover change. Biogeosciences 9, 5125-5142.

Jackson RB, Jobbágy EG, Avissar R, Roy SB, Barrett DJ, Cook CW, Farley KA, le Maitre DC, McCarl BA, Murray BC. 2005. Trading water for carbon with biological carbon sequestration. Science 310, 1944-1947.

Jones HS, Beets PN, Kimberley MO, Garrett LG. 2011. Harvest residue management and fertilisation effects on soil carbon and nitrogen in a 15-year old Pinus radiate plantation forest. Forest Ecology Management 262, 339-347.

Kabeya N, Chappell NA, Tych W, Shimizu A, Asano S, Hagino H. 2016. Quantification of the effect of forest harvesting versus climate on streamflow cycles and trends in an evergreen broadleaf catchment. Hydrological Sciences Journal 61, 1716-1727.

Komatsu H, Kume T, Otsuki K. 2010. Water resource management in Japan forest management or dam reservoirs? Journal of Environmental Management 91, 814-823. DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvman. 2009.10.011.

Komatsu H, Kume T, Otsuki K. 2011. Increasing annual runoff—broadleaf or coniferous forests? Hydrol Process 25, 302-318.

Krankina ON, Dixon RK, Kirilenko AP, Kobak KI. 1997. Global climate change adaptation: examples from Russian boreal forests. Climatic Change 36, 197-216.

Landsberg JJ, Gower ST. 1997. Applications of Physiological Ecology to Forest Management. Academic Press: San Diego, CA 354.

Lane PNJ, Mackay SM. 2001. Streamflow response of mixedspecies eucalypt forests to patch cutting and thinning treatments. Forest Ecology and Management 143, 131-142.

Lynch JA, Corbett ES, Sopper WE. 1980. Impact of forest cover removal on water quality. Pennsylvania State University. Research Paper 23–604. University Park, PA: Institute for Research on Land and Water Resource p.91.

Lynch JA, Corbett ES. 1990. Evaluation of best management practices for controlling nonpoint pollution from silvicultural operations. Journal of the American Water Resources Association 26, 41-52. DOI: 10.1111/ j.1752-1688.1990.tb01349.x

Matyas C, Sun G. 2014. Forests in a water limited world under climate change. Environmental Research Letters 9, 085001.

Payn T, Carnus JM, Freer-Smith P, Kimberley M, Kollert W, Liu S, Orazio C, Rodriguez L, Silva LN, Wingfield MJ. 2015. Changes in planted forests and future global implications. Forest Ecology and Management 352, 57-67.

Pike R, Scherer R. 2003. Overview of the potential effects of forest management on low flows in snowmelt-dominated hydrologic regimes. Journal of Ecosystems and Management 3.

Ruddell S, Sampson R, Smith M, Giffen R, Cathcart J, Hagan J, Sosland D, Godbee, J, Heissenbuttel J, Lovett S, Helms J, Price W, Simpson R. 2007. The role for sustainably managed forests in climate change mitigation. Journal of Forestry 105, 314-319.

Sahin V, Hall MJ. 1996. The effects of afforestation and deforestation on water yields. Journal of hydrology 178, 293-309.

Stednick JD. 1996. Monitoring the effects of timber harvest on annual water yield. Journal of Hydrology 176, 79-95.

Stoneman GL. 1993. Hydrological response to thinning a small jarrah (Eucalyptus marginata) forest catchment. Journal of Hydrology 150, 393-407.

Trabucco A, Zomer RJ, Bossio DA, van Straaten O, Verchot LV. 2008. Climate change mitigation through afforestation/reforestation: a global analysis of hydrologic impacts with four case studies. Agriculture, ecosystems and environment 126, 81-97.

Troendle CA, Wilcox MS, Bevenger GS, Porth LS. 2001. The Coon Creek water yield augmentation project: Implementation of timber harvesting technology to increase streamflow. Forest Ecology and Management 143, 179-187.

Van Dijk AIJM, Keenan RJ. 2007a. Planted forests and water in perspective. Forest Ecology and Management 251, 1-9.

Watson F, Vertessy RA, McMahon TA, Rhodes B, Watson I. 2001. Improved methods to assess water yield changes from paired-catchment studies: application to the Maroondah catchments. Forest Ecology and Management 143, 189-204.

Zhang L, Zhao FF, Brown AE. 2012. Predicting effects of plantation expansion on streamflow regime for catchments in Australia. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 16, 2109-2121.

Supplementary Information The following list of publications used in the data collection of this study:

Anderson HW, Hoover MD, Reinhart KG. 1976. Forests and water: effects of forest management on floods, sedimentation, and water supply. General Technical Report PSW-018. Berkeley, CA: US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station 115, 18.

Andréassian V. 2004. Waters and forests: from historical controversy to scientific debate. Journal of hydrology 291, 1-27.

Bent GC. 2001. Effects of forest-management activities on runoff components and ground-water recharge to Quabbin reservoir, central Massachusetts. Forest Ecology and Management 143, 115-129.

Bosch JM, Hewlett JD. 1982. A review of catchment experiments to determine the effect of vegetation changes on water yield and evapotranspiration. Journal of hydrology 55, 3-23.

Brechtel HM, Fuhrer HW. 1991. Water yield control in beech forest. A paired watershed study in the Krofdorf forest research area. 20th General Assembly of the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics, Vienna, Austria 08, 477-84.

Cheng JD. 1989. Streamflow changes after clear‐cut logging of a pine beetle‐infested watershed in southern British Columbia, Canada. Water Resources Research 25, 449-56.

Cosandey C, Andréassian V, Martin C, Didon-Lescot JF, Lavabre J, Folton N, Mathys N, Richard D. 2005. The hydrological impact of the Mediterranean forest: a review of French research. Journal of Hydrology 301, 235-49.

Cosandey C, Andréassian V, Martin C, Didon-Lescot JF, Lavabre J, Folton N, Mathys N, Richard D. 2005.The hydrological impact of the Mediterranean forest: a review of French research. Journal of Hydrology 301, 235-49.

Fahey B, Jackson R. 1997. Hydrological impacts of converting native forests and grasslands to pine plantations, South Island, New Zealand. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 84, 69-82.

Fritsch JM. 1990. Les effets du de´frichement de la foreˆt amazonienne et de la mise en culture sur l’hydrologie des petits bassins versants. PhD Thesis. Universite´ des Sciences et Techniques du Languedoc, Montpellier, pp392.

Hornbeck JW, Adams MB, Corbett ES, Verry ES, Lynch JA. 1993. Long-term impacts of forest treatments on water yield: a summary for northeastern USA. Journal of Hydrology 150, 323-44.

Kabeya N, Chappell NA, Tych W, Shimizu A, Asano S, Hagino H. 2016. Quantification of the effect of forest harvesting versus climate on streamflow cycles and trends in an evergreen broadleaf catchment. Hydrological Sciences Journal. 61, 1716-27.

Komatsu H, Kume T, Otsuki K. 2011. Increasing annual runoff—broadleaf or coniferous forests?. Hydrological processes 25, 302-18.

Pearce AJ, Rowe LK, O’Loughlin CL. 1980. Effects of clearfelling and slash-burning on water yield and storm hydrographs in evergreen mixed forests, western New Zealand. IAHS-AISH Publication (IAHS) p130.

Pike R, Scherer R. 2003. Overview of the potential effects of forest management on low flows in snowmelt-dominated hydrologic regimes. Journal of Ecosystems and Management 3, 3.

Rowe LK, Jackson R, Fahey B. 2002. Land use and water resources: hydrological effects of different vegetation covers SMF2167, Report. 5.

Sahin V, Hall MJ. 1996. The effects of afforestation and deforestation on water yields. Journal of hydrology. 178, 293-309.

Scott DF, Scott DF. 2000. A re-analysis of the South African catchment afforestation experimental data. Pretoria: Water Research Commission.

Stednick JD. 1996. Monitoring the effects of timber water yield harvest on annual. Journal of Hydrology 176, 79-95.

Swift Jr LW, Swank WT. Long term responses of streamflow following clearcutting and regrowth/Réactions à long terme du débit des cours d’eau après coupe et repeuplement. Hydrological Sciences Journal 26, 245-56.

Troendle CA, Wilcox MS, Bevenger GS, Porth LS. 2001. The Coon Creek water yield augmentation project: Implementation of timber harvesting technology to increase streamflow. Forest Ecology and Management 143, 179-87.

Webb AA. 2009. Streamflow response to Pinus plantation harvesting: Canobolas State forest, southeastern Australia. Hydrological Processes  23, 1679-89.

Tanzeel Javaid Aini Farooqi, Umer Hayat, Muhammad Roman.
Comparative study determining the impacts of forest harvesting on hydrology and water yield of broadleaved and needle leaved forests: State of knowledge and research outlook.
Int. J. Biosci. 16(2), 507-515, February 2020.
https://innspub.net/ijb/comparative-study-determining-impacts-forest-harvesting-hydrology-water-yield-broadleaved-needle-leaved-forests-state-knowledge-research-outlook/
Copyright © 2020
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
https://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update