International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Complement fixation analysis for seroepidemiology of foot-and-mouth disease in District Muzaffargarh

By: Sheifa Ejaz, Sajjad Ur Rahman, Ahsan Naveed, Mehboob Ahmad, Ghazal Ejaz

Key Words: Foot and mouth disease, Complement fixation test, Epidemiology, Seroprevalence.

Int. J. Biosci. 13(2), 152-157, August 2018.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/13.2.152-157

Certification: ijb 2018 0166 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Foot-and-Mouth Disease (FMD) is considered as most colossal due to huge economic losses caused by the disease. It affects majority of cloven-footed animals including buffaloes, cattle, sheep, goats, camels, wild animals. District Muzaffar-Garh is known as one of the most important districts in Punjab, Pakistan, with significant livestock population. The data regarding its epidemiological occurrence is insufficient at the field level. The study was designed to investigate a cross-sectional survey to determine the seroprevalence of FMDV in selected areas of district Muzaffargarh. The sampling was carried out and completed through multistage random sampling for the seroprevalence. Blood samples and epithelial samples were collected from clinically affected animals. For sera preparation, the blood samples were collected in vacutainer tubes. The sera were examined for the complement fixation test (CFT). Epithelial tissues and oropharyngeal fluids samples of clinically positive cases were collected and processed. A total of 200 samples (cow and buffalo 100 from each) were collected and processed for CFT. The current data clearly revealed that the percentage of FMD positive sample in cow (76%) was comparatively higher as compared to a percentage (68%) in buffalo (but statistically the ratio of positive samples in cow and buffalo was non-significant (P>0.05). The data showed that 68 samples out of total 100 samples were positive for buffalo and 76 samples out of total 100 samples were positive for the cow.

| Views 20 |

Complement fixation analysis for seroepidemiology of foot-and-mouth disease in District Muzaffargarh

Abubakar M, Arshed MJ, Ali Q, Hussain M. 2012. Spatial trend of Foot-and-Mouth Disease virus (fmdv) serotypes in cattle and buffaloes, Pakistan. Virolog Sinica 27, 320-323.

Abubakar M, Khan EU, Arshed MJ et al. 2015. An appraisal on the occurrence of foot-and-mouth disease virus serotypes in cattle and buffaloes, Pakistan. Arch Virol, 160, 1561-1564.

Bilal M, Suleman M, Raziq A. 2006. Buffalo: Black gold of Pakistan. Livestock Res Rural Develop 18, 140-151.

Brito BP, Mohapatra JK, Subramaniam et al, S. 2017. Dynamics of widespread foot-and-mouth disease virus serotypes a, o and asia-1 in southern asia: A bayesian phylogenetic perspective. Trans Emer Dis.

Gelaye E, Ayelet G, Abera T, Asmare K. 2009. Seroprevalence of Foot-and-Mouth Disease in bench Maji zone, Southwestern Ethiopia. J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health 1, 005-010.

Jamal SM, Ahmed S, Hussain M, Ali Q. 2010. Status of foot-and-mouth disease in Pakistan. Arch Virol 155, 1487-1491.

Khan A , Mushtaq MH, Fatima Z, Khan A. 2016. Seasonal trends in seroprevalence of fmd in bovines under different environmental conditions in rural KPK, Pakistan. Foot 15, 3, 2016.

Kitching RP. 2005. Global epidemiology and prospects for control of foot-and-mouth disease. In: Foot-and-mouth disease virus, B. W. J. Mahy, (Ed.). Springer Berlin Heidelberg, Berlin, Heidelberg pp. 133-148.

Knowles NJ, Samuel AR, Davies PR, Midgley RJ, Valarcher JF. 2005. Pandemic strain of foot-and-mouth disease virus serotype O. Emerg Infect Dis 11, 1887-1893.

Mohamoud A, Tessema E, Degefu H. 2011. Seroprevalence of bovine Foot-and-Mouth Disease (FMD) in Awbere and Babille districts of Jijiga zone, Somalia regional state, eastern Ethiopia. Afr. J. Microbiol. Res. 5, 3559-3563.

Pattnaik B, Subramaniam S, Sanyal Mohapatra JK, Dash BK, Ranjan R, Rout M. 2012. Foot-and-mouth disease: Global status and future road map for control and prevention in india. Agri Res 1, 132-147.

Saeed A, Khan QM, Waheed U, Arshad M, Asif and Farooq M. 2011. Rt-pcr evaluation for identification and sequence analysis of foot-and-mouth disease serotype o from 2006 to 2007 in Punjab, Pakistan. Comp Immun Microb Infec Dis 34, 95-101.

Schaftenaar W. 2002. Use of vaccination against Foot-and-Mouth Disease in zoo animals, endangered species and exceptionally valuable animals. Revue scientifique et technique-Office international des épizooties 21, 613-619.

Sedeh FM, Khorasani A, Shafaee K, Fatolahi H, Arbabi K. 2008. Preparation of fmd type a87/irn inactivated vaccine by gamma irradiation and the immune response on guinea pig. Indian J Microbiol 48, 326-330.

Singh B,Sharma M, Tiwari R. 2007. Effect of Foot-and-Mouth Disease (fmd) vaccination in linkage villages of ivri’s india. Livestock Res Rural Develop 1, 37-45.

Sutmoller P,Barteling SS, Olascoaga RC, Sumption KJ. 2003. Control and eradication of foot-and-mouth disease. Virus Res 91, 101-144.

Zulfiqar M. 2003. Draft report for development of national disease control policy for Foot-and-Mouth Disease in Pakistan under the fao project “support for emergency prevention and control of main trans-boundary animal diseases in Pakistan rinderpest. FMD, PPR.

Sheifa Ejaz, Sajjad Ur Rahman, Ahsan Naveed, Mehboob Ahmad, Ghazal Ejaz.
Complement fixation analysis for seroepidemiology of foot-and-mouth disease in District Muzaffargarh.
Int. J. Biosci. 13(2), 152-157, August 2018.
https://innspub.net/ijb/complement-fixation-analysis-seroepidemiology-foot-mouth-disease-district-muzaffargarh/
Copyright © 2018
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
https://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update