International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Conservation agriculture impacts on soil environment, crop rotations, weeds and residue management- A review

By: Hamza Muneer Asam, Zia-Ul-Haq, Talha Mehmood, M Kazim Nawaz, Sohail Raza Haidree, Abdul Qadeer, Saif-ur-Rehman

Key Words: Conservation agriculture, Zone disk tiller, Happy seeder, Zero seed drill

Int. J. Biosci. 16(4), 418-423, April 2020.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/16.4.418-423

Certification: ijb 2020 0012 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

In Pakistan major cost of production is intensive tillage result in wasting resources, disturbing soil physical properties through clean cultivation worsening the situation. To decrease cost of production, it is the need of time to search alternative crop production systems. Conservation agriculture (CA) is an emerging technology, which serves as an alternate system has been successfully adopted worldwide for sustainable agriculture, to improve soil properties, mitigate climate change, enhance crop yield and reduce input cost. Conservation agriculture, including continuous soil cover, minimal soil disturbance, diverse crop rotations and integrated weed management. Conservation agriculture includes the zero tillage technology, laser land leveling and many other included in it. In the field of sowing, developed models of seed drill was manufactured and tested in the field demonstration to check ability of its working and to compare the yield. The machine is the zero seed drill and the zero till ferti drill is being used for wheat sowing. New resource conservation technologies for sowing as Happy Seeder and Zone Disk Tiller Machines works on the principle of zero tillage. Promotion of CA can be enhanced by encouraging local manufacture of zero tillage drills and on farm trainings of the community. CA is the need of hour to combat desertification and provide a healthy environment for coming generations and resource poor farmers of Pakistan.

| Views 17 |

| Views 17 |

Conservation agriculture impacts on soil environment, crop rotations, weeds and residue management- A review

Christos D. 2015 Conservation Agriculture. Nutrient Management Perspectives in Conservation Agriculture 4, 79-107.

Ghosh PK, Das A, Munda GC, Patel DP, Saha R. 2011 Prospects and opportunities for conservation agriculture in rice-based cropping systems of North-East India. Conservation Agriculture News Letter 18, 4-5.

Grover D, Sharma T. 2011 Alternative resource conservative technologies in agriculture: Impact analysis of zero-tillage technology in Punjab. Indian J Agri Res 45 (4), 283-90.

Hemmat A, Eskandari I. 2006. Dryland winter wheat response to conservation tillage in a continuous cropping system in northwestern Iran. Soil and Tillage Research 86, 99-109.

Ijaz SS, Safdar A. 2007. Tillage and mulch effects on profile moisture dynamics, fallow efficiency and rainfed wheat yields in potowar. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Sciences 44(1).

Jat ML, Singh RG, Saharawat YS, Gathala MK, Kumar V, Sidhu SH, Gupta R. (2009) Innovations through conservation agriculture: Progress and prospects of participatory approach in the Indo-Gangetic plains. 4th World Congress on Conservation Agriculture, New Delhi, India, 4-7 Feb, 60-4.

Khan MI, Jan A, Hussain N, Jan MT, Qadoos M. 2011. Rainfed wheat response to tillage and nitrogen. Sarhad J. Agric 27, No.4.

Mkomwa S, Kaumbutho S, Makungu P. 2015. Conservation Agriculture Farm Machinery for Conservation Agriculture 5, 109-131.

Mohammad W, Shah SM, Shehzadi S, Shah SA, Nawaz H. 2006. Wheat and oat yields and water use efficiency as influenced by tillage under rainfed condition. Soil and Environment 25(1), 48-54.

Paul LG, Tamene L. 2005 Conservation Agriculture: Why? 4th World Congress on Conservation Agriculture, New Delhi, India, 4-7 Feb, 10.

Ramakrishna YS, Vittal KPR, Sharma KL. 2005. Conservation agriculture in rain fed semi-arid tropics. Some past experiences, lessons learnt and future scopes. Conservation Agriculture Status Prospects, 200.

Singh VP, Barman KK, Raghwendra S, Sharma AR. 2015. Conservation Agriculture. Weed Management in Conservation Agriculture Systems 3, 39-77.

Hamza Muneer Asam, Zia-Ul-Haq, Talha Mehmood, M Kazim Nawaz, Sohail Raza Haidree, Abdul Qadeer, Saif-ur-Rehman.
Conservation agriculture impacts on soil environment, crop rotations, weeds and residue management- A review.
Int. J. Biosci. 16(4), 418-423, April 2020.
https://innspub.net/ijb/conservation-agriculture-impacts-soil-environment-crop-rotations-weeds-residue-management-review/
Copyright © 2020
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
https://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update