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Contamination of heavy metals in River Indus at Thakot Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

By: Khalid Usman, Hameed Ur Rehman, Khalid Pervaiz, Inayat Ullah Malik, Sahibzada Muhammad Jawad, Wahid Shah, Azizullah, Arshad Mehmood, Rafiq Hussain, Faiz Ur Rehman

Key Words: Water, Thakot, Anthropogenic, Contamination, Heavy metals, Indus

Int. J. Biosci. 12(5), 201-205, May 2018.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/12.5.201-205

Certification: ijb 2018 0063 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Aquatic life needs proper safe environment for normal life survival. In case of contamination, disturbance occurs and declines the aquatic fauna and flora. The aim of the current investigation was to assess the concentration of the toxic metals such as Pb, Zn, Cu, Cr, Cd and Mn respectively. A study was design in River Indus at Thakot Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Heavy metals concentration obtained from the present study was Zn 1.15-1.86 ppm; Cu 1.06-1.25 ppm; Cd 0.05-1.39 ppm; Pb 0.03-1.22 ppm; Cr 0.04-0.13 pm and Mn 0.02-0.06 ppm respectively. In this examination Cu, Cd, Pb and Cr were above the permissible limits. From the current study, it can be reviled that this site is contaminated by the anthropogenic activities.

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Contamination of heavy metals in River Indus at Thakot Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

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Usman K, Rehman HU, Khudadad HS, Pervaiz K, Ali SZUA, Maqsood MJ, Jawad SM, Nazir R, Ihtesham Y. 2017f. Evaluation of heavy metals in River Kabul at Khazana Sugar Mill Peshawar Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies 5(6), 2417-2419.

Usman K, Rehman HU, Khudadad HS, Pervaiz K, Ali SZUA, Maqsood MJ, Jawad SM, Nazir R, Ihtesham Y. 2017g. Exploration of heavy metals in River Kabul at marble factory Kond Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies 5(6), 2272-2274.

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Khalid Usman, Hameed Ur Rehman, Khalid Pervaiz, Inayat Ullah Malik, Sahibzada Muhammad Jawad, Wahid Shah, Azizullah, Arshad Mehmood, Rafiq Hussain, Faiz Ur Rehman.
Contamination of heavy metals in River Indus at Thakot Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
Int. J. Biosci. 12(5), 201-205, May 2018.
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