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Current status and adoption of mechanized agriculture in Pakistan- A review

By: M Kazim Nawaz, Zia-Ul-Haq, Talha Mehmood, Hamza Muneer Asam, Sohail Raza Haidree, Abdul Qadeer

Key Words: Farm mechanization, Tractor population, Farm power, Agricultural machinery

Int. J. Biosci. 15(4), 423-432, October 2019.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/15.4.423-432

Certification: ijb 2019 0351 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Presently about 0.94 million of tractors are working in Pakistan, offering a farm power of about 0.84hp/acre. Domestic tractor unit manufacturing in Pakistan risen nearly 14.6 percent during the 2017-18 fiscal year. Production increased to 63,054 tractor units by 19.6 percent compared to last year’s 54,992 units, with additional 901 thousand of chisel ploughs and 108 thousand mould board plough while tillage operation for soil bed planning is the only procedure that is nearly 100 percent mechanized in the country for almost all crops. The planting and spraying equipment industry has risen from 70 and 21 thousand in 2004 to 295 and 1438 thousand in 2014 respectively. Thresher market in Pakistan is estimated at 20,000-30,000 units per annum through sales resulting in nearly 100 percent mechanized cereal crop threshing operation. The average crop yield can be improved by raising the available horse power per hectare and adequate managing of agricultural machinery. It is concluded from the review of different survey and research conducted on farm mechanization that optimum level of mechanized agriculture is attained as per FAO optimum farm power requirement per unit area for crop production. However, it is still less than many developed and developing countries that’s why yield is also two to four times less than Japan, Europe, Canada, USA, etc. In Pakistan Tractors are commonly used in industry, building and road construction not contributing agriculture. To increase yield per unit area proper used of tractor with farm equipment should made compulsory.

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Current status and adoption of mechanized agriculture in Pakistan- A review

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M Kazim Nawaz, Zia-Ul-Haq, Talha Mehmood, Hamza Muneer Asam, Sohail Raza Haidree, Abdul Qadeer.
Current status and adoption of mechanized agriculture in Pakistan- A review.
Int. J. Biosci. 15(4), 423-432, October 2019.
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