International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Developmental stability via Fluctuating Asymmetry in the shell shape of Gafrarium tumidum (Tumid Venus Clam) found in Panguil bay

By: Irish Antabo, Sharon Rose Tabugo

Key Words: Gafrarium tumidum, developmental stability, fluctuating asymmetry, Procrustes ANOVA, SAGE.

Int. J. Biosci. 12(3), 122-130, March 2018.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/12.3.122-130

Certification: ijb 2018 0002 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Fluctuating asymmetry is the extent at which an organism departs from the ideal symmetry. It increases as the environmental stress increases and thus referred to as a tool for measuring developmental stability and environment quality. The purpose of the study is to demonstrate the use of fluctuating asymmetry as a tool for monitoring developmental stability of Gafrarium tumidum (Tumid venus clam) and environment. This study determined the developmental stability of G. tumidum via fluctuating asymmetry collected from two coastal areas around Panguil Bay. Thirteen anatomical landmarks were used and were subjected to Procrustes superimposition and Principal Component Analysis (PCA) using “Symmetry and Asymmetry in Geometric Data” (SAGE) program. Procrustes ANOVA result showed no significant evidence of fluctuating asymmetry on both populations. But yield significant result for directional asymmetry, ‘sides’ interaction which suggests that observed variation in populations examined is of genetic origin and not due to environmental stress. It also suggests that populations in the area have the ability to buffer stress. Thus, G. tumidum is relatively developmentally stable and the environment that it inhabits is fairly tolerable. Hence, relatively fit for cultivation to maximize yield for food production.

| Views 35 |

Developmental stability via Fluctuating Asymmetry in the shell shape of Gafrarium tumidum (Tumid Venus Clam) found in Panguil bay

Albarrán-Lara AL, Mendoza-Cuenca L, Valencia-Avalos S, González-Rodríguez A,  Oyama K. 2010. Leaf fluctuating asymmetry increases with hybridization and introgression between Quercus magnoliifolia and Quercus resinosa (Fagaceae) through an altitudinal gradient in Mexico. International Journal of Plant Sciences 171, 310-322.

https://doi.org/10.1086/650317

Ambo-Rappe R, Lajus DL, Schreider MJ. 2008. Higher fluctuating asymmetry: Indication of stress on Andara trapezia associated with contaminated seagrass. Environmental Bioindicators 3, 3-10.

https://doi.org/10.1080/15555270701779460

Anne P, Mawri F, Gladstone S, Freeman DC. 1998. Is fluctuating asymmetry a reliable biomonitor of stress? A test using life history parameters in soybean. International Journal of Plant Sciences 159, 559–565.

https://doi.org/10.1086/297573

Cabiluna KML, Tabugo SRM. 2017. Determining developmental instability via fluctuating asymmetry in the shell shape of Venerupis philippinarum (Manila Clam). International Journal of Biosciences 11, 73-84.

http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/11.4.73-84

Cabrera OC, Villanoy CL, David LT, Gordon AL. 2011. Barrier layer control of entrainment and upwelling in the Bohol Sea, Philippines. Oceanography 24, 130–141.

http://www.jstor.org/stable/24861246

Clarke GM. 1993. Fluctuating asymmetry of invertebrate populations as a biological indicator of environmental quality. Environmental Pollution 82, 207–211.

Escós JM, Alados CL, Pugnaire FI, Puigdefábregas J, Emlen JM. 2000. Stress resistance strategy in arid land shrub: interaction between developmental instability and fractal dimension. Journal of Arid Environments 45, 325-336.

https://doi.org/10.1006/jare.2000.0641

Graham JH, Raz S, Hagit H, Nevo E. 2010. Fluctuating Asymmetry: Methods, Theory and Applications. Symmetry 2, 466-495.

https://doi.org/10.3390/sym2020466

Graham JH, Freeman DC, Emlen JM. 1993. Developmental stability:  A sensitive indicator of populations under stress. In: Landis, WG; Hughes, JS; Lewis MA (eds.). Environmental Toxicology and Risk Assessment, ASTM STP, Philadelphia, PA: American Society for Testing Materials, 1179.

Jagadis I, Rajagopal S. 2007. Age and growth of the venus clam Gafrarium tumidum (Roding) from south-east coast of India. Indian Journal of Fisheries 54, 351-356.

Jimenez JU, De Guzman AB, Jimenez CR, Acuña RE. 2009. Panguil Bay Fisheries over the Decades: Status and Managaement Challenges. Journal of Environment and Aquatic Resources 1, 15-31.

Jones JS. 1987. An asymmetrical view of fitness. Nature 325, 298-299.

https://doi.org/10.1038/325298a0

Klingenberg CP, McIntyre GS, Zaklan SD. 1998. Left-right asymmetry of fly wings and the evolution of body axes. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B Biological Sciences 265,1255– 1259.

https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.1998.0427

Leong RA, de la Seña CA, Torres MAJ, Demayo CG. 2013. Describing morphological and enzyme polymorphism in the Ribbed Venus Clam Gafrarium tumidum from five marine coastal locations in Mindanao, Philippines. AACL Bioflux 6, 268-280.

Marquez E. 2006. Sage: symmetry and asymmetry in geometric data. Ver 1.04. Michigan, USA: University of Michigan Museum of Zoology, 2-7.

Mather K. 1953. Genetical control of stability in development. Heredity 7, 297-336.

https://doi.org/10.1038/hdy.1953.41

Ologuin MM, Roa EC, Uy WH. 2009. In vitro lead accumulation in Gracilaria coronopifolia and Gracilaria eucheumoides. Journal of Environment and Aquatic Resources 1, 87-98.

Palmer AR, Strobeck C. 2003. Fluctuating asymmetry analyses revisited. In: Polak M, Ed. Developmental Instability: causes and consequences. New York, USA: University Press, 279-280.

Roxas PG, Abrea RA, Uy WH. 2009. Impacts of Management Intervention on the Aquatic Habitats of Panguil Bay, Philippines. Journal of Environment and Aquatic Resources 1, 1-14.

Samuels ML, Casellsa G, McCabe GP. 1991 Interpreting blocks and random factors: rejoiner. Journals of the American Statistical Association 86, 798-808.

Tampus AD, Apuan DA, Jabbar MM, Salapuddin FB. 2014. Characterization of seawater quality in stressed coastal zone of Iligan Bay. AES Bioflux 6, 7-16.

Yusof  AM, Yanta NF, Wood AKH. 2004. The use of bivalves as bio-indicators in the assessment of marine pollution along a coastal area. Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry 259, 119-127.

https://doi.org/10.1023/B:JRNC.0000015816.16869.6f

Irish Antabo, Sharon Rose Tabugo.
Developmental stability via Fluctuating Asymmetry in the shell shape of Gafrarium tumidum (Tumid Venus Clam) found in Panguil bay.
Int. J. Biosci. 12(3), 122-130, March 2018.
https://innspub.net/ijb/developmental-stability-via-fluctuating-asymmetry-shell-shape-gafrarium-tumidum-tumid-venus-clam-found-panguil-bay/
Copyright © 2018
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
https://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update