International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Diversity of Soil Surface Arthropods on Shallots Plants (Allium ascalonicum L.) Applied by Several Botanical Pesticides In Peatlands

By: Risda Yetna Meiyana, Salamiah, Samharinto Soedijo, Muhammad Indar Pramudi

Key Words: Botanical pesticides, Diversity of arthropods, Peatlands, Shallots.

Int. J. Biosci. 19(3),73-82, September 2021.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/19.3.73-82

Certification: ijb 2021 0283 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

To overcome the pest insects problems in shallots, farmers still use chemical pesticides with a lot of negative impacts, so they are offered the use of botanical pesticides such as Kepayang (Pangium edule) seeds, Kirinyu (Chromolaena odorata) leaves and Galam (Melaleuca leucadendron) leaves as an alternative environmentally-friendly control. This study aims to determine whether botanical pesticides applied to shallot plants affect the diversity of arthropods on the soil’s surface and identify what types of arthropods are found in shallot cultivation in shallot cultivation peatlands. This research was conducted from April-August 2019. The research was carried out in Tegal Arum village, Landasan Ulin District, Banjarbaru City, South Kalimantan. The method used was an experimental method with a Randomized Block Design (RBD), one factor with five treatments and 4 replications. The variables observed were diversity index, evenness index, species wealth index & dominance index and arthropod types. The results showed a diversity of arthropod species from highest to lowest, namely in the treatment of Kepayang seed extract (2.03), Galam leaf extract (2.00), Kirinyu leaf extract (1.80), Chemical Pesticides (active ingredient Monosultap) of (0.78) and control (2.31). Arthropods were found in as many as 19 species from 10 orders. Four species act as pests, one species as a vector and the others as predators and decomposers.

| Views 22 |

| Views 22 |

Diversity of Soil Surface Arthropods on Shallots Plants (Allium ascalonicum L.) Applied by Several Botanical Pesticides In Peatlands

Agus YH. 2007. Diversity of Collembola, Ants and Surface Spiders in Four Types of Land Use. IPB Postgraduate Dissertation. Bogor.  Annam AC, Nur K. 2017. Arthropod Diversity in the Planting of Cabbage (Brassica oleracea L.) Applied with Chemical and Botanical Insecticides. Agrotekbis 5(3), 308-314.

Arya M, Wawan, Wardati.  2017. The Diversity of Soils Macrofauna Around the Rubber Tree (Havea braciliensis Muell. Arg) in Peatlands That Overgrown and not Overgronwn By Mucuna bracteata. Jom Faperta 4(1), 1-13.

Asikin S, Maulia AS. 2018. Insektisida nabati rawa terhadap hama pemakan daun tanaman sayuran sawi di lahan rawa pasang surut. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Lahan Basah 3(1), 23-29.

Dadang, Djoko P. 2008. Botanical Insecticide, Principles, Utilization, and Development.Department of Plant Protection IPB. Bogor., p 163. Herlinda S, Waluyo, Estuningsih SP, Irsan C. 2008. Species Diversity and Abundance Comparison of the Soil-dwelling predatory-arthropods Inhabiting Fields Applied by Insecticide and without Insecticide Application. Indonesian Journal of Entomology 5(2), 96-107. https://doi.org/10.5994/jei.5.2.96 Ilhamiyah.  2019. Agroecosystem Management Pattern in Increasing Arthropod Diversity and Mustard Production in Mustard Plantations. Dissertation. Agricultural Doctoral Program, Postgraduate Program Universitas Lambung Mangkurat. Banjarbaru. Ilhamiyah, Salamiah, Samharinto, Hakimah H.  2019.  Agroecosystem Management on Green Mustard Plants in Wetlands During Dry Season.  Journal of Wetlands Environmental Management,  IJWEM 7(1), 41 – 49. http://dx.doi.org/10.20527/jwem.v7i1.18.9

Kalshoven LGE. 1981. Pest of Crops In Indonesia. Revised and Translated by P.A.Van Der Laan. PT Ichtiar Baru-Van Hoeve. Jakarta. 701 p.

Kunarso A, Fatahul A. 2013. Understorey Diversity on Several Plantation Forest Stands in Benakat, South Sumatra. Jurnal Penelitian Hutan Tanaman 10(2), 85-98.

http://dx.doi.org/10.20886/jpht.2013.10.2.85-98

Lilies CS. 2017. Kunci Determinasi Serangga. Penerbit Kanisius. Yogyakarta. Nugraha MN, Damayanti B, Ali N, Akhmad R. 2014. Trophic Interaction Between Pests and Parasitoids in Vegetable Crops: Determining Factors and Its Implication to Parasitoid Effectiveness. Indonesian Journal of Entomology 11(2), 103-112. http://dx.doi.org/10.5994/jei.11.2.96 Nurhasbah, Safrida, Asiah MD. 2017. Toxicity Test of Kirinyuh (Eupatorium odoratum L.) Leaf Extract Against Mortality of Golden Snail (Pomacea canaliculata). Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan Unsyiah 2(1), 31-39.  Oka ID. 2005. Pengendalian Hama Terpadu dan Implementasinya di Indonesia. Gadjah Mada University. Press. Yogyakarta. Pranata A. 2018.Arthropod Diversity On the Soil on Soybean (Glycine max L. Merril) Plants Applied by Some Botanical Pesticides in Tidal Swamp Land. Department of Agroecotechnology. Faculty of Agriculture, Lambung Mangkurat University. Banjarbaru.Pelawi AP. 2010. Indeks Keanekaragaman Jenis Serangga Pada Beberapa Ekosistem di Areal Perkebunan PT. Umbul Mas Wisesa Kab. Labuhan Batu. Departemen Ilmu Hama dan Penyakit Tumbuhan Fakultas Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Sumatera Utara., p 60. Wibowo S. 2006. Budidaya Bawang Putih, Bawang Merah dan Bawang Bombay. Penebar Swadaya. Jakarta. p 85-95. Willis M. 2016. Efikasi Insektisida Berbahan Nabati Terhadap Ulat Plutella (Plutella Xylostella L.) di Pertanaman Sawi Lahan Rawa Pasang Surut. Jurnal latihan 1(1).

Risda Yetna Meiyana, Salamiah, Samharinto Soedijo, Muhammad Indar Pramudi.
Diversity of Soil Surface Arthropods on Shallots Plants (Allium ascalonicum L.) Applied by Several Botanical Pesticides In Peatlands.
Int. J. Biosci. 19(3),73-82, September 2021.
https://innspub.net/ijb/diversity-of-soil-surface-arthropods-on-shallots-plants-allium-ascalonicum-l-applied-by-several-botanical-pesticides-in-peatlands/
Copyright © 2021
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
https://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update