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A dose-dependent study of carbon metabolism under Pb stress in the cyanobacterium Nostoc muscorum Meg 1

By: Balakyntiewshisha L. Kynshi, Rabbul Ibne A. Ahad, Meguovilie Sachu, Luxemburgh Hynniewta, Tridip Phukan, Mayashree B. Syiem

Key Words: Pb exposure, Photo-pigments, Carbohydrate, Biomass, D1 protein, RuBisCO.

Int. J. Biosci. 17(3), 241-253, September 2020.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/17.3.241-253

Certification: ijb 2020 0063 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Lead (Pb) is one of the most abundant heavy metals and its toxic effects cause environmental and health problems. Pb occurs naturally in the environment. However, most lead concentrations that are found in the environment are a result of human activities including burning fossil fuels, mining and manufacturing. In the present study, we checked into the effects of Pb on growth, pigments, PSII activity, carbohydrate and biomass production in the cyanobacterium Nostoc muscorum Meg 1 using different concentrations ranging from 10 ppm to 80 ppm. Pb at lower concentration (10-40 ppm) enhanced the growth by increasing photosynthetic pigments such as chlorophyll a, phycobiliproteins and carotenoids; by increasing concentration of D1 protein that hosts the PSII complex of photosynthetic electron transport chain and by positively modulating the concentration of RuBisCO, the key enzyme for CO2 fixation. Conversely, a higher concentration of Pb (60-80 ppm) adversely affected all parameters studied bringing down the organism’s growth and biomass production. Augmentation of various components of carbon fixation at a lower concentration in this organism indicates that Pb at lower doses was not considered toxic but it could lead to eutrophication of lakes, rivers and water reservoirs rendering them unusable for human and animal consumption.

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A dose-dependent study of carbon metabolism under Pb stress in the cyanobacterium Nostoc muscorum Meg 1

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Balakyntiewshisha L. Kynshi, Rabbul Ibne A. Ahad, Meguovilie Sachu, Luxemburgh Hynniewta, Tridip Phukan, Mayashree B. Syiem.
A dose-dependent study of carbon metabolism under Pb stress in the cyanobacterium Nostoc muscorum Meg 1.
Int. J. Biosci. 17(3), 241-253, September 2020.
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