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Effect of blood electrolytes in hypertensive and heart attack patients

By: Aamir Khan Awan, Yar Muhammad Khan, Matiullah, Rahmat Ali Khan, Khayal Muhammad

Key Words: Blood electrolytes (sodium, potassium and calcium), hypertension, heart attack.

Int. J. Biosci. 15(5), 1-8, November 2019.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/15.5.1-8

Certification: ijb 2019 0188 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

A number of electrolytes are involved in the regulation of blood pressure (BP) and the pathophysiology of heart attack (HA).  In present study, we have studied blood sodium (Na), calcium (Ca) and potassium (K) concentration in hypertensive and heart attack patients. Our hypothesis was that whether the hypertensive and heart attack patients have high levels of Na+, Ca+2 and K+2. Twenty five (25) patients of heart attack, twenty five (25) patients of hypertension and 10th control healthy individuals were randomly selected from blood sampling. Informed consent was taken from each patient before sampling, blood was centrifuged and plasma was separated. Flam photometer was used to analyze electrolytes concentration in these samples. Unpaired t-test was used for statistical analysis. Statistical analysis has shown that sodium (Na) and potassium (K) shows more significant deference in in hypertensive patients (BP), and less significant in heart attack (HA) patients. Similarly Calcium (Ca) shows less significant in hypertensive patients (BP) and heart attack (HA) patients. In the light of our experiment, we conclude there that increase of sodium (Na) in blood may cause to rise blood pressure which lead to risk of  hearts attack, In balance conditions potassium (K) and calcium (Ca) have role in maintenance of normal blood pressure. However there is no conclusive and correct statement about calcium in this respect. In current studies, it was suggested that the unbalance condition of sodium (Na) and potassium (K) may increase risk factors of BP and heart attack patients.

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Effect of blood electrolytes in hypertensive and heart attack patients

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Aamir Khan Awan, Yar Muhammad Khan, Matiullah, Rahmat Ali Khan, Khayal Muhammad.
Effect of blood electrolytes in hypertensive and heart attack patients.
Int. J. Biosci. 15(5), 1-8, November 2019.
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