International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Effect of genotype × location interaction on some agronomic characters of M7 of local rice mutant lines of South Kalimantan, Indonesia

By: Raihani Wahdah, Gusti Rusmayadi, Rahmi Zulhidiani, Hikma Ellya

Key Words: Agronomic characters, local rice, G × E interaction, mutant lines.

Int. J. Biosci. 13(2), 42-52, August 2018.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/13.2.42-52

Certification: ijb 2018 0166 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Differences in land typology have implications for yield, that are influenced by genetic (G), environment (E), and G × E. The aim of this experiment was to study G × E interaction on performance of M7 mutant lines. This experiment have been done based on RBD at 2 locations for 6 months. Variables observed were plant height (PH), flowering date (FD) and plant age (PA), panicles number (PN), panicle length (PL), filled grains/panicle (FG/P),  % of filled grains (PFG), and yield (Y). Results of experiment showed that G × E effect were  significantly on FD, PA, PN, GW/P, PFG, and Y.  The shortest of FD was G-10 (81 DAS) in Sungai Rangas Hambuku (SRH) but not significantly from 14 lines in SRH and 1 line in Tanjung Harapan (TH). The PA was G-1 in SRH (111 DAS), but not significantly from 5 lines in SRH and 1 lines in TH.  The highest PN, GW/P, PFG, and Y were respectively  27.5 (G-25 in SRH) and not significantly from 4 lines and 1 control in SRH, 2.52 g (K-3 in SRH) but not significantly from 3 lines in RSH, 92.02 % (G-19 in TH) but not significantly from 2 lines in SRH,  and 8.01 t ha-1 (G-13 in SRH) but not significantly  from 5 lines and 1 control in SRH. The consistent  of lines or controls performance  in 2 locations were 12 lines and 1 control for  FD, none for PA, 5 lines for PN,  5 lines and 3 kontrol  for GW/P,  7 lines for % of filled grains, and 2 lines for Y.

| Views 82 |

Effect of genotype × location interaction on some agronomic characters of M7 of local rice mutant lines of South Kalimantan, Indonesia

Arshad MA, Bakhsh AM, Haqqani, Bashir M. 2003. Genotype – environment interaction for grain yield in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Pakistan  Journal  Botany  35(2),181-186.

Aryana IGPM. 2009. Adaptasi dan stabilitas hasil galur-galur padi beras merah pada tiga lingkungan tumbuh. Jurnal Agronomy Indonesia 37(2),95 – 100.

Benmoussa Achouch A, Zhu J. 2005. QTL analysis of genetic main effects and genotype × environment interaction effects  for yield components in rice (Oryza sativa L.). Journal of Food, Agriculture & Environment  3(4), 133-137. Abstract.

Daradjat AA, Dan Rumanti IA. 2002. Pola pewarisan sifat ukuran dan bentuk biji padi sawah. Penelitian Pertanian Tanaman Pangan 21(2), 1-4.

Dewi IS, Lestari EG, Chaerani, Yunita R. 2015. Penampilan galur harapan mutan dihaploid padi tipe baru di Sulawesi Selatan. Jurnal Agronomy Indonesia 43(2), 89 – 98.

Djaenudin D. 2008. Perkembangan penelitian sumberdaya lahan dan kontribusinya untuk mengatasi kebutuhan lahan pertanian di Indonesia.  Jurnal Litbang Pertanian 27(4), 137-145.

Gillespie JH, Turelli M. 1989. Genotype-environment interactions  and the maintenance of polygenic  variation. Genetics 121(1), 129-138.

Hairmansis A, Aswidinoor H, Supartopo, Suwarno WB, Suprihatno B,  danSuwarno. 2013. Potensi hasil dan mutu beras sepuluh galur harapan padi untuk lahan rawa pasang-surut.  Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia 41(1), 1 – 8.

Hatta M. 2011.  Pengaruh tipe jarak tanam terhadap anakan, komponen hasil,  dan hasil dua varietas padi pada metode SRI. Jurnal Floratek 6(2), 104-113 104.

https://doi.org/10.24815/floratek.v7i2.529

Hatta M. 2012a. Pengaruh jarak tanam heksagonal terhadap pertumbuhan dan hasil tiga varietas padi. Jurnal Floratek 7(-), 150 – 156.

https://doi.org/10.24815/floratek.v7i2.529

Hatta M. 2012b. Uji jarak tanam system legowo terhadap pertumbuhan dan hasil beberapa varietas padi pada metode SRI. Jurnal Agrista 16(2), 87-93.

Itoh Y, Yamada Y. 1990. Relationships between genotype x environment interaction and genetic correlation of the same trait measured in different environments. Theoritical and  Applied  Genetics. International Journal of Plant Breeding Research 80(1), 11-16. Summary.

Khairullah I, Mawardi, danSarwani M. 2006. Karakteristik dan Pengelolaan Lahan Rawa: 7. Sumberdaya hayati pertanian lahan rawa. Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Sumberdaya Lahan Pertanian. H. 203-228.

Maamun MY, Sabran M.  1998.  Sintesis hasil penelitian tanaman pangan lahan rawa.  Dalam Sabran M, Maamun MY, Sjachrani A, Prayudi B, Noor I, danSulaiman S (eds.).  Prosiding Hasil Penelitian Menunjang Akselarasi Pengembangan Lahan Pasang Surut.   Balitbang Pertanian. Puslitbang Tanaman Pangan.  Balai Penelitian Tanaman Pangan Lahan Rawa.  H. 27-39.

Miranda GV,  de Souza LV, Guimarães LJS, Namorato H, Oliveira LR, Soares MO. 2009.

Multivariate analyses of genotype x environment interaction of popcorn. Pesquisa Agropecuaria Brasiliera  44(1).

http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100204X2009000100007

Mulyani A, Ritung S, dan Las I.  2011.  Potensi dan ketersediaan sumberdaya lahan untuk mendukung ketahanan pangan. Jurnal Litbang Pertanian 30(2),73-80.

Munarso YP. 2011. Keragaan padi hibrida pada system pengairan intermittent dan tergenang.  Penelitian Pertanian Tanaman Pangan 30(3), 189-195.

http://dx.doi.org/10.21082/jpptp.v30n3.2011.p%25p

Noorsyamsi H, Anwarhan, Sulaiman S, Beachell HM.  1984.  Rice cultivation of the tidal swamps of Kalimantan. In. Workshop on Research  Priorities in Tidal Swamp Rice.  IRRI.  Philippines.

Peng S, Huang J, Sheehy JE, Laza RC, Visperas RM,  Zhong X, Centeno GS, Khush GS, and Cassman KG.  2004. Rice yields decline with higher night temperature from global warming. PNAS  101(27), 9971–9975.

Purcell S. 2002. Variance components models for gene–environment interaction in twin analysis. Twin Research  5(6), 554–571.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1375/twin.5.6.554.

Purchase  JL. 1997. Parametric analysis to describe genetic x environment interaction and yield stability in winter wheat. Thesis Presented for PhD in The Faculty of Agriculture,  Department of Agronomy at University of The Orange Free State, Bloemfontein. 83 p.

Sa’diyah H. 2012. Pendugaan non-parametrik dan

analisis komponen terhadap stabilitas padi sawah (OryzaSativa). Statistika 12(2), 103 – 108. ejournal.unisba.ac.id

Satoto, Widyastuti Y, Susanto U, dan Mejaya MJ. 2013. Perbedaan hasil padi antar musim di lahan sawah irigasi. Iptek Tanaman Pangan 8(2), 55-61.

Sial MA, Arain MA, Ahmad M. 2000. Genotype x enviroment interaction on bread wheat grown over multiple sites and years in Pakistan.  Pakistan Journal of Botany 32(1), 85-91. pakbs.org

Sreedhar S, Reddy TD, Ramesha MS. 2011. Genotype x environment interaction stability for yield and its components in hybrid rice cultivars (Oryza sativa L.). Internasional Journal of Plant Breeding and Genetics 5(3), 194-208.

http://dx.doi.org/10.3923/ijpbg.2011.194.208

Steel RGD, Torrie JH. 1994. Prinsip dan Prosedur Statistika. Edisi 2. Terjemahan Sumantri B. PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama. Jakarta.

Sulaiman S,  Imberan M.  1996.  Varietas unggul padi peka fotoperiod diperlukan untuk lahan rawa.  Dalam Prayudi B, Maamun MY, Sulaiman S, Saderi DI, dan Noor I (eds.). Prosiding Seminar Teknologi Sistem Usaha Tani Lahan Rawa & Lahan Kering.    Balitbang Pertanian, Puslitbang Tanaman Pangan.  Balai Penelitian Tanaman Pangan Lahan Rawa.  Banjarbaru.H.227-231.

Trustinah dan Iswanto R. 2013. Pengaruh interaksi genotype dan lingkungan terhadap hasil kacang hijau. Penelitian Pertanian Tanaman Pangan 32( 1), 36-42.

http://dx.doi.org/10.2108/jpptp.v32n1.2013.p%25p

Tubur HW, Chozin MA, Santosa E, Junaedi A. 2012. Respon agronomi varietas padi terhadap periode kekeringan pada system sawah. Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia 40(3), 167 – 173.

http://dx.doi.org/10.2483/jai.v40i3.6796

Wahdah R  dan Langai BF. 2009.  Observasi varietas padi lokal di lahan pasang surut Kalimantan Selatan (Observation of rice local varieties on tidal swamp area of South Kalimantan).  Agroscientiae 16(3), 177-184.

Wahdah R dan Langai BF. 2010.  Preferensi petani terhadap varietas padi lokal di area pasang surut Kabupaten Tanah Laut dan Kabupaten Barito Kuala.  Media Sains 2(1), 114-120.

Wahdah R, Rumayadi G dan Zulhidiani R. 2016a. Keseragaman dalam galur dan keragaman antar galur mutan padi hasil iradiasi varietas lokal Kalimantan Selatan.  Jurnal Ilmiah Aplikasi Isotop dan Radiasi. A Scientific Journal for The Applications of Isotopes and Radiation 12(2), 113-121.

http://dx.doi.org/10.17146/jair.2016.12.2.1602

Wahdah R, Rusmayadi G, Zulhidiani R. 2016b. Performing of  agronomic characters of M6  of local rice mutant lines  of South Kalimantan.  International Journal of Bioscience  9(6),114-124.

http://dx.doi.org.10.12692/ijb/96.114-124.

Widjaja-Adhi IPG, Suriadikarta DA, Sutriadi MT, Subiksa IGM, dan Suastika IW. 2000. Pengelolaan, pemanfaatan, dan  pengembangan lahan rawa. hal. 127-164. Dalam: Adimihardja A, Amien LI, AgusF,dan Jaenuddin D (eds.). Sumberdaya Lahan Indonesia dan Pengelolaannya.  Pusat Penelitian Tanah dan Agroklimat, Bogor.

Yamada Y. 1962. Genotype by environment interaction and genetic correlation of the same trait under different environments.  Japan Journal Genetic  37(6), 498-509.

http://doi.org/10.1266/jjg.37.498

Yan J,  Zhu J, He C, Benmoussa M, Wu P.  1998. Molecular dissection of developmental behavior of plant height in rice (Oryza sativa L.). Genetics 150(3), 1257–1265.

http://www.genetics.org/content/150/3

Raihani Wahdah, Gusti Rusmayadi, Rahmi Zulhidiani, Hikma Ellya.
Effect of genotype × location interaction on some agronomic characters of M7 of local rice mutant lines of South Kalimantan, Indonesia.
Int. J. Biosci. 13(2), 42-52, August 2018.
https://innspub.net/ijb/effect-genotype-x-location-interaction-agronomic-characters-m7-local-rice-mutant-lines-south-kalimantan-indonesia/
Copyright © 2018
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
https://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update