International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Effect on yield and fiber quality traits of transgenic cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) by soil and foliar application of potassium

By: Sagheer Ahmad, Nazism Hussain

Key Words: Foliar application, Fiber quality, Potassium, Transgenic cotton, Yield.

Int. J. Biosci. 14(2), 327-339, February 2019.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/14.2.327-339

Certification: ijb 2019 0152 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

For textile industries of world fiber obtained from cotton is one of essential raw material. It is documented that fiber strength and length decide the quality of yarn to a great extent. However, low uptake of potassium (K) induced a premature senescence in cotton that adversely affects the fiber properties of cotton. As relation behind the improvement in cotton fiber properties and fiber development by balance uptake of K is yet unclear, it hypothesized that better K availability would have the potential to improve cotton yield and fiber quality. Therefore, two years of successive study was conducted to quantify the effect of supplemental foliar-applied potassium with a basal application on cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) yield and lint quality. The experiment layout was split plot randomized complete block design with four replications and treatments consisted of three potassium rates (0, 100, 150 Kg K ha-1) with two application regimes (soil and soil + foliar), 2% K2O foliar sprays were applied during peak flowering stages. Results indicated that application of 150 kg ha–1 significantly improved plant height (34%), nodes plant-1 (29%), inter-nodal distance (27%), bolls plant-1 (61%), boll weight (22%) and seed cotton yield (29%). It is concluded that 2% K2O with soil application of K is more effective tool to staple length while application of 150 kg ha–1 can significantly improve yield of cotton.

| Views 56 |

Effect on yield and fiber quality traits of transgenic cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) by soil and foliar application of potassium

Abaye AO. 2009. Potassium fertilization of cotton, Virginia Cooperative Extension 418-025.

https://pubs.ext.vt.edu/418/418-025/418-025.html

Ahmad N, Rashid M. 2003. Fertilizer and their use in Pakistan. NDFC Extension Bulletin, Islamabad.

Akhtar ME, Sardar A, Ashraf M, Akhtar M, Khan MZ. 2003. Effect of Potash Application on Seed Cotton Yield and Yield Components of Selected Cotton Varieties. Asian Journal of Plant Sciences 2, 602-604.

Aladakatti YR, Hallikeri SS, Nandagavi RA, Naveen NE, Hugar AY, Blaise D. 2011. Yield and fiber qualities of hybrid cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) as influenced by soil and foliar application of potassium. Karnataka Journal of Agricultural Sciences 24, 133-136.

Aneela S, Muhammad A, Akhtar ME. 2003. Effect of potash on boll characteristics and seed cotton yield in newly developed highly resistant cotton varieties. Pakistan Journal of Biological Science 6, 813.

ASTM (American Society for Testing Materials) Committee. 1997. Standard test method for measurement of cotton fibres by Spinlab Uster High Volume Instrument (HVI). ASTM designation D-4605-86. American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia, USA.

Awon M, Raza S, Saleem MF, Anjum SA, Khaliq T, Wahid MA. 2012. Foliar application of potassium under water deficit conditions improved the growth and yield of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Journal of Animal and Plant Science 22, 431-437.

Bauer PJ, May OI, Camberato JJ. 1998. Planting date and potassium fertility effects on cotton yield and fiber properties. Journal of Production Agriculture 11, 415-420.

Bennett OL, Rouse RD, Ashley DA, Doss BD. 1965. Yield, fiber quality and potassium content of irrigated cotton plants as affected by rates of potassium. Agronomy Journal 57, 296-299.

http://dx.doi.org/10.2134/agronj1965.00021962005700030024x

Blais D, Singh JV, Bond AN. 2009. Response of rainfed cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) to foliar application of potassium. Indian Journal of Agronomy 54(4), 444-448.

Bolin B. 1986. How much CO2 will remain in the atmosphere? In: Bolin B, Doos BR, Jagar J, Warrick RA. (eds). The Greenhouse Effect, Climatic Change, and Ecosystems. Wiley, New York, p 93–155.

Bradow JM, Johnson RM, Bauer PJ, Sadler EJ. 2000. Prescription management of cotton fibre quality. proc. Beltwide Cotton Conf., National Cotton Council of America, memphis, TN., p 630.

Brar MS, Brar AS. 2004. Foliar nutrition as supplementation to soil fertilizer application to increase yield of upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). Indian Journal of Science 74, 472-475.

Brouder SM, Cassman KG. 1990. Root development of two cotton cultivars in relation to potassium uptake and plant growth in a vermiculite soil. Field Crops Research 23, 187-203.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0378-4290(90)90054-F

Cakmak I. 2005. The role of potassium in alleviating detrimental effects of abiotic stresses in plants. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science 168, 521-530.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jpln.200420485

Cakmak I, Engels C. 1999. Role of mineral nutrients in photo- synthesis and yield formation. In: Rengel Z (ed). Mineral Nutrition of Crops: Mechanisms and Implications. The Haworth Press, New York, USA, p 141–168.

Cakmak I, Hengeler C, Marschner H. 1994a. Partitioning of shoot and root dry matter and carbohydrates in bean plants suffering from phosphorus, potassium and magnesium deficiency. Journal of Experimental Botany 45, 1245–1250.

https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/45.9.1245

Cakmak I, Hengeler C, Marschner H. 1994b. Changes in phloem export of sucrose in leaves in response to phosphorus, potassium and magnesium deficiency in bean plants. Journal of Experimental Botany 45, 1251-1257.

https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/45.9.1251

Cappy JJ. 1979. The rooting patterns of soybean and cotton throughout the growingseason. Ph.D. Dissertation.

Cassman KG, Roberts BA, Kerby TA, Bryant DC, Higashi SL. 1989. Soil potassium balance and accumulative cotton response to annual potassium additions on a vermicultitic soil. Soil Science Society of America Journal 53, 805 -812.

https://doi:10.2136/sssaj1989.03615995005300030030x

Cassman KG, Kerby TA, Roberts BA, Bryant DC, Higashi SL. 1990. Potassium nutrition effects on lint yield and fibre quality of Acala cotton. Crop Science 30, 672-677.

Channakeshava SP, Goroji T, Doreswamy C, Naresh NT. 2013. Assessment of Foliar Spray of Potassium Nitrate on Growth and Yield of Cotton. Karnataka Journal of Agricultural Sciences 26, 316-317.

Dewdar MDH, Rady MM. 2013. Influence of soil and foliar application of potassium fertilization on growth, yiled and fiber quality traits in two Gossypium barbedense L. varities. African journal of Agricultural Research 8(19), 2211-2215.

Dhindsa RS, Beasley CA, Ting IP. 1975. Osmoregulation in cotton fibre. Plant Physiology 56, 394-398.

http://sci-hub.tw/10.1104/pp.56.3.394

Gwathmey CO, Howard DD. 1998. Potassium effects on canopy light interception and earliness of no-tillage cotton. American Journal of Agronomy 90, 144-149.  http://dx.doi.org/10.2134/agronj1998.00021962009000020004x

Howard DD, Gwathmey O, Sams CE. 1998. Foliar feeding of cotton evaluating potassium sources, potassium solution buffering, and boron. Agronomy Journal 90, 740-746.

http://dx.doi.org/10.2134/agronj1998.00021962009000060004x

Jacobsen KR, Hsieh YL, Jernstedt J. 2000. Origin, structure and properties of non-dyeing lint fibres: Anatomical comparison of maternal tissues in cotton seeds and motes. Proc. Beltwide Cotton Conf. National Cotton Council of America, Memphis, TN., P 691.

Jamal Z, Hamayun M, Ahmed N, Chaudhary MF. 2006. Effect of soil and foliar application of different concentrations of NPK and foliar application of (NH4)2SO4 on different yield parameters in wheat. Journal of Agronomy 5(2), 251-256.

http://dx.doi.org/10.3923/ja.2006.251.256

Karim F, Iqbal J, Shabbir M, Kaleem S, Waqar MQ. 2016. Response of Cotton to Foliar and Soil Applied Nutrients under Dera Ghazi Khan Conditions. Journal of Environmental and Agricultural Sciences 7, 14-18.

Knowles TC, Hipp BW, Langston WC. 1995. Nutrition fertilizer timing and foliar potassium fertilization of Texas Black land cotton. Proceedings of Beltwide Cotton Conference USA 2, 1324-1328.

Kumar J, Arya KC, Siddique MZ. 2011. Effect of foliar application of potassium nitrate on growth, yield attributes and economics of hirsutum cotton. Journal of Cotton Research and Development 25, 122-123.

Leffler HR, Tubertini BS. 1976. Development of cotton fruit. II. Accumulation and distribution of mineral nutrients. Agronomy Journal 68, 858-861.  http://dx.doi.org/10.2134/agronj1976.00021962006800060006x

Makhdum MI, Pervez H, Ashraf M. 2007. Dry matter accumulation and partitioning in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) as influenced by potassium fertilization. Biology and Fertility of Soils 43, 295-301.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00374-006-0105-6

Malik MNA, Shabab-ud-Din, Chaudhry FI, Makhdum MI. 1988. Effects of cotton crop residues upon nutrient cycling and potential nutrient availability. The Pakistan cottons 32(3), 139-145.

Mandal KG, Sinha AC. 2004. Nutrient management effects on light interception, photosynthesis, growth, dry-matter production and yield Indian mustard (Brassica juncea). Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science 190, 119-129.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1439037X.2003.00083.x

Minton EB, Ebelhar MW. 1991. Potassium and aldicarb effects on Verticillium wilt, yield and quality of cotton. Crop Science 31, 209-212.

https://doi.org/10.2135/cropsci1991.0011183X003100010046x

Mullins GL, Burmester CH, Reeves DW. 1997. Cotton response to in–row sub soiling and potassium fertilizer placement in Alabama. Soil Tillage Research 40, 145-154.

https://doi.org/10.1016/S0167-1987(96)01070-7

Oosterhuis D.M. 1990. Growth and development of a cotton plant. In nitrogen nutrition of cotton: practical issues. Miley WN, Oosterhuis D.M. (eds). ASA, Madison, WI. USA. P 1-24.

Oosterhuis DM, Bednarz CW. 1997. Physiological changes during the development of potassium deficiency in cotton. Plant and Soil 78, 347-351.

https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-94-009-0047-9_102

Oosterhuis DM. 2002. Potassium management of cotton. Potassium for Sustainable Crop Production. The International Potash Institute, Switzerland, p 331-346.

Pervez H, Ashraf M, Makhdum MI. 2004. Influence of potassium rates and sources on seed cotton yield and yield components of some elite cotton cultivars. Journal of Plant Nutrition 27, 1295-1317.

https://doi.org/10.1081/PLN-120038549

Pettigrew WT. 1995. Alteration of cotton plant carbohydrates by a potassium deficiency. Proc. Beltwide Cotton Conf., San Antonio, TX.  Natl. Cotton Council, Memphis, TN., p1120-1121.

Pettigrew WT. 2008. Potassium influences on yield and quality production for maize, wheat, soybean and cotton. Physiologia Plantarum 133, 670-681.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-3054.2008.01073.x

Pettigrew WT. 1999. Potassium deficiency increases specific leaf weights and leaf glucose levels in field-grown cotton. Agronomy Journal 91, 962-968.

http://dx.doi.org/10.2134/agronj1999.916962x

Pettigrew WT, Meredith WR. 1997. Dry matter production, nutrient uptake and growth of cotton as affected by potassium fertilization. Journal of Plant Nutrition 20, 531-548.

http://dx.doi.org/org/10.1080/01904169709365272

Pettigrew WT, Heitholt, JJ, Meredith Jr. WR. 1996. Genotypic interaction with potassium and nitrogen in cotton of varied maturity. Agronomy Journal 88, 89-93.

http://dx.doi.org/10.2134/agronj1996.00021962008800010019x

Pettigrew WT, McCarty JC, Vaughn KC. 2000. Leaf senescence-like characteristics contribute to cottons premature photosynthetic decline. Photosynthesis Research 65, 187-195.

Pettigrew WT, Meredith WR, Young LD. 2005. Potassium fertilization effects on cotton lint yield, yield components and reniform nematode population. Agronomy Journal 97, 1245-1251.

http://dx.doi.org/10.2134/agronj2004.0321

Reddy KR, Koti S, Davidonis GH, Reddy VR. 2004. Interactive effects of carbon dioxide and nitrogen nutrition on cotton growth, development, yield, and fiber quality. Agronomy Journal 96, 1148–1157.

http://dx.doi.org/10.2134/agronj2004.1148

Rosolem CA, Silva RHD, Esteves JAF. 2003. Potassium Supply to Cotton Roots as Affected by Potassium Fertilization and Liming. Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira 38, 635-641.

Ryan J, Estefan G, Rashid. A. 2001. Soil and Plant Analysis Laboratory Munual. 2nd ed. International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA), Aleppo, Syria, p 172.

Sasser PE. 1991. The future of cotton quality: Trends and implications – Fiber quality measurements. In: Proceedings Beltwide Cotton Conferences. National Cotton Council, Memphis, TN., p 68-70.

Sekhon NK, Singh CB. 2013. Plant Nutrient Status During Boll Development and Seed Cotton Yield as Affected by Foliar Application of Different Sources of Potassium. American Journal of Plant Science 4, 1409-1417.

http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/ajps.2013.47172

Steel RGD, Torrie JH, Deekey DA. 1997. Principles and procedures of Statistics. A Biometrical Approach. 3rd ED. McGraw Hill Book. Int. Co. New York,p 400-428.

Tupper GR, Calhoun DS, Ebelhar MW. 1996. Sensitivity of Early-Maturing Varieties to Potassium Deficiency. In: Proc. Beltwide Cotton Conf., National Cotton Council of America, Memphis, TN., p 625-628.

United States Department of Agriculture, Soil Survey Staff: Keys to Soil Taxonomy. 8th Ed. – National Sources Conservation Service, Washington 1998.

Waraich EA, Ahmad R, Hur RGM, Ehsanullah, Ahmad A, Mahmood N. 2011. Response of foliar application of KNO3 on yield, yield components and lint quality of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). African Journal of Agricultural Research 6, 5457-5463.

Wright GC. 1998. Effect of pod zone moisturecontent on reproductive growth in three cultivars of peanut (Arachishypogaea). Plant and Soil 116, 111-114.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02327264

Xia Y, Jiang CC, Chen F, Lu JW, Wang YH. 2013. Differences in growth and potassium-use efficiency of two cotton genotypes. Communication in Soil Analysis 42, 132-143.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00103624.2011.535064

Zellweger UAG. 1994. Instruction Manual Spinlab HVI 900 High Volume Fibre Test System. Zellweger Uster AG. CH-8610 Uster, Switzerland.

Zhao D, Oosterhuis DM. 2002. Cotton carbon exchange: Nonstructural carbohydrates and boron distribution in tissues during development of boron deficiency. Field Crops Research 78, 75-87.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0378-4290(02)00095-3

Zhao D, Oosterhuis DM, Bednarz CW. 2001. Influence of potassium deficiency on photosynthesis, chlorophyll content, and chloroplast ultrastructure of cotton plants. Photosynthetica 39, 103-109.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1012404204910

Sagheer Ahmad, Nazism Hussain.
Effect on yield and fiber quality traits of transgenic cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) by soil and foliar application of potassium.
Int. J. Biosci. 14(2), 327-339, February 2019.
https://innspub.net/ijb/effect-yield-fiber-quality-traits-transgenic-cotton-gossypium-hirsutum-l-soil-foliar-application-potassium/
Copyright © 2019
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
https://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update