International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Efficacy of vermicompost on seedling growth of Solanum melongena var. Mayalu and Arka Keshav

By: Shristi Piya, Inisa Shrestha, Sharmila Chimouriya, Dhurva Prasad Gauchan, Janardan Lamichhane

Key Words: Vermicompost, Solanum melongena, Seedling growth, Seedling vigour index.

Int. J. Biosci. 14(5), 177-191, May 2019.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/14.5.177-191

Certification: ijb 2019 0020 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Production of healthy seedling is a must for successful plant production. This paper deals with the evaluation of the effects of five different vermicompost applied at four different concentrations on seed germination and seedling quality of Solanum melongena var. arka keshav and mayalu in laboratory and greenhouse conditions. The experiments were conducted in a complete randomized design with twenty treatments and control per variety. Germination %, seedling length, seedling biomass, and seed vigour index (SVI) were measured at the end of the experiment. Vermicompost application improved all the parameters in both environmental conditions except seed germination that decreased with increasing vermicompost concentration. Vermicompost sample V2 and control produced the highest seedling quality in var. arka keshav and mayalu, respectively. Vermicompost had an inhibitory effect on seedling quality at laboratory condition in both varieties. Conversely, in greenhouse condition, vermicompost sample V1 yielded highest SVI of 1340.15 in arka keshav and 1225.66 in mayalu. Highest vermicompost concentration yielded the best quality seedling with SVI of 1219.88 and 1153.56 in var. arka keshav and mayalu, respectively. This suggested an important role of vermicompost concentration in growing media for enhanced seedling quality. The findings also suggested that favourable pH for developing seedlings of S. melongena is slightly acidic. The study firmly concludes that vermicompost differentially affects seedling growth and quality according to the concentrations and seed variety.

| Views 18 |

Efficacy of vermicompost on seedling growth of Solanum melongena var. Mayalu and Arka Keshav

Aksakal EL, Sari S, Angin I. 2016. Effects of vermicompost application on soil aggregation and certain physical properties. Land Degradation & Development 27, 983–995.

https://doi.org/10.1002/ldr.2350.

Alam MK, Rahim MA, Rahman MH, Jahiruddin M. 2014. Effects of organic fertilizers on the seed germination and seedling vigour of tomato. Proceedings of the 4th ISOFAR Scientific Conference, Istanbul, Turkey. 49–52.

Ansari AA. 2008. Effect of Vermicompost on the Productivity of Potato (Solanum tuberosum), Spinach (Spinacia oleracea) and Turnip (Brassica campestris). World Journal of Agricultural Sciences 4(3), 333–336.

Ansari AA, Sukhraj K. 2010. Effect of vermiwash and vermicompost on soil parameters and productivity of okra (Abelmoschus esculentus) in Guyana. African Journal of Agricultural Research 5(14), 1794–1798.

https://doi.org/10.5897/AJAR09.107.

Arancon NQ, Edwards CA, Babenko A, Cannon J, Galvis P, Metzger JD. 2008. Influences of vermicomposts, produced by earthworms and microorganisms from cattle manure, food waste and paper waste, on the germination, growth and flowering of petunias in the greenhouse. Applied Soil Ecology 39, 91–99.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsoil.2007.11.010.

Azarmi R, Giglou MT, Taleshmikail RD. 2008. Influence of vermicompost on soil chemical and physical properties in tomato (Lycopersicum esculentum) field. African Journal of Biotechnology 7(14), 2397–2401.

Doan TT, Henry-des-tureaux T, Rumpel C, Janeau J, Jouquet P. 2015. Impact of compost, vermicompost and biochar on soil fertility, maize yield and soil erosion in Northern Vietnam: A three year mesocosm experiment. Science of the Total Environment 514, 147–154.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.02.005.

Ericsson T. 1995. Growth and shoot : root ratio of seedlings in relation to nutrient availability. Plant and Soil 168(1), 205–214.

https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00029330.

Fageria NK, Moreira A. 2011. The Role of Mineral Nutrition on Root Growth of Crop Plants. In: Advances in Agronomy 1st Ed 110. Elsevier Inc. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-385531-2.00004-9.

Ferreras L, Gomez E, Toresani S. 2006. Effect of organic amendments on some physical, chemical and biological properties in a horticultural soil. Bioresource Technology 97, 635–640.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2005.03.018.

Gopalakrishnan S, Pande S, Sharma M, Humayun P, Kiran BK, Sandeep D, Rupela O. 2011. Evaluation of actinomycete isolates obtained from herbal vermicompost for the biological control of Fusarium wilt of chickpea. Crop Protection 30(8), 1070–1078. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2011.03.006.

Gupta PK. 2009. Soil, plant, water and fertilizer analysis. 2nd Ed. Agrobios India.

Ievinsh G. 2011. Vermicompost treatment differentially affects seed germination, seedling growth and physiological status of vegetable crop species. Plant Growth Regul 65, 169–181.

https://doi.org/10.1007/s10725-011-9586-x.

Karmakar S, Brahmachari K, Gangopadhyay A. 2013. Studies on agricultural waste management through preparation and utilization of organic manures for maintaining soil quality. African Journal of Agriculture Research 8(48), 6351–6358.

https://doi.org/10.5897/AJAR2013.7308.

Loh TC, Lee YC, Liang JB, Tan D. 2005. Vermicomposting of cattle and goat manures by Eisenia foetida and their growth and reproduction performance. Bioresource Technology 96, 111–114.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2003.03.001.

Tejada M, García-martínez AM, Parrado J. 2009. Effects of a vermicompost composted with beet vinasse on soil properties , soil losses and soil restoration. Catena 77(3), 238–247.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.catena.2009.01.004.

Warman PR, Anglopez MJ. 2010. Vermicompost derived from different feedstocks as a plant growth medium. Bioresource Technology 101(12), 4479–4483.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2010.01.098.

Wutthida R, Karel K. 2015. Effect of nutrients deficiencies on root architecture and growth of winter wheat. In Mendel Net, p 78–83.

Xiao Z, Liu M, Jiang L, Chen X, Griffithsd BS, Lia H, Hu F. 2016. Vermicompost increases defense against root-knot nematode (Meloidogyne incognita) in tomato plants. Applied Soil Ecology Journal 105, 177–186. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsoil.2016.04.003.

Zaller JG. 2007a. Vermicompost as a substitute for peat in potting media : Effects on germination, biomass allocation, yields and fruit quality of three tomato varieties. Scientia Horticulturae 112, 191–199. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2006.12.023.

Zaller JG. 2007b. Vermicompost in seedling potting media can affect germination, biomass allocation, yields and fruit quality of three tomato varieties. European Journal of Soil Biology 43, 332–336. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejsobi.2007.08.020

Shristi Piya, Inisa Shrestha, Sharmila Chimouriya, Dhurva Prasad Gauchan, Janardan Lamichhane.
Efficacy of vermicompost on seedling growth of Solanum melongena var. Mayalu and Arka Keshav.
Int. J. Biosci. 14(5), 177-191, May 2019.
https://innspub.net/ijb/efficacy-vermicompost-seedling-growth-solanum-melongena-var-mayalu-arka-keshav/
Copyright © 2019
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
https://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update