International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Enhancing seed germination through pre-sowing treatment in date palm (Phoenix dactylifera) cultivars

By: Malik Mohsin Abbas, Hira Faiz, Muhammad Maaz Aziz, Sahar Rashid, Javaid Iqbal, Samar Abbas Naqvi

Key Words: Date palm, Seed treatment, Germination, Attributes, Germplasm, Chance seedlings.

Int. J. Biosci. 14(5), 16-23, May 2019.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/14.5.16-23

Certification: ijb 2019 0005 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

The current investigation was performed with the aim to achieve higher germination in seeds of date palm cultivars of elite quality. The proposed research work was taken up at Lath House of Horticultural Research Institute, Faisalabad. The research was designed according to Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with three treatments having four replicates. Seeds of twenty date palm varieties were sown in pre-defined sterilized growing media. Different parameters such as, number of days taken to start of germination, number of germinated seeds, number of seeds survived, success and survival percentages were noted. The results revealed that pre-sowing with water treatment of seeds significantly enhanced all the observed attributes of the date palm seeds. Minimum numbers of days were recorded for the variety Bharee treated with sun heated water at 30 °C. Maximum success percentage (71.75) was measured in variety Zahidi at T2 (immersion in sun heated water at 30 °C) treatment. Also, the highest survival percentage (63.63) was found in Zahidi variety at the same treatment. The study suggest that seed emersion in sun heated (27-30 °C) may be used to break seed dormancy in date palm. Additionally, Zahidi was proved best in the studied attribute among all the investigated exotic date palm germplasm.

| Views 79 |

Enhancing seed germination through pre-sowing treatment in date palm (Phoenix dactylifera) cultivars

Airi S, Bhatt ID, Bhatt A, Rawal RS, Dhar U.  2009. Variations in seed germination of Hippophae salicifolia with different presoaking treatments. Journal of Research 20, 27–30.

Alamgir M, Hossain MK. 2005b. Effect of pre-sowing treatments on germination and initials seedling development of Albizia saman in the nursery. Journal of Research 16, 200–204.

Amy R. 2010. How long will it take for a date palm tree seed to germinate?. Retrieved from

http://homeguides.sfgate.com/long-date-palmtree- seed-germinate-44206.html

Azad MS, Islam MW, Matin MA, Bari MA. 2006a. Effect of presowing treatment on seed germination of Albizia lebbeck (L.) Benth. South Asian Journal of Agriculture 1, 32–34.

Azad MS, Matin MA, Islam MW, Musa MZA. 2006b. Effect of presowing treatment on seed germination of Lohakath (Xylia kerrii Craib & Hutch.). Khulna University Studies 7, 33–36.

Azad MS, Musa MZA, Matin MA.  2010a. Effect of pre-sowing treatments on seed germination of Melia azedarach. Journal of Research 21, 193–196.

Azad MS, Paul NK Matin MA. 2010b. Do pre-sowing treatments affect seed germination in Albizia richardiana and Lagerstroemia speciosa? Front Agriculture China. 4, 181–184.

Catalan LA, Macchiavelli RE. 1991. Improving germination in Prospis flexuosa alba Griseb with hot water treatments and scarification. Seed Science and Technology 19, 253–262.

Diaz S, Pire C, Ferrer J, Bonete MJ. 2003. Identification of Phoenix dactylifera L. varieties based on amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) markers. Cellular and Molecular Biology 8, 891– 899.

Green M, Lima WAA,  de Figueiredo R, Atroch AF,  Lopes AL, da Cunha RNV, Teixeira PC. 2013. Heat-treatment and germination of oil palm seeds (Elaeis guineensis). Journal of Seed Science 35, 296–301.

Khasa PD. 1992. Scarification of limba seeds with hot water, bleach and acid. Tree Planters Note 43, 150–152.

Kobmoo B, Hellum AK. 1984. Hot water and acid improve the germination of Cassia siamea Britt Seeds. The Embryon 1, 27–33.

Koirala B, Hossain MK, Hossain MS. 2000. Effects of different presowing treatments on Adenanthera pavonia L. seeds and initial seedling development in the nursery. Malaysian Forester 63, 82– 91.

Meerow AW. 1990. Palm seed germination. IFAS Cooperative Extension Bulletin 274, 1-10.

Okunlola AI, Adebayo RA, Orimogunje AD. 2011. Methods of breaking seed   dormancy on germination and early seedling growth of African locust bean (Parkia biglobosa) (JACQ.) Benth. Journal of Horticulture and Forestry 3, 1- 6.

Oni O. 1991. Effects of seed size on seedlings vigour in Idigbo (Terminalia ivorensis). Journal of Tropical Forest and Science 4, 215-224.

Habila S, Ali AD, Salihu FH. 2016. Breaking of Dormancy and Its Effects on Seedling Establishment of Date Palm (Phoenix Dactylifera L.). Journal of Natural Science Research 6, 112-113.

Khan S, bibi T. 2012. Direct shoot regeneration system for date palm (phoenix dactylifera l.) cv. dhakki as a means of micropropagation., Pakistan Journal of Botany 44, 1965-1971.

Sulieman AE, Abd Elhafise IA, Abdelrahim AM. 2012. Comparative Study on Five Sudanese Date (Phoenix dactylifera L.) Fruit Cultivars. Food Nutrition Science 3, 1245-1251.

Von  GT, Berjak P, Pammenter NW. 2004. Seed behaviour in Phoenix reclinata Jaccuin, the wild date palm. Seed Science and Research 14, 197-204.

Malik Mohsin Abbas, Hira Faiz, Muhammad Maaz Aziz, Sahar Rashid, Javaid Iqbal, Samar Abbas Naqvi.
Enhancing seed germination through pre-sowing treatment in date palm (Phoenix dactylifera) cultivars.
Int. J. Biosci. 14(5), 16-23, May 2019.
https://innspub.net/ijb/enhancing-seed-germination-pre-sowing-treatment-date-palm-phoenix-dactylifera-cultivars/
Copyright © 2019
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
https://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update