International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Estimating cost and net return: A profitability comparison of maize and potato in District Upper Dir of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

By: Sanaullah, Abdul Basit, Aftab Khan, Waseem Ur Rahman, Nasrullah, Adnan Khan, Muhammad Afnan Raza, Inayat Ullah

Key Words: Maize, Potato, Net revenue, Cost-Benefit analysis, Profitability.

Int. J. Biosci. 16(2), 444-453, February 2020.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/16.2.444-453

Certification: ijb 2020 0005 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

The aim of this study was to examine the profitability comparison of maize and potato crops estimating their cost and net return in district Upper Dir of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Four villages namely; Ushirai, Sheringal, Kumrat and Palam were purposively selected, while Random Sampling technique was applied to select those farmers who were growing both maize and potato in the study area. In this way, total of 240 farmers from selected villages were randomly chosen for collecting primary data through a well-structured interview schedule. Study findings revealed that all of the respondents applied basic necessary inputs and used local techniques for growing maize and potato. Net revenue calculated was higher for potato as compared to maize due to better market income form potato crop. Cost benefit analyses were performed to investigate the profitability comparison between the two tested crops. Results showed that potato had higher productivity and gave more benefit to the growers in shape of money as compared to maize. Therefore, majority of the respondents allocated more land to potato crop. It is established that potato was more profitable crop among the farmers in the study area. It is recommended that extension department should disseminate modern farming techniques and provide timely information and trainings to potato growers. Government should subsidise farming inputs and facilitate potato growers in local markets in order to encourage them for getting more net return.

| Views 30 |

| Views 30 |

Estimating cost and net return: A profitability comparison of maize and potato in District Upper Dir of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

Ahmad B, Khuda B, Sarfraz H, Khokhar SB. 2003. Economics of growing muskmekon. Faculty of Agricultural Economics and R. S., University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan. A report submitted to Pakistan Agricultural Research Council (PARC), Islamabad, Pakistan.

Ahmad B, Khuda B, Sarfraz H. 2004. Economics of growing potato. Faculty of Agricultural Economics and R. S., University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan. A report submitted to Pakistan Agricultural Research Council (PARC) Islamabad, Pakistan.

AICRP.  2007. All India Coordination Research Project (AICRP) on Maize. 50th Annual Report by Directorate of Maize Research, Indian Council of Agriculture Research (ICAR) Pusa, New Delhi.

Anwar D, Shabbir D, Shahid MH, Samreen W. 2015. Determinants of potato prices and its forecasting: A case study of Punjab, Pakistan. University Library of Munich, Germany. https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/66678.

Aurangzeb M, Nigar S and Shah MK. 2007. Benefit cost analysis of the maize crop under mechanized and traditional farming systems in the NWFP. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture 23(1), 169.

Bajracharya M, Sapkota M. 2017. Profitability and productivity of potato (Solanum tuberosum) in Baglung district, Nepal. Agriculture and Food Security 6(1), 47.

Canakci M, Topakci M, Akinci I, Ozmerzi A. 2005. Energy use pattern of some field crops and vegetable production: case study for Antalya region, Turkey. Energy Convers Manage 46, 655.

Champouret N. 2010. Functional genomics of phytophthora infestans effectors and solanum resistance genes. Ph.D. Thesis, Wageningen University, Wageningen, Netherlands.

Cho KM. 2002. Training needs of agricultural extension agents in Myanmar. Proceedings of the 18th Annual Conference of Association for International Agricultural Extension Education (AIAEE) Durban, South Africa p. 72–80.

CIMMYT. 2000. CGIAR Research, Areas of Research: Maize (Zea mays L.). 30 July, 2013. 04:48:38. [online] Available: [Accessed June 15, 2019].

http://maize.org/whymaize//

Cochran WG. 1977. “Sampling Techniques” 3rd Edition,” John Wiley and Sons, New York, p. 37-45.

Debertin DL. 2012. Agricultural Production Economics. Macmillan Publish. Co. New York, ISBN-13 978-1469960647, Second Edition, p 166-182.

Demircan V, Ekinci K, Keener HM, Akbolat D, Ekinci C. 2006. Energy and economic analysis of sweet cherry production in Turkey: a case study from Isparta province. Energy Convers Manage 47, 1761.

Elahim ME Mehmood S, Muhammad M, Abdur R, Sarfaraz KM, Nazir H, Umar KS, Asghar A, Shahid H. 2016. Economic Analysis of Maize Cultivation under Agro-Climatic Conditions of District Dera Ismail Khan. American-Eurasian Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences 16(4), 765-769.

http://dx.doi.org/10.5829/idosi.aejaes.2016.16.4.12924.

Elhori AIS, Babiker BI, Davis J. 2009. Optimum Winter Cropping Pattern in the Northern State, Sudan. Journal of Scientific Technology 10(3), 77-86.

Elhori AIS, Shaddi EH, Elrasheed MMM, FadlElmola FY. 2013. Economic analysis of potato production is Dongola locality –Sudan. International Journal of AgriScience, International Academic Journals 3(7), 577-583.

FAOSTAT. 2017. Food and Agricultural Organization Statistical Database, Crop production. http://faostat3.fao.org/download.

Go P. 2014. Economic survey of Pakistan 2013-14. Economic Advisor’s Wing. Ministry of Finance, Government of Pakistan, Islamabad.

Haan S, de, Rodriguez F. 2016. Potato origin and production. In Advances in Potato Chemistry and Technology, p. 1-32. Academic Press.

Iqbal MA, Qing Ping, Sultan AA, Adnan N, Muhammad R. 2005. “An economic analysis of potato production in Okara District, Pakistan.” International Journal of Economics, commerce and management, United Kingdom 3(6), 229-240.

Khan A, Akram M. 2012.Farmers’ perception of extension methods used by extension personnel for dissemination of new agricultural technologies in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.Sarhad Journal of Agriculture 28(3), 511-520.

Khan NP, Akhtar J. 2006. Competitiveness and policy analysis of potato production in different agro-ecological zones of Northern Areas: Implications for food security and poverty alleviation. Pakistan Development Review, p 1137-1154.

Majeed A, Muhammad Z, Ullah Z, Ullah R, Ahmad H. 2017. Late blight of potato (Phytophthora infestans) I: Fungicides application and associated challenges. Turkish Journal Agriculture-Food Science and Technology 5(3), 261-266.

Ozkan B, Akcaoz H, Karadeniz F. 2004. Energy requirement and economic analysis of citrus production in Turkey. Energy Convers Manage 45. 1821.

Pakistan Bureau of Statistics. 2018-19. Economic Adviser’s Wing, Finance Division Government of Pakistan, Islamabad. Chapter 02, Agriculture, p 18.

Pakistan Economic Survey. 2018-19. Economic Adviser’s Wing, Finance Division Government of Pakistan, Islamabad. Chapter 02, Agriculture, p 11.

PARC. 2005. Pakistan Agriculture Research Council. All about Maize. Pakissan.com/ [Accessed on: December 10, 2019].

www.academia.edu/1091684/

Raghuvanshi A, Gauraha AK, Chandrakar MR. 2018. Trends and economics of cultivation of potato in Chhattisgarh. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry 7(3), 3150-3153.

Spooner DM, McLean K, Ramsay G, Waugh R, Bryan GJ. 2005. A single domestication for potato based on multilocus amplified fragment length polymorphism genotyping. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 102(41), 14694-14699.

Tripathi KK, Warrier R, Govila OP, Ahuja V. 2011. “Biology of Zea mays (Maize)”.Department of Biotechnology, Ministry of Science and Technology and Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India. pdf [Accessed June 20, 2019].

http://www.envfor.nic.in/divisions/csurv/geac/Biology_of_Maize[1]

Verzaux E. 2010. Resistance and susceptibility to late blight in Solanum: Gene mapping, cloning and stacking. Ph.D. Thesis, Wageningen University, Wageningen. Netherlands.

Visser RG, Bachem CW, de Boer JM, Bryan GJ, Chakrabati SK. 2009. Sequencing the potato genome: Outline and first results to come from the elucidation of the sequence of the world’s third most important food crop. American Journal of Potato Research 86, 417-429.

Watanabe K. 2015. Potato genetics, genomics, and applications. Breeding science 65(1), 53-68.

Wingenbach GJ, Boyd BL, Lindner JR, Dick S, Arispe S, Haba S. 2003. Students’ knowledge and attitudes about international agricultural issues. Journal of International Agricultural and Extension Education 10(3), 25-35.

Zaheer K, Akhtar MH. 2016. Potato production, usage, and nutrition-a review. Critical Reviews in Food Science & Nutrition 56(5), 711-721.

Zangeneh M, Omid M, Akram A. 2010. A comparative study on energy use and cost analysis of potato production under different farming technologies in Hamadan province of Iran. Energy 35(7), 2927-2933.

Sanaullah, Abdul Basit, Aftab Khan, Waseem Ur Rahman, Nasrullah, Adnan Khan, Muhammad Afnan Raza, Inayat Ullah.
Estimating cost and net return: A profitability comparison of maize and potato in District Upper Dir of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
Int. J. Biosci. 16(2), 444-453, February 2020.
https://innspub.net/ijb/estimating-cost-net-return-profitability-comparison-maize-potato-district-upper-dir-khyber-pakhtunkhwa-pakistan/
Copyright © 2019
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
https://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update