International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Evaluation and clustering of soybean (Glycine max L.) germplasm inbred lines for root and shoot morphological traits at seedling stage

By: Ajmal Mandozai, Abdourazak Alio Moussa, Qi Zhang, Jing Qu, Naveed Ahmad, Yeyao Du, Noor al Amin, Rivalani Theorent, Gulaqa Anwari, Piwu Wang

Key Words: Phenotypic diversity, Soybean germplasm, Morphological traits, Elite varieties.

Int. J. Biosci. 15(6), 152-163, December 2019.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/15.6.152-163

Certification: ijb 2019 0266 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Soybean is recognized as one of the most important economically approved beans across the world. Due to its genetic complexity of the several root traits, the study of root traits is generally ignored and not used as a selection standard. In this study, soybean germplasm consisted of 260 inbred lines was assessed for shoot and root traits at vegetative 1 stage. Analysis of variance showed highly significant differences among various varieties for different morphological shoot and root related traits. Root dry weight and total root length were positively correlated with overall core shoot and root related traits. Principal component analysis and cluster analysis structured the varieties into four groups/clusters based on their relative performances. cluster1, cluster3, and cluster4 were characterized by the varieties presenting higher, shoot length, root to shoot dry weight ratio and average root diameter, respectively. Cluster2 regrouped the varieties of the unique shoot and root characteristics. The identified genotypes including Z077, Z093, Z120, Z173, Z180, Z199, Z210, Z211, Z238 and Z248 of the above-mentioned cluster may play a crucial role in future breeding programs and could be used to improve drought tolerance for soybean elite varieties through root and shoot morphological traits specific to target environments.

| Views 42 |

| Views 42 |

Evaluation and clustering of soybean (Glycine max L.) germplasm inbred lines for root and shoot morphological traits at seedling stage

Adie MM, Krisnawati A. 2017. Characterization and clustering of agronomic characters of several soybean genotypes. Nusantara Bioscience 9(3), 237-242.

https://doi.org/10.13057/nusbiosci/n090301

al Amin N, Ahmad N, Wu N, Pu X, Ma T, Du Y, Wang P. 2019. CRISPR-Cas9 mediated targeted disruption of FAD2–2 microsomal omega-6 desaturase in soybean (Glycine max. L). BMC biotechnology 19(1), 9.

https://doi.org/10.1186/s12896-019-0501-2

Barbero A, Johnson E, Conner TW, Paschal, EH. 2004. The challenges and potential for future agronomic traits in soybeans.

Cairns J, Impa S, O’Toole J, Jagadish S, Price A. 2011. Influence of the soil physical environment on rice (Oryza sativa L.) response to drought stress and its implications for drought research. Field Crops Research 121(3), 303-310.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2011.01.012

Carter T, Nelson R, Sneller C, Cui Z, Boerma H, Specht J. 2004. Genetic diversity in soybean. Soybeans: Improvement, production, and uses, 3.

Dayaman V. 2007. Diversity analysis in soybean (Glycine max L.) using morphological and simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers. Master of Science in Biotechnology, Department of Plant Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, Centre for Plant Molecular Biology, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, India.

Diazcarrasco H, Abreuferrer S, Velazquez O, Garcia O. 1986. Similarities between some agronomic characters in soybean. Ciencias de la Agricultura 27, 108-113.

DoVale JC, Fritsche-Neto R. 2015. Root phenomics. In Phenomics p 49-66 Springer.

https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-13677-6_4

Fehr WR, Caviness CE. 1977. Stages of soybean development.

Fried HG, Narayanan S, Fallen B. 2018. Characterization of a soybean (Glycine max L. Merr.) germplasm collection for root traits. PloS one 13(7), e0200463. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0200463

Gruber BD, Giehl RF, Friedel S, Von Wirén N. 2013. Plasticity of the Arabidopsis root system under nutrient deficiencies. Plant physiology 163(1), 161-179.

https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.113.218453

Hodge A, Robinson D, Griffiths B, Fitter A. 1999. Why plants bother: root proliferation results in increased nitrogen capture from an organic patch when two grasses compete. Plant, Cell & Environment 22(7), 811-820.

https://doi.org/10.1046/j.13653040.1999.00454.x

Inoue M, Gao Z, Cai H. 2004. QTL analysis of lodging resistance and related traits in Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam.). Theoretical and applied genetics 109(8), 1576-1585.

https://doi.org/10.1007/s00122-004-1791-9

Keller M, Karutz C, Schmid J, Stamp P, Winzeler M, Keller B, Messmer M. 1999. Quantitative trait loci for lodging resistance in a segregating wheat× spelt population. Theoretical and applied genetics 98(6-7), 1171-1182.

https://doi.org/10.1007/s001220051182

King CA, Purcell LC, Brye KR. 2009. Differential wilting among soybean genotypes in response to water deficit. Crop science 49(1), 290-298.

https://doi.org/10.2135/cropsci2008.04.0219

Lee S, Bailey M, Mian M, Carter T, Ashley D, Hussey R, Boerma H. 1996. Molecular markers associated with soybean plant height, lodging, and maturity across locations. Crop science 36(3), 728-735. https://doi.org/10.2135/cropsci1996.0011183X003600030035x

Liu K. 1997. Soybeans: Chemistry, Technology, and Utilization; Aspen Publication. Inc.: New York.

Liu Y, Gai J, Lu H. 2005. Identification of rhizosphere abiotic stress tolerance and related root traits in soybean [{\sl Glycine max}(L.) Merr.]. Zuo wu xue bao 31(9), 1132-1137.

Liu Y, Gai JY, Lu HN, Wang YJ, Chen SY. 2005. Identification of drought tolerant germplasm and inheritance and QTL mapping of related root traits in soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.). Acta Genetica Sinica 32(8), 855-863.

Manavalan LP, Guttikonda SK, Phan Tran LS, Nguyen HT. 2009. Physiological and molecular approaches to improve drought resistance in soybean. Plant and Cell Physiology 50(7), 1260-1276.

https://doi.org/10.1093/pcp/pcp082

Mathur S. 2004. Soybean the wonder legume. Beverage Food World 31(1), 61-62.

Menchey E, Aycock M. 1998. Anther-derived dihaploids for lodging improvement in tobacco. Crop science 38(3), 698-701.

https://doi.org/10.2135/cropsci1998.0011183X003800030013x

Moe S. 2012. Relationships of soybean (glycine max L.) accessions based agro-morphological, physiological traits and dna polymorphisms. School of Crop Production Technology Institute of Agricultural Technology.

Paterson AH, Damon S, Hewitt JD, Zamir D, Rabinowitch HD, Lincoln SE, Tanksley SD. 1991. Mendelian factors underlying quantitative traits in tomato: comparison across species, generations, and environments. Genetics 127(1), 181-197.

Pierret A, Moran CJ, Doussan C. 2005. Conventional detection methodology is limiting our ability to understand the roles and functions of fine roots. New Phytologist 166(3), 967-980.

https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-137.2005.01389.x

Prince SJ, Song L, Qiu D, dos Santos JVM, Chai C, Joshi T, Murphy M. 2015. Genetic variants in root architecture-related genes in a Glycine soja accession, a potential resource to improve cultivated soybean. BMC genomics 16(1), 132.

https://doi.org/10.1186/s12864-015-1334-6

Quan L, Yuanping Y, Xiaolong Y. 2009. Genetic analysis of root characters in soybean using a recombinant inbred line population at two phosphorus levels. Molecular Plant Breeding.

Salimi S, Lahiji HS, Abadi GM, Salimi S, Moradi S. 2012. Genetic diversity in soybean genotypes under drought stress condition using factor analysis and cluster analysis. World Applied Sciences Journal 16(4), 474-478.

Shrestha R, AlShugeairy Z, AlOgaidi F, Munasinghe M, Radermacher M, Vandenhirtz J, Price A. 2014. Comparing simple root phenotyping methods on a core set of rice genotypes. Plant Biology 16(3), 632-642.

https://doi.org/10.1111/plb.12096

Smucker A. 1984. Carbon Utilization and Losses by Plant Root Systems 1. Roots, nutrient and water influx, and plant growth(rootsnutrientan), 27-46.

Tar’an B, Warkentin T, Somers D, Miranda D, Vandenberg A, Blade S, DeKoeyer D. 2003. Quantitative trait loci for lodging resistance, plant height and partial resistance to mycosphaerella blight in field pea (Pisum sativum L.). Theoretical and applied genetics 107(8), 1482-1491.

https://doi.org/10.1007/s00122-003-1379-9

Whitmore AP, Whalley WR. 2009. Physical effects of soil drying on roots and crop growth. Journal of experimental botany 60(10), 2845-2857. https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/erp200

Zhang Y, Jia J, Zhao Y, Gu S, Xu J. 2010. Screening index for low phosphorus tolerance at seedling stage. Agricultural Science & Technology-Hunan 11(3), 87-97.

Zhou R, Wang X, Chen H, Zhang X, Shan Z, Wu X, Wu J. 2009. QTL analysis of lodging and related traits in soybean. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 35(1), 57-65.

https://doi.org/10.3724/SP.J.1006.2009.00057

Ajmal Mandozai, Abdourazak Alio Moussa, Qi Zhang, Jing Qu, Naveed Ahmad, Yeyao Du, Noor al Amin, Rivalani Theorent, Gulaqa Anwari, Piwu Wang.
Evaluation and clustering of soybean (Glycine max L.) germplasm inbred lines for root and shoot morphological traits at seedling stage.
Int. J. Biosci. 15(6), 152-163, December 2019.
https://innspub.net/ijb/evaluation-clustering-soybean-glycine-max-l-germplasm-inbred-lines-root-shoot-morphological-traits-seedling-stage/
Copyright © 2019
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
https://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update