International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Evaluation of groundnut (Arachir hypodaea L.) lines for their yield potential and adaptability under rainfed conditions

By: Muhammad Zeeshan, Ghulam Nabi, Shiraz Ali, Manzoor Hussain, Saadia, Abid Ali, Muhammad Imran Khan, Waheed Arshad, Amina Batool

Key Words: Arachis hypogaea, Pod yield, Heritability, Genetic advance, Correlation.

Int. J. Biosci. 14(5), 24-30, May 2019.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/14.5.24-30

Certification: ijb 2019 0006 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Evaluation of high yielding and newly developed groundnut lines is important to boost its yield in the country particularly in barani areas. As groundnut is mainly cultivated in barani or rainfed tract of the country therefore, it is necessary to evolve new genotypes to cope with changing environment. The objective of this research was to evaluate and access the yield and yield parameters of eight groundnut lines (six entries and two check varieties i.e. BARI-2011 and Golden) and their genetic advance and heritability and correlation among different traits during crop growing seasons of 2014 and 2015 at Groundnut Research Station Attock. Crop was grown under rainfed conditions and was harvested at physiological maturity. Data were collected for different yield and agronomic characters. A high variation was observed among the lines for agronomic traits. Groundnut advance line 10AK016 showed maximum pod yield (4.0 tonnes ha-1), grain weight (63 g) maximum shelling percentage (70) and number of seeds per pod (2.5).Values of heritability and genetic advance were 0.87 and 10.3 for pod yield, respectively. Different yield attributes such as maturity %, grain weight, shelling percentage and pod length has strong positive correlations 0.84, 0.73, 0.59 and 0.6 respectively with pod yield. Groundnut advance line 10AK016 can be approved as groundnut variety for general sowing in rain fed areas of Pakistan.

| Views 105 |

Evaluation of groundnut (Arachir hypodaea L.) lines for their yield potential and adaptability under rainfed conditions

Falconer DS. 1989. Introduction to Quantitative Genetics. 3rd edition, Longman Scientific and Technical, Longman House, Burnt Mill, Harlow, Essex, England.

Jeyaramraja PR, Fantahun W. 2014. Characterization of yield components in certain Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) varieties of Ethiopia. Journal of Experimental Biology and Agricultural Sciences 2, 592-596.

Johnson HW, Robinson HF, Comstock RE. 1955. Estimates of genetic and environmental variability in soybean. Agronomy Journal 47, 413-418.

Korat VP, Pithia MS, Savaliya JJ, Pansuriya AG, Sodavadiya PR. 2009. Studies on genetic variability in different genotypes of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.). Legume Research 32, 224-226.

Kwon SH, Torrie JH. 1964. Heritability and interrelationship of two soybean (Glycine maxL.) populations. Crop Science 4, 196-198.

Mahesh R, Hampannavar, Khan H, Temburne BV, Janila P, Amaregouda A. 2018. Genetic variability, correlation and path analysis studies for yield and yield attributes in groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.). Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry 7, 870-874.

Maurya KMM, Prashant KR, Arvind K, Bazil AS, Chaurasia AK. 2014. Study on Genetic Variability and Seed Quality of Groundnut (Arachis hypogea L.) Genotypes. International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering 4, 818-823.

Mudassir I, Bashir I, Iqbal M, Nadeem K, Latif A, Chishti SAS, Niaz S. 2015. Association pattern among yield and its related attributes in Peas (Pisium Sativum L.). Journal of Agricultural Research 53, 173-177.

Naeem-ud-Din, Mahmood A, Khattak GSS, Saeed I, Hassan MF. 2009. High yielding groundnut (Arachis hypogea L.) variety “Golden”. Pakistan Journal of Botany 41, 2217-2222.

Naeem-ud-Din, Shabbir G, Ramzan M, Mahmood A. 2005. BARI-2000: A new Bold Seeded semi bunch groundnut variety. Pakistan Journal of Seed Technology 1, 49-52.

Nigam SN. 2014. Groundnut at a glance p. 121.

Nigam SN, Chandra S, Sridevi KR, Bhukta AM, Reddy GS. 2005. Efficiency of physiological trait-based and empirical selection approaches for drought tolerance in groundnut. Annals of Applied Biology 146, 433-439.

Patidar S, Kumar PR, Kumar A. 2014. Evaluation of groundnut (Arachis hypogaeaL.) genotypes for quantitative character & yield contributing traits. International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering 4, 500-504.

Pimratch S, Jogloy S, Vorasoot N, Toomsan B, Patanothai A, Holbrook CC. 2008. Relationship between biomass production and nitrogen fixation under drought stress conditions in peanut genotypes with different levels of drought resistance. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science 194, 15- 25.

Shukla AK, Rai PK. 2014. Evaluation of groundnut genotypes for yield and quality traits. Annals of Plant and Soil Research 16, 41-44.

Singh KP, Chaudhry BD. 1979. Biometrical Methods in Quantitative Genetic Analysis. Kalyani Publishers, New Delhi, India, p 9-10.

Steel RGD, Torrie JH, Dicky DA. 1997. Principles and procedures of Statistics. A Biometrical Approach. 3rd edition, New York: McGraw Hill Book Co. Inc., p. 400-428.

Suneetha K, Dasarada, Rami C, Ramana JV. 2004. Genetic variability and character association in groundnut. Short Papers Presented at the National Symposium On “Enhancing Productivity of Groundnut for Sustaining Food and Nutritional Security 11-13 October-2004 at NRCG; Junagadh, India.

Taj NK, Ramzan A, Jillani G, Mehmood T. 2013. Morphological performance of peas (Pisium Sativum L.) genotypes under rainfed conditions of Pothwar region. Journal of Agricultural Research 51, 51-60.

Trivikrama RA, Sekhar MR, Vijayabharathi A,  Pathy TL, Reddy GL, Jayalakshmi V. 2017. Correlation and Path Analysis of Kernel Yield and its

Components in Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.). International Journal of Current Microbiology Applied Science 6, 10-16.

https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.612.002

Vange T, Maga TJ. 2014. Genetic characteristics and path coefficient analysis in ten groundnut varieties (Arachis hypogaea L.) evaluated in the Guinea Savannah agro-ecological zone. African Journal of Agricultural Research 9, 1932-1937.

Yadav SR, Rathod AH, Shinde AS, Patade SS, Patil CN, Vaghela PO. 2014. Genetic variability and divergence studies in groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.). International Journal of Agricultural Science 10, 691-694.

Zamurrad M, Tariq M, Shah FH, Subhani A, Ijaz M, Iqbal SI, Koukab M. 2013. Performance based evaluation of groundnut genotypes under medium rainfall conditions of Chakwal. Journal of Agricultural Food and Applied Science 1, 9-12.

Muhammad Zeeshan, Ghulam Nabi, Shiraz Ali, Manzoor Hussain, Saadia, Abid Ali, Muhammad Imran Khan, Waheed Arshad, Amina Batool.
Evaluation of groundnut (Arachir hypodaea L.) lines for their yield potential and adaptability under rainfed conditions.
Int. J. Biosci. 14(5), 24-30, May 2019.
https://innspub.net/ijb/evaluation-groundnut-arachir-hypodaea-l-lines-yield-potential-adaptability-rainfed-conditions/
Copyright © 2019
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
https://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update