International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Evaluation of cosmeceutical properties of Talinum triangulare leaf and stem extracts

By: Iniobong Sylvester Enengedi, Okon Douglas Ekpa

Key Words: Cosmeceutical Properties, Talinum triangulare, Antioxidant; Antimicrobial, Extracts.

, July 2022.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/21.1.229-243

Certification: ijb 2022 0002 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Although skin epidermis possesses an extremely efficient natural antioxidant defense, high production and accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) due to excessive exposure of the skin to ultraviolet (UV) radiation may limit the protective effect that the natural antioxidants offer, leading to cellular aging. The most promising topical treatments incorporate antioxidants and antimicrobial ingredients. Antioxidant potential of leaf and stem extracts of T. triangulare were evaluated using 2, 2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH); and antimicrobial activity assay using agar well diffusion technique. DPPH scavenging activity of the extracts indicated by IC50 (Fifty percent inhibitory concentration) value were compared with butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA), a standard antioxidant. Ethanol extract of the leaf and aqueous extract of the stem showed free radical scavenging activity (IC50 = 74.01±0.02μg/cm3) and (IC50 = 88.76±0.03μg/cm3) respectively comparable to BHA (IC50 = 55.54±0.04μg/cm3) than their respective aqueous (IC50 = 103.08±0.02μg/cm3) and ethanol (IC50 = 98.43±0.07μg/cm3) counterparts. Also, the extracts and fractions revealed selective levels of activities against test micro-organisms (Staphylococcus aureus, Vibrio cholera, Shigella sp, Propionibacterium acnes, Aspergillus niger and Microsporus sp). The results of this research indicate the possible industrial applications of T. triangulare extracts for the formulation of skincare products.

| Views 19 |

| Views 19 |

Evaluation of cosmeceutical properties of Talinum triangulare leaf and stem extracts

Afolabi OB, Oloyede OI, Jaiyesimi KF, Obafemi TO, Awe JO, Fadaka AO. 2015. Antagonistic potentials of Talinum triangulare extracts against iron ii – induced oxidative stress in tissue homogenates of wistar albino rat – in vitro. World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences 4(6), 59-67.

Aja PM, Okaka ANC, Ibiam UA, Uraku AJ, Onu PN. 2010a. Proximate analysis of Talinum triangulare (water leaf) leaves and its softening principle. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition 9(6), 524-526.

Aja PM, Okaka ANC, Onu PN, Ibiam U, Urako AJ. 2010b. Phytochemical composition of Talinum triangulare (Water Leaf) leaves. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition 9(6), 527-530.

Ajibesin KK. 2012. Ethnobotanical survey of plants used for skin diseases and related ailments in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. Ethnobotany Research and Applications 10, 463-522.

Ajiboye CO, Moronkola DO, Adesomoju AA. 2017. DPPH free radical scavenging activities of leaf, stem bark, root, flower and fruit of Blighia unijugata Baker (Sapindaceae) extracts. Journal of Chemical, Biological and Physical Sciences 7(4), 1190-1197.

http://doi:10.24214/jcbps.B.7.4.119097

Aminudin NI, Ahmad F, Taher M. 2015. In vitro antioxidant, cholinesterase and tyrosinase inhibitory activities of Calophyllum symingtonianum and Calophyllum depressinervosum (Guttiferae). Journal of Coastal Life Medicine 3(2), 126-131.

http://doi:10.12980/JCLM.3.2015JCLM-2014-0115

Amorim APO, Oliveira MCC, Amorim TA, Echevarria A. 2013. Antioxidant, iron chelating and tyrosinase inhibitory activities of extracts from Talinum triangulare leach stem.  Antioxidants 2, 90-99.

http://doi:10.3390/antiox2030090

Ashok K, Upadhyaya K. 2012. Tannins are astringent. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry 1(3), 45-50.

Barbulova A, Apone F, Colucci G. 2014. Plant cell cultures as source of cosmetic active ingredients. Cosmetics 1, 94-104.

http://doi:10.3390/cosmetics1020094

Brum TF, Zadra M, Piana M, Boligon AA, Frohlich JK, Freitas RB, Stefanello ST, Froeder ALF, Belke BV, Nunes LT, Jesus RS, Machado MM, Rocha JBT, Soares FAA, Athayde ML. 2013. HPLC Analysis of Phenolics Compounds and Antioxidant Capacity of Leaves of Vitex megapotamica (Sprengel) Moldenke. Molecules 18, 8342-8357.

Cowan MM. 1999. Plant products as antimicrobial agents. Clinical Microbiology Reviews 12(4), 564-584.

Djeridane A, Yousfi M, Nadjemi B, Boutassouna D, Stocker P, Vidal N. 2006. Antioxidant activity of some algerian medicinal plants extracts containing phenolic compounds. Food Chemistry 79(4), 654-660.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2005.04.028

Dureja H, Kaushik D, Gupta M, Kumar V, Lather V. 2005. Cosmeceuticals: An emerging concept. Indian Journal of Pharmacology 37(3), 155-159.

http://doi:10.4103/0253-7613.16211

Enengedi I, Ekpa O, Akpabio U. 2019. Antioxidant and free radical scavenging properties of Dacryodes edulis leaf and bark extracts. International Journal of Herbal Medicine 7(4), 36-44.

Enengedi IS, Ekpa OD, Akpabio UD. 2018. Comparative assessment of extracts and fractions of Dacryodesedulis leaves and stem barks from two locations as sources of antimicrobial ingredients for skin care products. IOSR Journal of Pharmacy and Biological Sciences 13(5), 8-17.

http://doi:10.9790/3008-1305040817

Ezekwe CI, Okoro IJ, Ugwu OPC, Ezea SC. 2013. The effect of methanol extract of Talinum triangulare on some selected hematological and kidney parameters of experimental rats. World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences 2(6), 4383-4396.

Hamid K, Saha MR, Urmi KF, Habib MR, Rahman MM. 2010. Screening of different parts of the plant Pandanus odorus for its antioxidant activity. International Journal of Applied Biology and Pharmaceutical Technology 1(3), 1364-1368.

Haruna MT, Anokwuru CP, Akeredolu AA, Akinsemolu AA, Alabi OA. 2013. Antibacterial and Antifungal Activity of Acalypha wilkesiana. European Journal of Medicinal Plants 3(1), 52-64.

Herrera A, Delgado J, Paraguatey I. 1991. Occurrence of inducible crassulacean acid metabolism in leaves of Talinum triangulare (Portulacaceae). Journal of Experimental Botany 42(4), 493-499.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jxb/42.4.493

Igwe OU. 2015. Chemical constituents of the leaf essential oil of Carica papaya from South East Nigeria and its antimicrobial activity. International Journal of Research in pharmacy and Chemistry 5(1), 77-83.

Jahan F, Lawrence R, Kumar V, Junaid M. 2011. Evaluation of antimicrobial activity of plant extracts on antibiotic susceptible and resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains. Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Research 3(4), 777-789.

Joshi H. 2012. Potentials of traditional medicinal plants in cosmetology industry; Prospective and perspectives. International Conference and Exhibition on Cosmetology and Cosmetics. Anaplastology 1(3), 43.

Jothy SL, Zuraini Z, Sasidharan S. 2011. Phytochemicals screening, DPPH free radical scavenging and xanthine oxidase inhibitiory activities of Cassia fistula seeds extract. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research 5(10), 1941-1947.

Kahkonen MP, Hopia AI, Vuorela HJ, Rauha JP, Pihlaja K, Kujala TS, Heinonen M. 1999. Antioxidant activity of plant extracts containing phenolic compounds. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 47(10), 3954-3962.

https://doi.org/10.1021/jf9901461

Kavitha CCI, Indira G. 2016. Quantitative estimation of total phenolic, flavonoids, tannin and chlorophyll content of leaves of Strobilanthes kunthiana (Neelakurinji). Journal of Medicinal Plants Studies 4(4), 282-286.

Lall N, Kishore N. 2014. Are plants used for skin care in South Africa fully explored? Journal of Ethnopharmacology 153(1), 61-84.

Liang D, Zhou Q, Gong W, Wang Y, Nie Z, He H, Li J, Wu J, Wu C, Zhang J. 2011. Studies on the antioxidant and hepatoprotective activities of polysaccharides from Talinum triangulare. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 136(2), 316-321.

http://doi:10.1016/j.jep.2011.04.047

Mapunya MB, Husseina AA, Rodriguez B, Lall N. 2011. Tyrosinase activity of Greyia flanaganii (Bolus) constituents. Phytomedicine 18(11), 1006-1012.

http://doi:10.1016/j.phymed.2011.03.013

Nwosu OK, Val AI. 2014. Phytochemical and nutritional assessment of fully matured and darkened fruit (pulp and seed) of Dakryodes edulis. World Applied Sciences Journal 32(10), 2114-2118.

http://doi:10.5829/idosi.wasj.2014.32.10.1058

Ogbonnaya EC, Chinedum EK. 2013. Bioactive constituents and in vitro antioxidant capacity of water leaf (Talinum triangulare) as affected by domestic cooking. European Journal of Medicinal Plants 3(4), 540-551.

Ogboru RO, Okolie PL, Agboje I. 2015. Phytochemical screening and medicinal potentials of the bark of Dacryodes edulis (G. Don) H. J. Lam. Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry 2(5), 1-3.

http://dx.doi.org/10.4172/2380-2391.1000158

Okoli RI, Aigbe O, Ohaju-Obodo JO, Mensah JK. 2007. Medicinal herbs used for managing some common ailments among Esan people of Edo State, Nigeria. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition 6(5), 490-496.

http://doi:10.3923/pjn.2007.490.496

Okolie JA, Henry OE, Epelle EI. 2016. Determination of the antioxidant potentials of two different varieties of banana peels in two different solvents. Food and Nutrition Sciences 7, 1253-1261.

Okwu DE, Nnamdi FU. 2008. Evaluation of the chemical composition of Dacryodes edulis and Raphia hookeri Mann and Wendl exudates used in herbal medicine in South Eastern Nigeria. African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines 5(2), 194-200.

http://doi:10.4314/ajtcam.v5i2.31273

Rachana S, Venugopalan P. 2014. Antioxidant and bactericidal activity of wild turmeric extracts. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry 2(6), 89-94.

SPSS. 2013. Statistical Package for Social Sciences. Version 22.0 for Windows. Armonk, New York, IBM Corp.

Stankovic MS, Zia-Ul-Haq M, Bojovic BM, Topuzovic MD. 2014. Total phenolics, flavonoid content and antioxidant power of leaf, flower and fruits from cornelian cherry (Cornus mas L.).

Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science 20, 358-

Tambe VD, Bhambar RS. 2014. Estimation of total phenol, tannin, alkaloid and flavonoid in Hibiscus tiliaceus Linn. Wood extracts. Research and Reviews: Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry 2(4), 41-47.

Iniobong Sylvester Enengedi, Okon Douglas Ekpa.
Evaluation of cosmeceutical properties of Talinum triangulare leaf and stem extracts.
, July 2022.
https://innspub.net/ijb/evaluation-of-cosmeceutical-properties-of-talinum-triangulare-leaf-and-stem-extracts/
Copyright © 2022
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
https://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update