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Evaluation of soil fertility indicators under planted trees fallows in northern Côte d’Ivoire

By: N’Klo Ouattara, Blé Alexis Tardy Kouassi, Kouamé Antoine N’guessan, Dodiomon Soro

Key Words: Fallows, Restoration, Soil Fertility, Agroforestry, Côte d’Ivoire.

Int. J. Biosci. 15(4), 278-288, October 2019.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/15.4.278-288

Certification: ijb 2019 0178 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

In impoverished soils in northern Côte d’Ivoire, the use of mineral fertilizers alone does not maintain soil fertility. Planted trees fallows is certainly one of the best alternatives for a biological restoration of the fertility of degraded soils. The present work aims to study the effects of 3 planted trees fallows on soil fertility indicators. Three fallows of Acacia auriculaeformis, Eucalyptus camaldulensis and Gmelina arborea and a control fallow were sampled from July to November 2017 to evaluate successively the density of termites and earthworms, soil granulometry, organic matter and mineral elements of soils, as well as litter produced. The Tukey-HSD test showed similar termite densities on Acacia auriculaeformis and Eucalyptus camaldulensis fallows with the highest density on the first fallow. Similarly, similarities of the earthworm densities were observed on Acacia auriculaeformis and Gmelina arborea fallows (Tukey-HSD test). The litter was more abundant under improved fallows than the control plot with a maximum reached under Acacia auriculaeformis; the leaf component represented at 93%. Granulometry of Acacia auriculaeformis fallow soil showed a percentage of clay (17.33%) and silt (13.08%) slightly greater than their percentages under Eucalyptus camaldulensis, Gmelina arboreafallows.Soils of the 4 plots were rich in organic matter and had a low content of exchangeable cations. The C/N ratio was low enough for the biomass of all fallows to allow early mineralization of N. Acacia auriculaeformis appeared as the species capable of restoring soil fertility.

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Evaluation of soil fertility indicators under planted trees fallows in northern Côte d’Ivoire

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N’Klo Ouattara, Blé Alexis Tardy Kouassi, Kouamé Antoine N’guessan, Dodiomon Soro.
Evaluation of soil fertility indicators under planted trees fallows in northern Côte d’Ivoire.
Int. J. Biosci. 15(4), 278-288, October 2019.
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