International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Evaluation of spring wheat genotypes for heat tolerance using cell membrane thermostability

By: Shadab Shaukat, Abdus Salam Khan, Makhdoom Hussain, Muhammad Kashif, Nisar Ahmad

Key Words: Cell membrane thermostability (CMT), Triticum aestivum, Heat tolerant, Heat susceptible, Medium tolerant

Int. J. Biosci. 12(5), 291-296, May 2018.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/12.5.291-296

Certification: ijb 2018 0083 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Heat stress causes major loss at reproductive stage in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) productivity. Wheat is a basic staple food in many countries all over the world. The present study was performed to find out the possible effects of heat tolerance on wheat genotypes. During experimentation, 120 spring wheat genotypes were used for evaluating heat tolerance in open field (normal) and in tunnel (heat stress). This resulted in 15 genotypes with diverse genetic makeup as 5 heat tolerant (HT), 5 heat susceptible (HS) and 5 medium tolerant (MT) wheat genotypes based on their relative values of cell membrane thermostability (CMT). ANOVA for CMT depicted highly significant differences among genotypes under both environments. It was concluded that V-13248, MISR 1, AARI- 11, V-13013 and V-12103 could be regarded as heat tolerant whereas V-12056, Millat-11, Chenab- 2000, ND643 and V-12082 as heat susceptible and Shafaq-06, WBLL1, CHIBIA, PBW65 and V-13016 as medium tolerant. These genotypes can cope up the heat stress efficiently and they can be utilized for developing heat tolerant genotypes. CMT was good marker for development of heat tolerant wheat genotypes with addition to grain yield.

| Views 44 |

Evaluation of spring wheat genotypes for heat tolerance using cell membrane thermostability

Al-Khatib K, Paulsen GM. 1989. Enhancement of thermal injury to photosynthesis in wheat plants and thylakoids by high light intensity. Plant Physiology 90, 1041-1048.

Behl, RK, Nainawatee HS, Singh KP. 1993. High temperature tolerance in wheat. International Crop Science Society of America USA.

Blum A, Ebercon A. 1981. Cell membrane stability as a measure of drought and heat tolerance in wheat. Crop Science 21, 43-47.

Blum A, Klueva N, Nguyen HT. 2001. Wheat cellular thermo tolerance is related to yield under heat stress. Euphytica 117, 117-123.

Bukhov NG, Wiese C, Neimanis S, Heber U. 1999. Heat sensitivity of chloroplasts and leaves: leakage of protons from thylakoids and reversible activation of cyclic electron transport. Photosynthetic Research 59, 81-93.

Dhanda SS, Munjal R. 2006. Inheritance of cellular thermotolerance in bread wheat. Plant Breeding 125, 557-564.

Dhanda SS, Munjal R. 2009. Cell membrane stability: Combining ability and gene effects under heat stress conditions. Cereal Research Communications     37, 409-417.

Petcu E, Ciuca M. 2009. SSR markers associated with membrane stability in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Romanian Agricultural Research 26, 21-24.

Reynolds MP, Nagarajan S, Razzaque MA, Ageeb OAA. 2001. Heat tolerance. In “Application of physiology in wheat breeding” Reynolds, MP, Ortiz- Monasterio JI, McNab A. (Eds) Mexico. CIMMYT. 124-135.

Saadalla MM, Quick JS, Shanahan JF. 1990. Heat tolerance in winter wheat: II. Membrane thermostability and field performance. Crop Science 30, 1248-1251.

Safari P, Vahed MM, Alavikia SS, Norouzi M. 2018. Evaluation of water deficient stress tolerance in spring wheat lines using canonical discriminant analysis. International Journal of Biosciences 12, 126-133.

Sairam RK, Saxena DC. 2000. Oxidative stress and antioxidants in wheat genoypes: Possible mechanism of water stress tolerance. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science 184, 55-61.

Sairam RK, Srivastava GC. 2001. Water stress tolerance of wheat (T. aestivum L.): variations in hydrogen peroxide accumulation and antioxidant activity in tolerant and susceptible genotypes. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science 186, 63-70.

Savchenko GE, Klyuchareva EA, Abrabchik LM, Serdyuchenko EV. 2002. Effect of periodic heat shock on the membrane system of etioplasts. Russian Journal of Plant Physiology 49, 349-359.

Shanahan JF, Edwards IB, Quick JS, Fenwick JR. 1990. Membrane thermostability and heat tolerance of spring wheat. Crop Science 30, 247-251.

Steel RGD, Torrie JH, Dickey DA. 1997. Principles and procedures of statistics: A biometrical approach, 3rd ed. McGraw Hill Book Co., New York.

Thiry AA, Chavez Dulanto PN, Reynolds MP, Davies WJ. 2016. How can we improve crop genotypes to increase stress resilience and productivity in a future climate? A new crop screening method based on productivity and resistance to abiotic stress. Journal of Experimental Botany 67, 5593-5603.

Wahid A, Gelani S, Ashraf M, Foolad MR. 2007. Heat tolerance in plants an over view. Environmental and experimental Botany 61, 199-223.

You L, Rosegrant MW, Wood S, Sun D. 2009. Impact of growing season temperature on wheat productivity in China. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 149, 1009-1014.

Shadab Shaukat, Abdus Salam Khan, Makhdoom Hussain, Muhammad Kashif, Nisar Ahmad.
Evaluation of spring wheat genotypes for heat tolerance using cell membrane thermostability.
Int. J. Biosci. 12(5), 291-296, May 2018.
https://innspub.net/ijb/evaluation-spring-wheat-genotypes-heat-tolerance-using-cell-membrane-thermostability/
Copyright © 2018
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
https://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update