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Evolution of new high yielding bitter gourd variety safeena for autumn season cultivation in Punjab

By: Muhammad Najeebullah, Mudassar Iqbal, Nusrat Parveen, Kashif Nadeem, Muhammad Iqbal, Saeed Ahmad Shah Chishti, Amir Latif

Key Words: Bitter gourd, Safeena, Recurrent selection, Autumn season, Pakistan.

Int. J. Biosci. 16(2), 296-301, February 2020.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/16.2.296-301

Certification: ijb 2020 0356 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Safeena a high yielding, disease resistant and autumn season bitter gourd variety developed to provide bitter gourd fruits in scarcity period Sep-Nov in Punjab, Pakistan.  Recurrent selection method was used to develop the variety at Vegetable Research Institute, Faisalabad. The variety was tested in replicated varietal/ station yield trials and multi-locational trials from 2013 to 2015. Results of Autumn season 2013 and 2014 yield trials showed that  average yield of Safeena was 28.3 t/ha that was considerably higher than the average yield of commercially cultivated bitter gourd varieties i.e. Black King (9.71 t/ha) and Faisalabad Long (6.01 t/ha). In multi-locational yield trials, Safeena showed the higher average yield (28.08 t/ha) than the respective checks (11.82 t/ha and 10.83 t/ha) and commercial varieties over all locations. It competes with commercially cultivated imported varieties and hybrids in autumn season cultivation. Safeena has the potential to produce yield 31.5 t/ha in season with more threats of fungal and viral diseases. Its fruits have dark green skin color, smooth ridges, spindle shape and average length of 25-30 cm. Average flowering days are 35-40 days. Its 1000 seed weight is 130-135 g. Safeena has good cooking quality. Commercialization of this variety will meet the scarcity period of bitter gourd throughout the Punjab in Pakistan.

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Evolution of new high yielding bitter gourd variety safeena for autumn season cultivation in Punjab

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Muhammad Najeebullah, Mudassar Iqbal, Nusrat Parveen, Kashif Nadeem, Muhammad Iqbal, Saeed Ahmad Shah Chishti, Amir Latif.
Evolution of new high yielding bitter gourd variety safeena for autumn season cultivation in Punjab.
Int. J. Biosci. 16(2), 296-301, February 2020.
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