International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Exogenous application of chitosan and humic acid effects on plant growth and yield of pea (Pisum sativum)

By: Rahmatullah Khan, Neelam Manzoor, Afia Zia, Imran Ahmad, Asad Ullah, Syed Mubarak Shah, Muhammad Naeem, Shujat Ali, Imran Habib Khan, Dania Zia, Shehzad Malik

Key Words: Foliar applications, Chitosan, Humic acid, Chlorophyll, Pisum sativum.

Int. J. Biosci. 12(5), 43-50, May 2018.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/12.5.43-50

Certification: ijb 2018 0029 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Chitosan is an organic polymer obtained from de-acetylation of chitin and Humic acid contain acidic groups such as carboxyl and phenolic OH functional groups. Therefore, it provides organic macromolecules with an important role in the transport, bioavailability and solubility of heavy metals Foliar application of both shows positive impacts on the growth and yield of various important crops. A pot experiment was conducted to find out effect of foliar application of chitosan in combination with Humic acid on growth and yield of pea (Pisum sativum) at the University of Agriculture Peshawar during growing season of 2016. Chitosan an organic plant growth stimulant in combination with humic acid were tested as a foliar application for its effects on pea plant. Various combinations of Humic acid (0, 1, 2, 3 g L-1) and Chitosan (0, 40, 60, 80 mg L-1) were applied through foliar spray. Experiment was laid out in completely randomized design (CRD). Pea cultivar Meteor was used for research trail. Data were collected on plant growth parameters such as plant height, number of flowers, chlorophyll content and dry weight of plant and yield parameters such as number of pods, protein content in pods, pod length and weight. Plant growth and yield attributes were significantly affected by chitosan and humic acid in combination (CHI x HA). Results indicated that chitosan and humic acid significantly affected growth and yield attributes of pea. Maximum number of pods (94.33), pod length (13.50 cm) were recorded with 80mgL-1 CHI and 2gL-1 HA. It was concluded that chitosan and humic acid  combination (80mgL-1 CHI and 2gL-1 HA) gave the best results in enhancing different growth and yield attributes significantly as compared with control treatment.

| Views 77 |

Exogenous application of chitosan and humic acid effects on plant growth and yield of pea (Pisum sativum)

Adani F, Genevini P, Zaccheo P, Zocchi G. 1998. The effect of commercial humic acid on tomato plant growth and mineral nutrition. Journal of Plant Nutrition 21, 561-575.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01904169809365424

Aisha HA, Shafeek M, Mahmoud RA, El-Desuki M. 2014. Effect of various levels of organic fertilizer and humic acid on the growth and roots quality of turnip plants (Brassica rapa). Current Science International 3, 7-14.

Algam S, Xie G, Li B, Yu S, Su T, Larsen J. 2010. Effects of Paenibacillus strains and chitosan on plant growth promotion and control of Ralstonia wilt in tomato. Journal of Plant Pathology 92, 593-600.

Andrade F, Mendonca E, Silva I, Mateus R. 2004. Low molecular weight and humic acids increase phosphorus uptake and corn growth in Oxisoils. Humic Substances and Soil and Water Environment, 211-214.

AOAC. 2000. Official methods of analysis of AOAC International: AOAC: Arlington, VA.

Boehme M, Schevtschenko J, Pinker I. 2005. Iron Supply of Cucumbers in Substrate Culture with Humate. Acta Horticulturae, 329-336.

Chen B, Zhu YG. 2006. Humic Acids Increase the Phytoavailability of Cd and Pb to Wheat Plants Cultivated in Freshly Spiked, Contaminated Soil (p, 7). Journal of Soils and Sediments 6, 236-242.

Chookhongkha N, Miyagawa S, Jirakiattikul Y, Photchanachai S. 2012. Chili growth and seed productivity as affected by chitosan.Proceedings of the International Conference on Agriculture Technology and Food Sciences, Manila, Philippines. Manila, Philippines.

El-hamryAM, El-Hai KA, Ghoneem KM. 2009. Amino and humic acids promote growth, yield and disease resistance of faba bean cultivated in clayey soil. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences3, 731-739.

El-Hak SG, Ahmed A, Moustafa Y. 2012.Effect of foliar application with two antioxidants and humic acid on growth, yield and yield components of peas (Pisum sativum L.). Journal of Horticultural Science and Ornamental Plants 4, 318-328.

El-Nemr M, El-Desuki M, El-Bassiony A, Fawzy Z. 2012. Response of growth and yield of cucumber plants (Cucumis sativus L.) to different foliar applications of humic acid and bio-stimulators. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences 6, 630-637.

El Nagar M, Shafshak, Nadia S, Sedera A, Esmail Kamel. 2013. Effect of foliar spray by some natural stimulating compounds on growth, yield and chemical composition of peas (Pisum sativum L.).

Farouk S, Mosa A, Taha A, Ibrahim HM, El-Gahmery A. 2011. Protective effect of humic acid and chitosan on radish (Raphanus sativus, L. var. sativus) plants subjected to cadmium stress. Journal of Stress Physiology & Biochemistry 7, 99-116.

Ibrahim EA, Ramadan WA. 2015. Effect of zinc foliar spray alone and combined with humic acid or/and chitosan on growth, nutrient elements content and yield of dry bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) plants sown at different dates. Scientia Horticulturae 184, 101-105.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2014.11.010

Janmohammadi M, Mostafavi H, Kazemi H, Mahdavinia G-R, Sabaghnia N. 2014. Effect of Chitosan Application on the Performance of Lentil Genotypes under Rainfed Conditions. Acta Technologica Agriculturae 17, 86-90.

http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/ata-2014-0020

Kaya M, Atak M, Khawar KM, Ciftci CY, Ozcan S. 2005. Effect of pre-sowing seed treatment with zinc and foliar spray of humic acids on yield of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). International Journal of Agriculture and Biology 7, 875-878.

Malerba M, Cerana R. 2016. Chitosan Effects on Plant Systems.International Journal of Molecular Sciences 17, 996.

Mondal M, Malek M, Puteh A, Ismail M. 2013. Foliar application of chitosan on growth and yield attributes of mungbean (Vignaradiata (L.) Wilczek). Bangladesh Journal of Botany 42, 179-183.

Nwe N, Chandrkrachang S, Stevens W. 2004. Application of chitosan in Myanmar’s agriculture sector. Pages 23-26. Proceedings of the Sixth Asia Pacific Chitin and Chitosan Symposium, May.

Rosa C, Castilhos R, Vahl L, Costa P. 2004. Effect of fulvic acids on plant growth, root morphology and macronutrient uptake by oats. Humic Substances and Soil and Water Environment, 207-210.

Sani B. 2014. Foliar Application of Humic Acid on Plant Height in Canola. APCBEE Procedia8, 82-86.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apcbee.2014.03.005

Senesi N, Loffredo E. 1994. Influence of soil humic substances and herbicides on the growth of pea (Pisum sativum L.) in nutrient solution 1. Journal of Plant Nutrition 17, 493-500.

Steel RG, Torrie JH. 1980. Principles and procedures of statistics: a biometrical approach: McGraw-Hill, New York New York, USA.

Tahir MM, Khurshid M, Khan MZ, Abbasi MK, Kazmi MH. 2011. Lignite-Derived Humic Acid Effect on Growth of Wheat Plants in Different Soils. Pedosphere21, 124-131.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S10020160(10)60087-2

Ulukan H. 2008. Effect of Soil Applied Humic Acid at Different Sowing Times on Some Yield Components in Wheat (Triticum spp.) Hybrids. International Journal of Botany 4, 164-175.

Rahmatullah Khan, Neelam Manzoor, Afia Zia, Imran Ahmad, Asad Ullah, Syed Mubarak Shah, Muhammad Naeem, Shujat Ali, Imran Habib Khan, Dania Zia, Shehzad Malik.
Exogenous application of chitosan and humic acid effects on plant growth and yield of pea (Pisum sativum).
Int. J. Biosci. 12(5), 43-50, May 2018.
https://innspub.net/ijb/exogenous-application-chitosan-humic-acid-effects-plant-growth-yield-pea-pisum-sativum/
Copyright © 2018
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
https://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update