International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Factors affecting sustainable cotton initiative effectiveness among rural masses: inductive study to explore supporting factors

By: Raees Abbas, Babar Shahbaz, Tanvir Ali, Maqsood Bajwa

Key Words: SCI, Adoption, Adaptive capacities, Stable market, Profit

Int. J. Biosci. 13(1), 356-363, July 2018.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/13.1.356-363

Certification: ijb 2018 0120 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Cotton is the major cash crop of Pakistan as country is fourth producer as well 3rd ranked consumer of the world. Farmers’ livelihoods are heavily dependent upon cotton production. However, in the wake of increased production and profit excessive application of pesticides and active ingredients has endangered the human life and environment. In this regard, Sustainable Cotton Initiative was started by WWF to guide farmers to use précised practices for environment protection. Despite of extensive potential of project outcome still found sluggish. Present study highlighted the major factors Poor socio-economic conditions of farmers, lack of financial resources, inadequate trainings, sluggish interest, less production, small land holdings, and less profit affecting effectiveness of SCI. despite of experience in farming still production level was found lower which is pertinent to several other factors like inadequate education, small landholding and sluggish understanding of supportive factors. it is recommended that effective interventions to create income opportunities, controlling cost of production, facilitation by WWF staff, establishment of stable market followed by training opportunities for the resource poor farmers will not only enhance farmers interest but also will improve the profits.

| Views 51 |

Factors affecting sustainable cotton initiative effectiveness among rural masses: inductive study to explore supporting factors

Berg Hvd, Oooi PAC, Hakim AL, Ariawan H, Cahyana W. 2004. Farmer Field Research: An Analysis of Experices in Indonesia, FAO-EU Programme for Cotton in Asia, Regional Office of Asia and the Pacific Bangkok.

Carlos E, Carpio and Octario, Ramirez A. 2002. Forecasting Foreign Cotton Production. The Case of India, Pakistan and Australia. Department of Agriculture and Applied Economics, Texas Tech. University, Lubbock, Texas

Ferrigno S. 2004. Growing hope: Livelihood opportunities for smallholder farmers around the world. In: K. Schaus (Ed.) Intercot – 4th International Conference on Organic Textiles, Chicago: 199. Organic Trade Association.

Govt. of Pakistan. 2011. Agriculture Chapter No. 2. Economic Survey of Pakistan, Federal Bureau of Statistics, Islamabad, Pakistan.

Govt. of Pakistan. 2013. Agriculture Chapter No. 2. Economic Survey of Pakistan, Federal Bureau of Statistics, Islamabad, Pakistan.

Jama B, Pizarro G. 2008. “Agriculture in Africa: Strategies to Improve and Sustain Smallholder Production Systems. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1136(1), 218–232.

Jensen KL, English BC. Menard RJ. 2009. Livestock farmers’ use of animal or herd health information sources. J. Ext 47(1).

Kossou KD, Ahanchede A, Tossou CR, Ghehounou G, Vodouhe S, Mongbo R, Fassassi R, Tokannou R, Azontonde A, Bourajma Y. 2004. Gestiondes Processus d’Innovations dans les FilieresCoton, Niebe, Sorghoau Benin: Approched’ Analyse Technographique. Projet Convergence des Sciences. Universite d’Abomey-Calavi, Cotonou, II8 pp.

Leeuwis C, Van Den Ban A. 2004. Communication for Rural Innovation: Rethinking Agricultural Extension (3rd edition). Blackwell Science, Oxford, 412 pp.

Makhdum AH, Akbar G, Imran A, Bhutto AR, Babar LK, Abubakar M, Khan LA. 2012. Reducing Cotton Footprints through Widespread Implementation of Better Management Practices (BMPs) in Pakistan. Rec. Zool. Surv. Pakistan 21, 51-55.

Mishra S. 2006. Farmers’ suicides in Maharashtra. Economic and Political Weekly 41(16), 1538-1545.

Nadeem AH, Nazim M, Hashim M, Javed MK. 2014. Factors Which Affect the Sustainable Production of Cotton in Pakistan: A Detailed Case Study from Bahawalpur District. Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Management Science and Engineering Management, Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering 241, 745-753.

Okunade EO. 2007. Effectiveness of extension teaching methods in acquiring knowledge, skill and attitude by women farmers in Osun state. J. Appl. Sci. Res 3(4), 282-286.

PAPA. 2009. Annual Report, Pakistan Pesticide Association pp110.

Poulton C, Kydd J, Dorward A. 2006. “Overcoming Market Constraints on Pro-poor Agricultural Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa. Development Policy Review 24(3), 243 –277.

Richards P. 2001. Technography: Notes onMethods. Unpublished document, Convergence of Sciences Project, 8 pp.

Roling NG, Hounkonnou D, Offei SK, Tossou R, Van Huis A. 2004. Linking science and farm-ers’ innovative capacity: diagnostic studies from Ghana and Benin. NJAS-Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences 52, 2II-235.

Sidhu JS. 2001. Green Revolution’ in India has Farmers under Severe Debt. UNI,

www.mindfully.org/Farm/India-Green-Revolution.htm.

Singla N, Babbar BK, Kaur J. 2012. Farmers’ Participatory Research on Rodent Control in Punjab State: Survey, Education, Impact Assessment and Sustainability.” Crop Protection 34, 25–31.

Sinzogan AAC, Van Huis A, Kossou OK, Jiggins J, Vodouhe S. 2004. Farmers’ knowledge and perception of cotton pests and pest control practices in Benin: results of a diagnostic study, NJAS 52-3/4, 285-303.

Van De Fliert E. 1993. Integrated pest management. Farmerfield schools generate sustainable prac-tices: a case study in CentralJava evaluating IPM training. PhD thesis Wageningen Agricultural University, Wageningen 303 pp.

WWF. 2007. Sustainable Cotton Production in Pakistan – A review of Existing Cotton Production Policies in Pakistan.

WWF. 2009. Sustainable Sugarcane Production in Pakistan – A review of Existing Sugarcane Production Policies in Pakistan.

Raees Abbas, Babar Shahbaz, Tanvir Ali, Maqsood Bajwa.
Factors affecting sustainable cotton initiative effectiveness among rural masses: inductive study to explore supporting factors.
Int. J. Biosci. 13(1), 356-363, July 2018.
https://innspub.net/ijb/factors-affecting-sustainable-cotton-initiative-effectiveness-among-rural-masses-inductive-study-explore-supporting-factors/
Copyright © 2018
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
https://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update