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Floral diversity and Impact of runoff salts on native vegetation at south eastern side of the salt range in Pakistan

By: Allah Nawaz Khan, Noor Ull Huda, Mansoor Hameed, Farooq Ahmad, Muhammad Asif Akram, Atfa Iqbal

Key Words: Floral diversity, Salt stress, Salt Tolerance, Salt range.

Int. J. Biosci. 15(5), 227-232, November 2019.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/15.5.227-232

Certification: ijb 2019 0207 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Present study was conducted to investigate the floral diversity and Impact of runoff salts on  native vegetation at south eastern side of the salt range in Pakistan, because this area has  a lot of importance due to its unique kind of floral diversity including many salt tolerating plant species. Firstly an extensive survey was conducted and sample from plant species present at south eastern side of salt range were collected, pressed, and dried. It was concluded that Plant species are different in their tolerance capacity and this capability is different with in different cultivars of same species. Salinity causes much limitation to agricultural sector in area of low rain fall as arid and semi-arid zones. Salinity inhibition of plant growth and their distribution in different area. Salinity distributes plants according to their concentration and plant resistance to these concentrations.

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Floral diversity and Impact of runoff salts on native vegetation at south eastern side of the salt range in Pakistan

Abbas ST, Azra Q, Chughtai MID. 1994. Salt affected soils-problems and prospects. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research 15(1), 176-184.

Ahmad F, Khan MA, Ahmad M, Zafar M, Mahmood T, Jabeen A, Marwat SK. 2010 Ethnomedicinal uses of grasses in the Salt Range Region of Northern Pakistan.  Journal of Medicinal Plants Research 4(5), 362-369.

Al Omron AM, El-Maghraby SE, Nadeem ME, A, El-Eter AM, Al-Mohani H. 2012. Long term effect of irrigation with the treated sewage effluent on some soil properties of Al-Hassa Governorate, Saudi Arabia. Journal of the Saudi Society of Agricultural Sciences 11(1), 15-18.

Ali SI. 2008. Significance of flora with special reference to Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Botany 40(3), 967-971.

Allakhverdiev SI, Sakamoto A, Nishiyama Y, Inaba M, Murata N. 2000. Ionic and osmotic effects of NaCl-induced inactivation of photosystems I and II in Synechococcus sp. Plant physiology 123(3), 1047-1056.

Bhutta WM. 2011. Antioxidant activity of enzymatic system of two different wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivars growing under salt stress. Plant, Soil and Environment 57(3), 101-107.

Cantrell IC, Linderman RG. 2001. Preinoculation of lettuce and onion with VA mycorrhizal fungi reduces deleterious effects of soil salinity. Plant and Soil 233(2), 269-281.

Chatrath R, Mishra B, Ferrara GO, Singh SK, Joshi AK. 2007. Challenges to wheat production in South Asia. Euphytica 157(3), 447-456.

Farooq M, Wahid A, Kobayashi N, Fujita D,  Basra SMA. 2009. Plant drought stress: effects, mechanisms and management.  Sustainable agriculture (p 153-188). Springer, Dordrecht.

Hameed M, Ashraf M. 2008. Physiological and biochemical adaptations of Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. from the Salt Range (Pakistan) to salinity stress. Flora-Morphology, Distribution, Functional Ecology of Plants 203(8), 683-694.

Hasegawa PM, Bressan R A, Zhu JK, Bohnert HJ. 2000. Plant cellular and molecular responses to high salinity. Annual review of plant biology 51(1), 463-499.

Mandhania S, Madan S, Sawhney V. 2006.  Defense mechanism under salt stress in wheat seedlings. Biologia Plantarum 50(2), 227-231.

Mühling KH, Läuchli A. 2002. Effect of salt stress on growth and cation compartmentation in leaves of two plant species differing in salt tolerance. Journal of Plant Physiology 159(2), 137-146.

Munns R. 2002. Comparative physiology of salt and water stress. Plant, cell & environment 25(2), 239-250.

Munns R. 2005. Genes and salt tolerance: bringing them together. New phytologist 167(3), 645-663.

Munns R, Tester M. 2008. Mechanisms of salinity tolerance. Annu. Rev. Plant Biology 59, 651-681.

Parida AK, Das AB. 2005. Salt tolerance and salinity effects on plants: a review. Ecotoxicology and environmental safet 60(3), 324-349.

Qadir M, Ghafoor A, Murtaza G. 2000. Amelioration strategies for saline soils: a review. Land Degradation & Development 11(6), 501-521.

Rahdari P, Tavakoli S, Hosseini SM. 2012. Studying of salinity stress effect on germination, proline, sugar, protein, lipid and chlorophyll content in purslane (Portulaca oleracea L.) leaves. Journal of Stress Physiology & Biochemistry 8(1), 182-193.

Shaaban MM, El-Fouly MM. 2000. Nutrient contents and salt removal potential of some wild plants grown in salt affected soils. In International Symposium on Techniques to Control Salination for Horticultural Productivity 573, p 377-385.

Tester M, Davenport R. 2003. Na+ tolerance and Na+ transport in higher plants. Annals of botany 91(5), 503-527.

Mahmood K, Morris J, Collopy J, Slavich P. 2001. Groundwater uptake and sustainability of farm plantations on saline sites in Punjab province, Pakistan. Agricultural Water Management 48(1), 1-20.

Ellery WN, Ellery K, McCarthy TS. 1993. Plant distribution in islands of the Okavango Delta, Botswana: determinants and feedback interactions. African Journal of Ecology 31(2), 118-134.

Abbas ST, Azra Q, Chughtai MID. 1994. Salt affected soils-problems and prospects. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research 15(1), 176-184.

Ahmad F, Khan MA, Ahmad M, Zafar M, Mahmood T, Jabeen A, Marwat SK. 2010 Ethnomedicinal uses of grasses in the Salt Range Region of Northern Pakistan.  Journal of Medicinal Plants Research 4(5), 362-369.

Al Omron AM, El-Maghraby SE, Nadeem ME, A, El-Eter AM, Al-Mohani H. 2012. Long term effect of irrigation with the treated sewage effluent on some soil properties of Al-Hassa Governorate, Saudi Arabia. Journal of the Saudi Society of Agricultural Sciences 11(1), 15-18.

Ali SI. 2008. Significance of flora with special reference to Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Botany 40(3), 967-971.

Allakhverdiev SI, Sakamoto A, Nishiyama Y, Inaba M, Murata N. 2000. Ionic and osmotic effects of NaCl-induced inactivation of photosystems I and II in Synechococcus sp. Plant physiology 123(3), 1047-1056.

Bhutta WM. 2011. Antioxidant activity of enzymatic system of two different wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivars growing under salt stress. Plant, Soil and Environment 57(3), 101-107.

Cantrell IC, Linderman RG. 2001. Preinoculation of lettuce and onion with VA mycorrhizal fungi reduces deleterious effects of soil salinity. Plant and Soil 233(2), 269-281.

Chatrath R, Mishra B, Ferrara GO, Singh SK, Joshi AK. 2007. Challenges to wheat production in South Asia. Euphytica 157(3), 447-456.

Farooq M, Wahid A, Kobayashi N, Fujita D,  Basra SMA. 2009. Plant drought stress: effects, mechanisms and management.  Sustainable agriculture (p 153-188). Springer, Dordrecht.

Hameed M, Ashraf M. 2008. Physiological and biochemical adaptations of Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. from the Salt Range (Pakistan) to salinity stress. Flora-Morphology, Distribution, Functional Ecology of Plants 203(8), 683-694.

Hasegawa PM, Bressan R A, Zhu JK, Bohnert HJ. 2000. Plant cellular and molecular responses to high salinity. Annual review of plant biology 51(1), 463-499.

Mandhania S, Madan S, Sawhney V. 2006.  Defense mechanism under salt stress in wheat seedlings. Biologia Plantarum 50(2), 227-231.

Mühling KH, Läuchli A. 2002. Effect of salt stress on growth and cation compartmentation in leaves of two plant species differing in salt tolerance. Journal of Plant Physiology 159(2), 137-146.

Munns R. 2002. Comparative physiology of salt and water stress. Plant, cell & environment 25(2), 239-250.

Munns R. 2005. Genes and salt tolerance: bringing them together. New phytologist 167(3), 645-663.

Munns R, Tester M. 2008. Mechanisms of salinity tolerance. Annu. Rev. Plant Biology 59, 651-681.

Parida AK, Das AB. 2005. Salt tolerance and salinity effects on plants: a review. Ecotoxicology and environmental safet 60(3), 324-349.

Qadir M, Ghafoor A, Murtaza G. 2000. Amelioration strategies for saline soils: a review. Land Degradation & Development 11(6), 501-521.

Rahdari P, Tavakoli S, Hosseini SM. 2012. Studying of salinity stress effect on germination, proline, sugar, protein, lipid and chlorophyll content in purslane (Portulaca oleracea L.) leaves. Journal of Stress Physiology & Biochemistry 8(1), 182-193.

Shaaban MM, El-Fouly MM. 2000. Nutrient contents and salt removal potential of some wild plants grown in salt affected soils. In International Symposium on Techniques to Control Salination for Horticultural Productivity 573, p 377-385.

Tester M, Davenport R. 2003. Na+ tolerance and Na+ transport in higher plants. Annals of botany 91(5), 503-527.

Mahmood K, Morris J, Collopy J, Slavich P. 2001. Groundwater uptake and sustainability of farm plantations on saline sites in Punjab province, Pakistan. Agricultural Water Management 48(1), 1-20.

Ellery WN, Ellery K, McCarthy TS. 1993. Plant distribution in islands of the Okavango Delta, Botswana: determinants and feedback interactions. African Journal of Ecology 31(2), 118-134.

Allah Nawaz Khan, Noor Ull Huda, Mansoor Hameed, Farooq Ahmad, Muhammad Asif Akram, Atfa Iqbal.
Floral diversity and Impact of runoff salts on native vegetation at south eastern side of the salt range in Pakistan.
Int. J. Biosci. 15(5), 227-232, November 2019.
https://innspub.net/ijb/floral-diversity-impact-runoff-salts-native-vegetation-south-eastern-side-salt-range-pakistan/
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