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Fracture resistance of weakened premolars restored with different preheated bulk fill composites (A comparative in vitro study)

By: Othman H. Abdulhameed, Zainab M. Abdul-Ameer

Key Words: Fracture resistance; bulk fill technique; preheated bulk fill composite materials.

J. Bio. Env. Sci. 13(4), 237-247, October 2018.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/13.4.237-247

Certification: ijb 2018 0028 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Objective: This was performed to evaluate the preheating effect of different bulk fill composite materials on the fracture resistance of the maxillary premolars. A 64 caries & crack-free maxillary premolar teeth were divided into groups and subgroups with eight teeth each: group 1, sound unprepared teeth; group 2, teeth received (MOD) cavity and left unrestored; group 3-A, restored with Filtek TM bulk fill posterior restoration; group 3-B, restored with preheated Filtek TM bulk fill posterior restoration; group 4-A, restored with Beautifil –Bulk ™ composite; group 4-B, restored with preheated Beautifil –Bulk ™ composite; group 5-A, restored with Tertic Evo Ceram® Bulk Fill composite; and group 5-B, restored with preheated Tertic Evo Ceram® Bulk Fill composite. The teeth subjected to compression load with the long axis of the teeth until fractured using a universal testing machine. The data were statistically analyzed using one-way ANOVA, LSD test and t-test. The specimens in groups 3–5 were examined to evaluate the mode of failure. Group 1 showed the highest fracture resistance compared with other groups at room temperature and preheated composite materials. The differences among groups were statistically highly significant (P<0.01).Group 2 showed the lowest fracture resistance. Among the restored groups, group 4 recorded the highest fracture resistance than others, and statistically significant difference was found (P<0.05).No statistically significant differences were found (P<0.05) among the restored groups when preheated composite materials were used. No statistically differences were found (P<0.05) among the subgroups except group 5-A at room temperature and group 5-B at 54±1 °C.

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Fracture resistance of weakened premolars restored with different preheated bulk fill composites (A comparative in vitro study)

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Othman H. Abdulhameed, Zainab M. Abdul-Ameer.
Fracture resistance of weakened premolars restored with different preheated bulk fill composites (A comparative in vitro study).
J. Bio. Env. Sci. 13(4), 237-247, October 2018.
https://innspub.net/ijb/fracture-resistance-weakened-premolars-restored-different-preheated-bulk-fill-composites-comparative-vitro-study/
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