International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Genetic Assessment of Oil Contributing Traits in Upland Cotton

By: Abdul Rehman, Anam Bashir, Ghulam Sarwar, Jia Yinhua, Xiongming Du, Muhammad Tehseen Azhar

Key Words: Correlation, Cotton, Environmental variance, Genetic variance, Heritability, Phenotypic variance.

Int. J. Biosci. 17(4), 32-45, October 2020.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/17.4.32-45

Certification: ijb 2020 0050 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Cotton is the most important fiber as well as oil crop around the globe and plays a vital role in the economy of Pakistan. Present research work was planned to evaluate 5 parents along with their 20 hybrids of upland cotton for oil content and oil contributing traits in a complete diallel fashion in randomized complete block design with three replications. Genetic variance, phenotypic variance, environmental variance, heritability and correlation was estimated for various morphological traits. Results revealed that parent AA-802 and exhibited good performance for sympodial branches per plant, number of bolls per plant, boll weight, ginning outturn (GOT) seed index, lint index and seed cotton yield. Whereas, C-26 identified as better performer exclusively for plant height, sympodial branches per plant, seed index and oil contents. Cross SB-149 × C-26 showed significant response for seed cotton yield, sympodial branches per plant, boll weight, number of bolls per plant, plant height, seed index, lint index, seed cotton yield and oil contents. SB-149 × AA-802 presented better results for the traits namely, sympodial branches per plant, boll weight, GOT, seed index and seed cotton yield. High heritability estimate was recorded in boll weight, number of bolls per plant, GOT, oil contents while moderate heritability was estimated in seed cotton yield, lint index and seed index. Low heritability was estimated in plant height and sympodial branches. These identified parents and hybrids could be used in future breeding programs to overcome the oil-related problems in upland cotton.

| Views 48 |

| Views 48 |

Genetic Assessment of Oil Contributing Traits in Upland Cotton

Abbas H, Mahmood A, Ali Q, Khan M, Nazeer W, Aslam T, Zahid W. 2013. Genetic variability, heritability, genetic advance and correlation studies in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). International Research Journal of Microbiology 4(6), 156-161.

Abbas HG, Mahmood A, Ali Q. 2015. Genetic variability and correlation analysis for various yield traits of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). Journal of Agricultural Research 53(4), 481-491.

Abdullah M, Numan M, Shafique MS, Shakoor A, Rehman S, Ahmad M. 2016. Genetic variability and interrelationship of various agronomic traits using correlation and path analysis in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). Academia Journal of Agricultural Research 4(6), 315-318.

http://dx.doi.org/10.15413/ajar.2016.0154

Afiah S, Ghoneim E. 2000. Correlation, stepwise and path coefficient analysis in Egyptian cotton under saline conditions. Arab Universities Journal of Agricultural Sciences 8(2), 607-618.

Ahmad A, Farooq J, Chattha WS, Naveed-Ul-Haq M. 2014. Association of Qualitative and Yield Contributing Traits in Upland Cotton. Agriculture and Forestry 60(1), 115-122.

Ahmad M, Azhar FM. 2000. Genetic correlation and path coefficient analysis of oil and protein contents and other quantitative characters in F2 generation of Gossypium hirsutum L. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences 3(6), 1049-1051.

Ahmad M, Khan NU, Muhammad F, Khan SA, Munir I, Bibi Z, Shaheen S. 2011. Genetic potential and heritability studies for some polygenic traits in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). Pakistan Journal of Botany 43(3), 1713-1718.

Ahmad S, Fiaz S, Riaz A, Bashir I, Zeb A. 2016. Correlation analysis of morphological and fiber quality traits in upland Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). International Journal of Biosciences 9(4), 200-208.

http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/9.4.200-208

Ahmad W, Khan N, Khalil M, Parveen A, Saeed M, Shah S. 2008. Genetic variability and correlation analysis in upland cotton. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture. 24(4), 573-580.

Al-Bayaty HM. 2005. Path coefficient analysis in upland cotton. Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture 33(3), 2-7.

Alishah O, Bagherieh-Najjar M, Fahmideh L. 2008. Correlation, path coefficient and factor analysis of some quantitative and agronomic traits in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). Asian Journal of Biological Sciences. 1(2), 61-68.

Alkuddsi Y, Patil S, Manjula S, Patil B. 2013. Correlation Studies on Yield and its Components in inter specific cotton hybrids (G. hirsutum x G. barbadense) for developing heterotic box. Molecular Plant Breeding 4(28), 228-23

http://dx.doi.org/10.5376/mpb.2013.04.0028

Ashokkumar K. Ravikesavan R. 2010. Genetic studies of correlation and path coefficient analysis for seed oil, yield and fibre quality traits in cotton (G. hirsutum L.). Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences 4(11), 5496-5499.

Ashokkumar K. Ravikesavan R. 2013. Genetic variation and heterotic effects for seed oil, seed protein and yield attributing traits in upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). African Journal of Biotechnology 12(33), 5183-5191.

Azhar FM, Naeem M. 2008. Assessment of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) germplasm for combining abilities in fiber traits. Journal of Agriculture and Social Sciences 4, 129-131.

Baloch M, Kumar C, Jatoi W, Rind I. 2014. Phenotypic correlation and regression analysis of yield and fibre traits in upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). Pakistan Journal of Agriculture, Agricultural Engineering and Veterinary Sciences 30(2), 135-146.

Baloch M, Baloch A, Baloch M, Mallano I, Baloch A, Baloch N, Abro S. 2015. Association and heritability analysis for yield and fiber traits in promising genotypes of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). Sindh University Research Journal 47(2), 303-306.

Bednarz CW, Nichols RL,  Brown SM. 2007. Within-boll yield components of high yielding cotton cultivars. Crop Science 47(5), 2108-2112.

Bibi M, Khan NU, Mohammad F, Gul R, Khakwani AA, Sayal OU. 2011. Genetic divergence and association among polygenic characters in Gossypium hirsutum L. Pakistan Journal of Botany 43(6), 2751-2758.

Burton GW. 1951. Quantitative Inheritance in pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum). Agronomy Journal 43(9), 409-417.

Chao-zhu X, Shu-xun Y, Li-ping G, Cheng-duo M, Wen-juan F, Hai-lin W, Yun-lei Z. 2008. Heterosis performance and correlation analysis on economic traits of upland cotton hybrids in different ecological environments. Cotton Science 20(1), 6-10.

Chattha WS, Farooq J, Ahmad A, Kang SA,

Naveed-Ul-Haq M. 2013. Correlation analysis of quality and yield contributing traits in upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). International Journal of Modern Agriculture 2, 95-101.

Chaudhari M, Faldu G, Ramani H. 2017. Genetic variability, Correlation and Path coefficient analysis in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). Advances in Bioresearch 8(6), 226-233.

http://dx.doi.org/10.15515/abr.09764585.8.6.226233

Choudhary R, Solanki B, Gahtyari NC, Paul T, Patel D. 2016. Heterosis in single cross inter and intra-specific hybrids of Desi cotton (Gossypium arboreum and G. herbaceaum) for their seed cotton yield, fibre quality and seed oil content. Journal of Applied and Natural Science 8(3), 1356-1365.

https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v8i3.966

Choudki V, Savita S, Sangannavar P, Vamadevaiah H, Khadi B, Patil RS, Katageri I. 2013. Genetic improvement of fibre strength in diploid cotton (G. herbaceum l.) through interspecific hybridization using G. anomalum wild species. Crop Research 45(1), 259-267.

Cook C, El-Zik K. 1993. Fruiting and lint yield of cotton cultivars under irrigated and nonirrigated conditions. Field Crops Research 33(4), 411-421.

Dani, R. 1991. Analysis of combining ability for seed oil content in cotton (G. hirsutum). Acta Agronomica Hungarica 40, 123-127.

Desalegn Z, Ratanadilok N, Kaveeta R. 2009. Correlation and heritability for yield and fiber quality parameters of Ethiopian cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) estimated from 15 (diallel) crosses. Natural Science 43, 1-11.

El-Kady DA, Abd El-Mohsen AA, Latif HMA. 2015. Evaluating bivariate and multivariate statistical analysis of yield and agronomic characters in Egyptian cotton. Scientia Agriculturae 9(3), 150-164.

http://dx.doi.org/10.15192/PSCP.SA.2015.9.3.150164

ESP. 2019-2020. Economic Survey of Pakistan, Ministry of Finance, Economic Advisor’s Wing, Islamabad.

Farooq J, Anwar M, Rizwan M, Riaz M, Mahmood K, Mahpara S. 2015. Estimation of Correlation and Path Analysis of Various Yield and Related Parameters in Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). Cotton Genomics and Genetics 6(1), 1-6.

http://dx.doi.org/10.5376/cgg.2015.06.0001

Farooq J, Anwar M, Riaz M, Mahmood A, Farooq A, Iqbal MS, Iqbal MS. 2013. Association and path analysis of earliness, yield and fiber related traits under cotton leaf curl virus (CLCuV) intensive conditions in Gossypium hirsutum L. Plant Knowledge Journal 2(2), 43.

Farooq J, Anwar M, Riaz M, Farooq A, Mahmood A, Shahid M, Rafiq M, Ilahi F. 2014. Correlation and path coefficient analysis of earliness, fiber quality and yield contributing traits in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). Journal of Animal & Plant Sciences 24(3), 781-790.

Feiyu T, Xueqin F, Wangcheng M, Wang X, Wenjun X. 2012. Performance of yield components and morphological traits and their relationships of the lint yield in Bt cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) hybrids. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology 14(3), 360-364.

Hassan I, Mohamed A, Abdel-Rahman L. 2005. Comparative study on seed cotton yield, oil and protein contents in the seed of some Egyptian cotton cultivars grown at different locations. Egyptian Journal of Agricultural Research 83(2), 735-742.

Iqbal MA, Ammad A, Zafar Y. 2015. Characterization of indigenous Gossypium Arboreum L. Genotypes for various fiber quality traits. Pakistan Journal of Botany 47(6), 2347-2354.

Joshi H, Chovatia P, Mehta D. 2006. Genetic variability, character association and component analysis in upland cotton. Indian Journal of Agricultural Research 40(4), 302-305.

Karademir Ç, Karademir E, Ekinci R, Gençer O. 2009. Correlations and path coefficient analysis between leaf chlorophyll content, yield and yield components in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) under drought stress conditions. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca 37(2), 241-244.

Khan H. 2014. Genetic variability for yield, its components and quality traits in upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). Natural Science 12, 31-35.

Khan NU, Marwat KB, Hassan G, Farhatullah SB, Makhdoom K, Ahmad W, Khan HU. 2010. Genetic variation and heritability for cotton seed, fiber and oil traits in Gossypium hirsutum L. Pakistan Journal of Botany 42(1), 615-625.

Khan NU, Hassan G, Marwat KB, Farhatullah SB, Makhdoom K, Khan I, Khan I, Ahmad W. 2009. Genetic variability and heritability in upland cotton. Pakistan Journal of Botany 41(4), 1695-1705.

Killi F, Efe L, Mustafayev S. 2005. Genetic and environmental variability in yield, yield components and lint quality traits of cotton. International Journal of  Agriculture and Biology 7(6), 1007-1010.

Krishnarao, K. and Mary, T. 1990. Variability, correlation and path analysis of yield and fibre traits in upland cotton. Madras Agricultural Journal 77(3), 146-151.

Kumari B, Kajjidoni S, Salimath P, Patil M, Chakrawarthy A. 2011. Relative contribution of component traits of seed cotton yield in five F2 population of desi cotton. Current Biotica 5(1), 29-39.

Latif A, Bilal M, Hussain SB, Ahmad F. 2015. Estimation of genetic divergence, association, direct and indirect effects of yield with other attributes in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) using biplot correlation and path coefficient analysis. Tropical Plant Research 2(2), 120-126.

Mathews PG. 2005. Design of Experiments with MINITAB. Milwaukee, Wisconsin Wisconsin: ASQ Quality Press.

Meena PP, Meena H. 2017. Genetic Variability and Character Association in Intra-Hirsutum Hybrids. International Journal of Pure and Applied Bioscience 5(3), 403-406.

http://dx.doi.org/10.18782/2320-7051.5053

Mishra U. Satpute G. 2007. Quantitative improvement of seed-oil through desired traits association in rainfed cotton (Gossypium arboreum L.). Journal of Cotton Research and Development 21(1), 1-5.

Munawar M. Malik TA. 2013. Correlation and genetic architecture of seed traits and oil content in Gossypium hirsutum L. Journal of Plant Breeding and Genetics 1(2), 56-61.

Murthy JS. Chamundeswari N. 2006. Yield component analysis in introgressed lines of upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). Journal of Cotton Research and Development 20(1), 1-4.

Mustafa A, Elsheikh Y, Babiker E. 2007. Genetic variability and character association and selection criteria in Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). Sudan Journal of Agricultural Research 8, 43-50.

Pujer SK, Siwach SS, Sangwan RS, Sangwan O, Deshmukh JA. 2014. Correlation and path coefficient analysis for yield and fibre quality traits in upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L). Journal of Cotton Research Development. 28, 214-216.

Pujer S, Siwach S, Deshmukh J, Sangwan R, Sangwan O. 2014. Genetic variability, correlation and path analysis in upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). Electronic Journal of Plant Breeding 5(2), 284-289.

Punitha D, Gunasekaran M., Balu P, Vinodhana N, Vindhiyavarman P. 2013. Genetic studies of variability, correlation and path coefficient analysis in cotton. Advances in Plant Sciences 26(2), 331-334.

Qayyum A, Murtaza N, Azhar F, Iqbal MZ, Malik W. 2010. Genetic variability and association among oil, protein and other economic traits of Gossypium hirsutum L. in F2 generation. Journal of Agriculture and Research 48(2), 137-142.

Rajamani S, Sumalatha P, Gopinath M. 2013. Correlation and path coefficient analysis in upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). Journal of Cotton Research and Development 27(2), 188-190.

Ranganatha H, Patil SS, Manjula S, Arvindkumar B. 2013. Genetic variability studies in segregating generation of upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). Molecular Plant Breeding 4, 84-88.

http://dx.doi.org/10.5376/mpb.2013.04.0010

Ranjan R, Sangwan R, Siwach S, Sangwanand O, Sah M. 2014. Correlation and path analysis studies in Gossypium arboreum L. Journal of Cotton Research and Development 28(1), 37-39.

Rao P. Gopinath M. 2013. Association analysis of yield and fibre quality characters in upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences 7(8), 787-790.

Rasheed A, Malik W, Khan A, Murtaza N, Qayyum A, Noor E. 2009. Genetic evaluation of fiber yield and yield components in fifteen cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) genotypes. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology 11, 581-585.

Reddy RY, Sarma A. 2014. Genetic variability for yield components and fibre characters in cotton (Gossypium arboreum L.). Plant Archives 14(1), 417-419.

Rehman A, Mariam R, Mirbahar A, Saifullah 2014. Biometrical association of plant height and yield components in Gossypium hirsutum L. International Journal of Biology and Biotechnology 11(1), 155-159.

Salahuddin S, Abro S, Kandhro M, Salahuddin L, Laghari S. 2010. Correlation and path coefficient analysis of yield components of upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) sympodial. World Applied Sciences Journal 8, 71-75.

Sawan ZM, Hafez SA, Basyony AE, Alkassas A. 2006. Cottonseed, protein, oil yields and oil properties as affected by nitrogen fertilization and foliar application of potassium and a plant growth retardant. World Journal of Agricultural Sciences 2(1), 56-65.

Sekhar SC, Rao B. 2011. Cottonseed oil as health oil. Pertanika Journal of Tropical Agricultural Science 34(1), 17-24.

Shar T, Baloch M, Arain M, Jatoi W, Lochi R. 2017. Phenotypic associations, regression coefficients and heritability estimates for quantitative and fiber quality traits in upland cotton genotypes. Journal of Agriculture, Agricultural Engineering and Veterinary Sciences 33(2), 142-152.

Soomro A, Kakar R, Ali, H, Abid S. 2005. Comparison of yield and its components in some commercial cotton varieties. Indus Journal of Plant Science 4(4), 545-552.

Srinivas B, Bhadru D, Rao M. 2015. Correlation and path coefficient analysis for seed cotton yield and its components in American cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). Agricultural Science Digest-A Research Journal 35(1), 13-18.

http://dx.doi.org/10.5958/0976-0547.2015.00003.8

Steel RGD. Torrie JH, Dickey DA. 1997. Principles and procedures of statistics: A biometrical approach. (3rd ed.) McGraw Hill, New York.

Suinaga FA, Bastos CS, Rangel LEP. 2006. Phenotypic adaptability and stability of cotton cultivars in Mato Grosso State, Brazil. Pesquisa Agropecuária Tropical 36(3), 145-150.

Tayade A, Raju A, Dhoele M. 2011. Studies on correlation and path coefficient analysis in Bt and non Bt cotton hybrids (Gossypium hirsutum L.). Journal of Cotton Research and Development 25(2), 147-151.

Ullah K, Usman Z, Khan N, Ullah R, Saleem FY, Khattak SI, Ali M. 2015. Genetic diversity for yield and related traits in upland cotton genotypes. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research 28(2), 118-125.

Vineela N, Samba Murthy J, Ramakumar P, Ratna K. 2013. Variability studies for physio morphological and yield components traits in American Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Sciences 4(3), 7-10.

Wadeyar BS, Kajjidoni S. 2015. Genetic Variability Estimation and Frequency of Superior Progenies in Advance Breeding lines in desi cotton at two locations. Current World Environment 10(1), 313-317.

http://dx.doi.org/10.12944/CWE.10.1.39

Xu N, Zou K, Chen X, Xiao S, Dia J, Liu J. 2005. Analysis of genetic effects for boll traits in upland cotton. Jiangsu Journal of Agricultural Sciences 21(1), 17-21.

Abdul Rehman, Anam Bashir, Ghulam Sarwar, Jia Yinhua, Xiongming Du, Muhammad Tehseen Azhar.
Genetic Assessment of Oil Contributing Traits in Upland Cotton.
Int. J. Biosci. 17(4), 32-45, October 2020.
https://innspub.net/ijb/genetic-assessment-oil-contributing-traits-upland-cotton/
Copyright © 2020
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
https://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update