International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Genetic diversity assessment of wheat germplasm from Pakistan using agro-morphometric traits

By: Kiran Zubair, Inamullah, Ayesha Bibi, Rabia Masood, Hakim Khan

Key Words: Genetic diversity, Principal component analysis, Cluster analysis, wheat varieties.

Int. J. Biosci. 17(4), 161-169, October 2020.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/17.4.161-169

Certification: ijb 2020 0062 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

In the present study, Genetic diversity was studied among 25 bread wheat genotypes using 13 agro-morphological traits. The data were analyzed by cluster analysis and principal component analysis. A significant level of variability was noticed for some agro-morphological traits. The largest variation was observed in the Harvest index (203.11), Flag leaf area (153.39) and plant height (103.92). The 25 bread wheat varieties in this study were grouped into four clusters based on the hierarchical clustering method. Most important PCI explained 31.96%, PCII contributed 21.23% and PCIII accounted for 11.88% of total morphological variability. Genotypes Bluesilver, Pari-73 and Haider-2000 have high thousand-grain weight, biological yield and the high number of tillers per plant. Bluesilver, Pari-73 and Haider-2000 are three elite genotypes identified based on important agro-morphological traits for the future breeding program under Mansehra conditions.

| Views 9 |

| Views 9 |

Genetic diversity assessment of wheat germplasm from Pakistan using agro-morphometric traits

Abouzied HM, Samah M, Eldemery M, Abdellatif KF. 2013. SSR- based genetic diversity assessment in tetraploid and hexaploid wheat populations. British Biotechnology Journal 3, 390-404.

Aharizad S, Sabzi M, Mohammadi SA, Khodadadi E. 2012. Multivariate analysis of genetic diversity in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) recombinant inbred lines using agronomic traits. Annals of Biological Research 3, 2118‒2126.

Ali Y, Atta BM, Akhter J, Monneveux P, Lateef Z. 2008. Genetic variability, association and diversity studies in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) germplasm. Pakistan Journal of Botany 40, 2087-2097.

Atkinson M, Kettlewell PS, Poulton PR, Hollings PD. 2008. Grain quality in the Broadbalk wheat experiment and the winter North Atlantic oscillation. Journal of Agricultural Science 146, 541–549.

Bar-Hen, A, Charcosset A, Bourgoin M, Cuiard J. 1995. Relationships between genetic markers and morphological traits in maize inbred lines collection. Euphytica 84, 145‒154.

Batiseba Tembo, Julia Sibiya, Pangirayi Tongoona. 2018. Assessing genetic diversity in wheat using agro-morphological traits and the association between traits. World Journal of Agricultural Sciences 14, 98-107.

Drezner G, Dvojkovic K, Horvat D, Novoselovic D, Lalic A. 2007. Environmental impacts on wheat agronomics quality traits. Cereal Research 35, 357–360.

Fahim MG. 2014. Grouping of promising agronomic traits of genotypes and lines of bread wheat using cluster analysis and detection function. Indian journal of Fundamental and Applied Life Science 4, 182‒185.

Hamrick JL, Godt MJW. 1997. Allozyme diversity in cultivated crops. Crop Science 37, 26‒30.

Huang XQ, Börner A, Röder MS, Ganal MW. 2002. Assessing genetic diversity of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) germplasm using microsatellite markers. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 105, 699-707.

IBPGR. 1978. Descriptors for wheat and Aegilops International Board for Plant Genetic Resources (IBPGR) Rome, Italy, 25.

Khodadadi M, Fotokian MH, Miransari M, 2011. Genetic diversity of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genotypes based on cluster and principal component analyses for breeding strategies. Australian Journal of Crop Science 5, 17-24.

Leilah AA, Al-Khateeb SA. 2005. Statistical analysis of wheat yield under drought conditions. Journal of Arid Environments 61, 483-496.

Mir RR, Kumar J, Balyan HS, Gupta PKA. 2006. Study of genetic diversity among Indian bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivars released during last 100 years. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution an International Journal 53, 1-10.

Mohammadi SA, Prasanna BM. 2003. Analysis of genetic diversity in crop plants—salient statistical tools and considerations. Crop Science 43, 1235‒1248.

Nawaz M, Hussain SA, Ullah I, Younus M, Iqbal MZ, Rana SM. 2009. Estimation of genetic diversity in wheat using DNA Markers. American-Eurasian Journal of Sustainable Agriculture 3, 507-511.

Sabaghnia N, MohammadI MJ, Bashiri A, AsghariShirghan R. 2014. Genetic variation of several bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genotypes based on some morphological traits. Annales universitatis mariae curieskłodowska Lublin-polonia 1, 43-54.

Salem KFM, El-Zanaty AM, Esmail RM, 2008. Assessing wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genetic diversity using morphological characters and microsatellite markers. World Journal of Agricultural Sciences 4, 538-544.

Siahbidi MMP, Aboughadareh AP, Tahmasebi GR, Teymoori M, Jasemi M. 2013. Evaluation of genetic diversity and inter relationships of agro-morphological characters in durum wheat (Triticum durum desf.) lines using multivariate analysis. International Journal of Agriculture Research and Reviews 3, 184‒194.

Singh SP, Dwivedi VK. 2002. Genetic divergence in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). New Agriculture 13, 5-7.

Van Hintum TJL, Haalman D. 1994. Pedigree analysis for composing a core collection of modern cultivars, with examples from barley (Hordeum vulgare). Theoretical and Applied Genetics 88, 70‒74.

Verma PN, Singh BN, Singh G, Singh MK, Setter TL. 2014. Genetic diversity analysis for yield and other agronomic traits in bread wheat under water logged sodic soil condition. Journal of Wheat Research 6, 51‒58.

Wang H, Wang X, Chen P, Liu D. 2007. Assessment of genetic diversity of Yunnan, Tibetan and Xinjiang wheat using SSR Markers. Journal of Genetics and Genomics: Formerly Acta Genetica Sinica 34, 623-633.

Kiran Zubair, Inamullah, Ayesha Bibi, Rabia Masood, Hakim Khan.
Genetic diversity assessment of wheat germplasm from Pakistan using agro-morphometric traits.
Int. J. Biosci. 17(4), 161-169, October 2020.
https://innspub.net/ijb/genetic-diversity-assessment-wheat-germplasm-pakistan-using-agro-morphometric-traits/
Copyright © 2020
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
https://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update