International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Growth sensitivity and vulnerability in seedlings of Sorghum bicolor L. grown in crude oil polluted soil

By: Erhenhi A.H.

Key Words: Crude oil, Sensitivity, Sorghum bicolor, Vulnerability.

Int. J. Biosci. 16(6), 196-202, June 2020.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/16.6.196-202

Certification: ijb 2020 0040 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

The impact of crude oil on seedling growth and survival of Sorghum bicolor was evaluated view of profiling the concentration at which this plant can survive crude oil contamination being a staple food in the study area. Ex-Situ analysis experimental analysis using four treatments (50ml, 100ml, 150ml and 200ml) concentrations of crude oil and water as control on 7kg of loamy soil weighed on plastic bowl. Seed viability was tested using the floating method and six (6) seeds were sown in each bowl at 3cm depth. Treatment were applied 14 days after planting  to the established seedlings and observation of growth parameters such mean plant height, mean stem girth, mean leaf mortality and mean leaf areas of seedlings were studied for four (4) weeks. The result showed significant difference (P<0.05) in seedling height in the control compared to the treatments and also in seedling height in 50ml, 100ml, 150ml and 200ml respectively. The highest height of seedlings was obtained in control whereas the least mean height of seedlings was obtained in 100ml. The maximum plant girth of seedlings was obtained in control whereas the least girth was obtained in 150ml. The maximum leaf area of the plant was obtained in control while the least was recorded in 200ml treatment. The highest value of leaf mortality was recorded in 150ml while the lowest number of leaf mortality was obtained in 50ml. The study has demonstrated that seedlings of Sorghum grown in crude oil contaminated soil were sensitive and vulnerable.

| Views 27 |

| Views 27 |

Growth sensitivity and vulnerability in seedlings of Sorghum bicolor L. grown in crude oil polluted soil

Abii TA, Nwosu PC. 2009. The effect of oil spillage on the soil of Eleme in Rivers State of the Niger Delta area of Nigeria. Research Journal Environment Science 3(3), 316-320.

Agbogidi OM, Erhenhi AH. 2017. Major threats to biodiversity and strategies for conservation. In: Forest and Forest Products Society. Adekunle, V.A.J., Oke, D.O., Emehri, E.A. (Eds). Delta State University, Asaba, Delta State, p 499 – 503.

Agbogidi OM, Eruotor PG, Akparobi SO, Nnaji GU. 2007. Effect of crude oil contaminated soil on the mineral elements of maize (Zea mays). Journal of Agronomy 6(1), 188-193.

Baran S, Bielinska EJ, Wojeikowska-Kapusta A. 2002. The formation of enzymatic activity of soil contamination by petroleum products. Acta Agrophiscica 70, 9-19.

Daneshvar A, Tigabu M, Karimidoost A, Christer OP. 2017. Flotation techniques to improve viability of Juniperus polycarpos seed lots. Journal of Forestry Research 28, 231.

Erhenhi AH, Ikhajiagbe B. 2012. Growth responses of fluted pumpkin (Telfaira occidentalis Hook. F.S) in Crude Oil Polluted Soil. South Asian Journal of Biological Sciences 2(1), 1-11.

Erhenhi AH. 2017. Growth comparison of four arable crops on the polluted and unpolluted soils of Bodo City in Ogoni land, River State. Nigerian Journal of Science and Environment 15(1), 32-36.

Gong P, Sun TH, Beudert G, Hahn HH. 1996. Ecological effects of combined organic and inorganic pollution on soil microbial activities. Water, Air Soil Pollution 96, 133-143.

Hall JL. 2002. Cellular mechanisms for heavy metal detoxification and tolerance. Journal of Experimental Botany 53, 1-11.

Ikhajiagbe B, Anoliefo GO, Erhenhi AH, Ogweigor UH. 2012. Post impact assessment of a petroleum effluent dump site located in Midwestern Nigeria. Archives of Applied Science Research 4(5), 1923-1931.

Ikhajiagbe B, Mgbeze GC, Erhenhi HA. 2009. Growth and yield responses of Sphenostylis

stenocarpa (Hochst ex A. Rich) Harms to phosphate enrichment of soil. African Journal of Biotechnology 8(4), 641–643.

Matemilola S, Elegbede I. 2017. The challenges of food securityin Nigeria. Open Access Library Journal 4, 4185.

Merkl N, Schultze-kraft R, Infante C. 2004. Phytoremediation in the topics. The effect of crude oil on the growth of tropical plants. Bioremediation Journal 8(3-4), 177-184.

Merkl N, Schutzekraft R, Infante C. 2005. Assessment of tropical grasses and legumes for phytoremediation of petroleum contaminated soils. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution 165(1-4), 195-209.

Mingsheng FJ, Shen LY, Rongfeng J, Xinping CWJ, Davies FZ. 2012. Improving crop productivity and resource use efficiency to ensure food security and environmental quality in China. Journal of Experimental Botany 63(1), 13–24.

Mutegi E, Fabrice S, Moses M, Ben K, Bernard R, Caroline M, Charles M, Joseph K, Maryke L. 2010. Ecogeographical distribution of wild, weedy and cultivated Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench in Kenya: implications for conservation and crop-to-wild gene flow. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 57(2), 243–253.

Njoku KL, Akinola MO, Oboh BO. 2008. Germination, survival and growth of accession of Glycine max L (Merril) (Soyabeans) and Lycopersicon esculentum L.(Tomato) in crude oil polluted soil. Research Journal of Environmental Toxicology 2(2), 77-84.

Ogri OR. 2001. A review of the Nigerian petroleum industry and the associated environmental problems. Environmentalists 21, 11-21.

Paterson AH, John EB, Remy B, Inna D. 2009.  The Sorghum bicolor genome and the diversification

of grasses. Nature 457(7229), 551–556.

Ryder AG, Iwanski P, Montanari L. 2004. Fluorescence emission from petroleum; a valuable information source for petroleum analysis T-point. In-House Journal for EniTechnologie 2, 9-14.

Erhenhi A.H..
Growth sensitivity and vulnerability in seedlings of Sorghum bicolor L. grown in crude oil polluted soil.
Int. J. Biosci. 16(6), 196-202, June 2020.
https://innspub.net/ijb/growth-sensitivity-vulnerability-seedlings-sorghum-bicolor-l-grown-crude-oil-polluted-soil/
Copyright © 2020
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
https://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update